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About 3,193 results

Percutaneous instrumentation with cement augmentation for traumatic hyperextension thor...
https://doi.org/10.3171/2021.7.FOCUS21308
Neurosurgical Focus; Trungu S, Ricciardi L et. al.

Oct 2nd, 2021 - The typical traumatic thoracolumbar (TL) fracture in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a hyperextension injury involving all three spinal columns, which is associated with unfavorable outcomes. Although a consensus on the management of these highly unstable injuries is missing, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has been progressively accepted as a treatment option, since it is related...

The role of an anterior approach in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis-associated ...
https://doi.org/10.3171/2021.7.FOCUS21333
Neurosurgical Focus; Govindarajan V, Bryant JP et. al.

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Cervical fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis can have devastating neurological consequences. Currently, several surgical approaches are commonly used to treat these fractures: anterior, posterior, and anterior-posterior. The relative rarity of these fractures has limited the ability of surgeons to objectively determine the merits of each. The authors present an updated systematic ...

Single versus dual operative spine fractures in ankylosing spondylitis.
https://doi.org/10.3171/2021.7.FOCUS21329
Neurosurgical Focus; Lu AY, Blitstein JS et. al.

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Ankylosing spondylitis, the most common spondyloarthritis, fuses individual spinal vertebrae into long segments. The unique biomechanics of the ankylosed spine places patients at unusually high risk for unstable fractures secondary to low-impact mechanisms. These injuries are unique within the spine trauma population and necessitate thoughtful management. Therefore, the authors aimed to present...

Pinckney fracture: do not underestimate trauma of the distal phalanx of the hallux.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8438821
BMJ Case Reports; Nóbrega J, Ovídio J et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Toe injuries are common in the emergency department and most of them are treated conservatively. In some circumstances, these injuries can present as a physeal fracture with concomitant soft-tissue injury affecting the nail bed and resulting in a hidden open fracture. To adequately treat these patients, a high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose and treat the open fractures and to prevent ...

COVID-19: Thrombosis, thromboinflammation, and anticoagulation considerations.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8444926
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology; Levy JH, Iba T et. al.

Jul 22nd, 2021 - Vascular endothelial injury is a hallmark of acute infection at both the microvascular and macrovascular levels. The hallmark of SARS-CoV-2 infection is the current COVID-19 clinical sequelae of the pathophysiologic responses of hypercoagulability and thromboinflammation associated with acute infection. The acute lung injury that initially occurs in COVID-19 results from vascular and endothelia...

Dramatic Cervical Spine Injury Secondary to Videolaryngoscopy in a Patient Suffering fr...
https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000003866
Anesthesiology Epaud A, Levesque E et. al.

Jul 2nd, 2021 - Dramatic Cervical Spine Injury Secondary to Videolaryngoscopy in a Patient Suffering from Ankylosing Spondylitis.|2021|Epaud A,Levesque E,Clariot S,|injuries,adverse effects,diagnosis,etiology,complications,surgery,adverse effects,

Fracture of the Dens Axis Due to Spinal Manifestation of Sarcoidosis: Treatment Option ...
https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003992
Spine Eid K, Friedrich M et. al.

Jun 9th, 2021 - Case report and literature review. We present a case of a pathologic unstable fracture of the odontoid process due to vertebral osseous sarcoidosis. The surgical management of this unreported pathology is described and a review of the literature is given. Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory systemic disease of unknown etiology, characterized by multiorgan noncaseating granulomatous infiltrati...

COVID-19 Vasculopathy: Mounting Evidence for an Indirect Mechanism of Endothelial Injury.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8141344
The American Journal of Pathology; Nicosia RF, Ligresti G et. al.

May 26th, 2021 - Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who are critically ill develop vascular complications characterized by thrombosis of small, medium, and large vessels. Dysfunction of the vascular endothelium due to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of the COVID-19 vasculopathy. Although initial reports suggested t...

The impact of right ventricular injury on the mortality in patients with acute respirat...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8138512
Critical Care (London, England); Sato R, Dugar S et. al.

May 23rd, 2021 - Previous studies have found various incidences of right ventricular (RV) injury and its association with clinical outcome in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to investigate the impact of the presence of RV injury on mortality in patients with ARDS. We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Con...

Spontaneous rupture of a renal artery pseudoaneurysm in a hemodialysis patient: A case ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8136987
Medicine Lee S, Jung S et. al.

May 21st, 2021 - Renal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare vascular lesion usually caused by trauma or percutaneous urological procedures. Spontaneous rupture of pseudoaneurysms without predisposing events, especially in hemodialysis patients, has rarely been reported. A 25-year-old man receiving maintenance hemodialysis visited the emergency room because of sudden severe right flank pain. He had no history of trau...

Traumatic atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation and dens fracture with subaxial SCIWORA of...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8078422
Medicine Kim SK, Chang DG et. al.

Apr 22nd, 2021 - A case of traumatic atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation (AARS), dens fracture, rupture of transverse atlantal ligament (TAL), and subaxial spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) of Brown-Sequard syndrome has never been reported in a child. A 7-year-old boy presented to hospital with torticollis, neck pain, and limited neck rotation after a seat-belt injury sustained during...

Glycol chitosan-based tacrolimus-loaded nanomicelle therapy ameliorates lupus nephritis.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8052756
Journal of Nanobiotechnology; Kim CS, Mathew AP et. al.

