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About 13,658 results

The protective performance of reusable cloth face masks, disposable procedure masks, KN...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8494377
PloS One; Duncan S, Bodurtha P et. al.

Oct 7th, 2021 - Face coverings are a key component of preventive health measure strategies to mitigate the spread of respiratory illnesses. In this study five groups of masks were investigated that are of particular relevance to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: re-usable, fabric two-layer and multi-layer masks, disposable procedure/surgical masks, KN95 and N95 filtering facepiece respirators. Experimental work focusse...

Evaluation of electrostatic sprayers and foggers for the application of disinfectants i...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8483385
PloS One; Wood JP, Magnuson M et. al.

Oct 1st, 2021 - Although research has shown that the COVID-19 disease is most likely caused by airborne transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, disinfection of potentially contaminated surfaces is also recommended to limit the spread of the disease. Use of electrostatic sprayers (ESS) and foggers to rapidly apply disinfectants over large areas or to complex surfaces has emerged with the COVID-19 pandemic. ESSs a...

Acupuncture treatment of glaucoma based on radar plots: A protocol for an overview of s...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8462583
Medicine Liu Y, Li Z et. al.

Sep 25th, 2021 - Glaucoma is the second most blinding eye disease in the world. Currently, lowering the intraocular pressure through various methods is the main treatment of glaucoma. Acupuncture has been effectively and safely used in the treatment of glaucoma. However, the evidence for the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of glaucoma is controversial, leading to inconsistent findings from systematic e...

WHotLAMP: A simple, inexpensive, and sensitive molecular test for the detection of SARS...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8445428
PloS One; Ng D, Pinharanda A et. al.

Sep 17th, 2021 - Despite the development of effective vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, epidemiological control of the virus is still challenging due to slow vaccine rollouts, incomplete vaccine protection to current and emerging variants, and unwillingness to get vaccinated. Therefore, frequent testing of individuals to identify early SARS-CoV-2 infections, contact-tracing and isolation strategies remain crucial to...

Bedside estimates of dead space using end-tidal CO2 are independently associated with m...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8442447
Critical Care (London, England); Lecompte-Osorio P, Pearson SD et. al.

Sep 17th, 2021 - In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), dead space fraction has been independently associated with mortality. We hypothesized that early measurement of the difference between arterial and end-tidal CO2 (arterial-ET difference), a surrogate for dead space fraction, would predict mortality in mechanically ventilated patients with ARDS. We performed two separate exploratory analyses. We fir...

Brachytherapy with Iodine-125 seeds for treatment of portal vein-branch tumor thrombus ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8439081
BMC Cancer; Hong D, Zhou Y et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - There is currently no widely-accepted consensus for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumor thrombus. We evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous brachytherapy with iodine-125 seeds for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein-branch tumor thrombus (PVBTT). Sixty-nine hepatocellular carcinoma patients with PVBTT were enrolled...

Removal of a catheter mount and heat-and-moisture exchanger improves hypercapnia in pat...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8428744
Medicine Shimoda T, Sekino M et. al.

Sep 14th, 2021 - To avoid ventilator-associated lung injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treatment, respiratory management should be performed at a low tidal volume of 6 to 8 mL/kg and plateau pressure of ≤30 cmH2O. However, such lung-protective ventilation often results in hypercapnia, which is a risk factor for poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effec...

Self-collection of capillary blood using Tasso-SST devices for Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG anti...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8412246
PloS One; Hendelman T, Chaudhary A et. al.

Sep 3rd, 2021 - Efforts to minimize COVID-19 exposure during the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have led to limitations in access to medical care and testing. The Tasso-SST kit includes all of the components necessary for remote, capillary blood self-collection. In this study, we sought to investigate the accuracy and reliability of the Tasso-SST device as a self-collection device for measurement of SARS-CoV-2 Ig...

Self-collection and pooling of samples as resources-saving strategies for RT-PCR-based ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8412272
PloS One; Aubry M, Teiti I et. al.

Sep 3rd, 2021 - In French Polynesia, the first case of SARS-CoV-2 infection was detected on March 10th, 2020, in a resident returning from France. Between March 28th and July 14th, international air traffic was interrupted and local transmission of SARS-CoV-2 was brought under control, with only 62 cases recorded. The main challenge for reopening the air border without requiring travelers to quarantine on arri...

Performance verification of the Abbott SARS-CoV-2 test for qualitative detection of IgG...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8409620
PloS One; Castro MDM, Caicedo I et. al.

Sep 2nd, 2021 - Adequate testing is critically important for control of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Antibody testing is an option for case management and epidemiologic studies, with high specificity and variable sensitivity. However, characteristics of local populations may affect performance of these tests. For this reason, the National Institute of Health (INS) and regulatory agencies in Colombia require verifi...

Tear Proteomics in Keratoconus: A Quantitative SWATH-MS Analysis.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8399462
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; López-López M, Regueiro U et. al.

Aug 26th, 2021 - To elucidate dysregulated proteins in keratoconus (KC) to provide a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that lead to the development of the disease using sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra (SWATH-MS) as a protein quantification tool of the tear proteomic profile. Prospective cross-sectional study that includes 25 keratoconic eyes and 25 healthy eyes. All ...

Effect of physical therapy intervention on thickness and ratio of the sternocleidomasto...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8376309
Medicine Song S, Hwang W et. al.

Aug 21st, 2021 - Early diagnosis as well as treatment is important in management of congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). The purpose of this study was to find an effective physical therapy modality to improve the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle thickness, the ratio of the SCM muscle thickness on the affected side to that on the non-affected side (A/N ratio), and head rotation in infant under 3 months of age ...

Development of an alternative saliva test for diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 using TRIzol: Ada...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8372963
PloS One; Miranda-Ortiz H, Fernández-Figueroa EA et. al.

Aug 19th, 2021 - The use of saliva for the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 has shown to be a good alternative to nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS), since it permits self-collection, avoids the exposure of healthy persons to infected patients, reduces waiting times, eliminates the need of personal protective equipment and is non-invasive. Yet current saliva testing is still expensive due to the need of specialized tubes contai...

Validation of a direct-to-PCR COVID-19 detection protocol utilizing mechanical homogeni...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8372900
PloS One; Morehouse ZP, Samikwa L et. al.

Aug 19th, 2021 - Efficient and effective viral detection methodologies are a critical piece in the global response to COVID-19, with PCR-based nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swab testing serving as the current gold standard. With over 100 million confirmed cases globally, the supply chains supporting these PCR testing efforts are under a tremendous amount of stress, driving the need for innovative and accurat...

Past Poliomyelitis with Limb Atrophy Is Not a Contraindication to EVAR.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2021.06.017
European Journal of Vascular and endoVascular Surgery : T... Spanos K, Kouvelos G

Aug 18th, 2021 - Past Poliomyelitis with Limb Atrophy Is Not a Contraindication to EVAR.|2021|Spanos K,Kouvelos G,|complications,diagnostic imaging,surgery,adverse effects,instrumentation,methods,adverse effects,instrumentation,methods,virology,complications,

Performance evaluation of three automated quantitative immunoassays and their correlati...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8418513
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis; Jung K, Shin S et. al.

Aug 10th, 2021 - SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is currently ongoing, meanwhile vaccinations are rapidly underway in some countries. The quantitative immunoassays detecting antibodies against spike antigen of SARS-CoV-2 have been developed based on the findings that they have a better correlation with the neutralizing antibody. The performances of the Abbott Architect SARS-CoV-2 IgG II Quant, DiaSorin LIAISON SARS-CoV-2 T...

Surgery for stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity.
https://doi.org/10.1097/ICU.0000000000000795
Current Opinion in Ophthalmology; Martínez-Castellanos MA, Ortiz-Ramirez GY

Jul 30th, 2021 - Our understanding of the pathogenesis and surgical management of stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity has come a long way. Despite of new technologies in retinal surgical devices, the dissection of thick membranes is still a challenge. We use a capsulotomy 'plug on tip' 0.05 mm designed for capsular fimosis. This diathermy instrument is used to cut the lens capsule by low power waves transmitted ...

Unified platform for genetic and serological detection of COVID-19 with single-molecule...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8312974
PloS One; Furth N, Shilo S et. al.

Jul 27th, 2021 - The COVID-19 pandemic raises the need for diverse diagnostic approaches to rapidly detect different stages of viral infection. The flexible and quantitative nature of single-molecule imaging technology renders it optimal for development of new diagnostic tools. Here we present a proof-of-concept for a single-molecule based, enzyme-free assay for detection of SARS-CoV-2. The unified platform we ...

Development and implementation of a scalable and versatile test for COVID-19 diagnostic...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8292415
Nature Communications; Ceci A, Muñoz-Ballester C et. al.

Jul 22nd, 2021 - Rapid and widespread testing of severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is essential for an effective public health response aimed at containing and mitigating the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Successful health policy implementation relies on early identification of infected individuals and extensive contact tracing. However, rural communities, where resources for t...

Practical strategies for SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR testing in resource-constrained settings.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8230941
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease; Muller MS, Chhetri SB et. al.

Jul 20th, 2021 - Alternatives to nasopharyngeal sampling are needed to increase capacity for SARS-CoV-2 testing. Among 275 participants, we piloted the collection of nasal mid-turbinate swabs amenable to self-testing, including polyester flocked swabs as well as 3D-printed plastic lattice swabs, placed into viral transport media or an RNA stabilization agent. Flocked nasal swabs identified 104/121 individuals w...