Apr 19th, 2021 - Recently, we developed hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan (HGC) nanomicelles loaded with tacrolimus (TAC) (HGC-TAC) for the targeted renal delivery of TAC. Herein, we determined whether the administration of the HGC-TAC nanomicelles decreases kidney injury in a model of lupus nephritis. Lupus-prone female MRL/lpr mice were randomly assigned into three groups that received intravenous admi...

The bone bridge significantly affects the decrease in bone mineral density measured wit...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8051772
PloS One; Lee SY, Song R et. al.

Apr 17th, 2021 - Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has characteristics of spinal bone bridge and fusion. Although BMD reduction in AS may be presumed to be due to spinal inflammation, this study was designed to confirm whether immobilization of the spine due to syndesmophytes is related to BMD reduction, as immobilization itself is a risk factor for BMD reduction. Among male patients diagnosed with AS according to th...

Morphological characteristics of the posterior neck muscles and anatomical landmarks fo...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-021-02745-2 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2010.03042.x 10.1007/s00276-007-0279-0 10.1007/s00276-018-2059-4 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2011.06.015 10.1007/s00276-020-02646-w 10.1002/mds.870060206 10.1007/s00415-019-09527-2 10.1007/s00415-014-7586-2 10.1212/WNL.55.1.1 10.1111/ene.12517 10.1186/s13104-019-4299-8 10.1002/ca.20660 10.1002/mus.23409 10.1155/1990/764203 10.5603/PJNNS.a2020.0022 10.1007/s00702-019-02116-7 10.5535/arm.19211 10.1007/s00276-010-0729-y 10.1097/scs.0000000000003703 10.1002/ca.20229 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.10.022 10.1016/1050-6411(94)00010-J 10.1002/mds.20376 10.1007/s00415-002-0733-1 10.1007/BF00300589 10.1002/mds.26760 10.1288/00005537-199109000-00006 10.1002/mus.880160913 10.1016/1050-6411(95)00002-H 10.1007/s00702-016-1621-7 10.2399/ana.17.039 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2010.03.002 10.1017/s031716710003540x
Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA; Torun Bİ, Kendir S et. al.

Apr 14th, 2021 - Cervical dystonia is a common movement disorder for which botulinum toxin (BoNT) is the first choice treatment. Injecting the specific neck muscles can be challenging because of their thin morphology and deep locations. We, therefore, designed a study to investigate the locations of the posterior neck muscles to help the physician predict the locations of the targeted neck muscles and to protec...

Protective strategy of parathyroid glands during thyroid lobectomy: A retrospective coh...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8036091
Medicine Xing Z, Qiu Y et. al.

Apr 10th, 2021 - Parathyroid protection during thyroid lobectomy was not illustrated previously. Aim of this study was to find out the influence of parathyroid glands in situ preservation and autotransplantation on postoperative parathyroid function in thyroid lobectomy.Consecutive patients who underwent primary thyroid lobectomy with unilateral central neck dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma in our cen...

Iron overload in aging Bmp6‑/‑ mice induces exocrine pancreatic injury and fibrosis due...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7910010
International Journal of Molecular Medicine; Pauk M, Kufner V et. al.

Mar 3rd, 2021 - The relationship between hemochromatosis and diabetes has been well established, as excessive iron deposition has been reported to result in impaired function of the endocrine and exocrine pancreas. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to analyze the effects of iron accumulation on the pancreata and glucose homeostasis in a bone morphogenetic protein 6‑knockout (Bmp6‑/‑) mouse mode...

Association of Position Played and Career Duration and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8105967
Neurology Schwab N, Wennberg R et. al.

Feb 26th, 2021 - To determine whether an association exists between career duration or position played and the presence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) at autopsy in a series of elite football and hockey players. This retrospective cohort study analyzed postmortem brains of 35 former football or hockey players (29 professional, 6 university varsity/major junior), with the presence of CTE at autopsy as...

Acute Tracheal Necrosis After Intubation in a Childhood Onset Systemic Lupus Erythemato...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.08.2076
Chest Burke B, Tierney W et. al.

Feb 11th, 2021 - Upper airway involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease process is uncommon. A 15-year-old girl, a known patient with class IVA lupus nephritis, presented in acute renal failure due to flare-up of SLE. She underwent an uneventful elective intubation procedure for placement of a hemodialysis catheter. After 36 hours of extubation, she developed biphasic stridor and severe shortnes...

Complications Associated with Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Avoiding T...
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1723016
The Journal of Knee Surgery; James EW, Taber CE et. al.

Feb 6th, 2021 - Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries often occur as part of a multiligament injury pattern and can present a significant challenge to the treating surgeon. When PCL reconstruction is indicated, complications can arise in the intraoperative and postoperative period that lead to poor outcomes. These complications include neurovascular injury, fracture, compartment syndrome, persistent poste...

Coronary artery perforation secondary to lifesaving pericardiocentesis for cardiac tamp...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7845111
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders; Kanda D, Takumi T et. al.

Jan 30th, 2021 - Pericardiocentesis is frequently performed when fluid needs to be removed from the pericardial sac, for both therapeutic and diagnostic purposes, however, it can still be a high-risk procedure in inexperienced hands and/or an emergent setting. A 78-year-old male made an emergency call complaining of the back pain. When the ambulance crew arrived at his home, he was in a state of shock due to ca...