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About 1,363 results

Genomics, social media and mobile phone data enable mapping of SARS-CoV-2 lineages to i...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8478645
Nature Microbiology; Cowley LA, Afrad MH et. al.

Sep 10th, 2021 - Genomics, combined with population mobility data, used to map importation and spatial spread of SARS-CoV-2 in high-income countries has enabled the implementation of local control measures. Here, to track the spread of SARS-CoV-2 lineages in Bangladesh at the national level, we analysed outbreak trajectory and variant emergence using genomics, Facebook 'Data for Good' and data from three mobile...

Association of Jail Decarceration and Anticontagion Policies With COVID-19 Case Growth ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8414192
JAMA Network Open; Reinhart E, Chen DL

Sep 3rd, 2021 - Mass incarceration is known to foster infectious disease outbreaks, amplification of infectious diseases in surrounding communities, and exacerbation of health disparities in disproportionately policed communities. To date, however, policy interventions intended to achieve epidemic mitigation in US communities have neglected to account for decarceration as a possible means of protecting public ...

ROP Risk Management 2021.
https://doi.org/10.1097/ICU.0000000000000790
Current Opinion in Ophthalmology; Gold RS

Aug 17th, 2021 - It is important for ophthalmologists to keep current with up-to-date recommendations for screening, treating, and follow-up of infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This paper will review updated ROP Safety Net protocols and Policy Statements to stress that following risk management principles can avoid claims that could arise from poor visual outcomes. Ophthalmic Mutual Insurance Comp...

Physician-hastened death in California for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis:...
https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.27388
Muscle & Nerve; Grogan J, Simmons Z

Aug 10th, 2021 - Physician-hastened death in California for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Part of a bigger picture.|2021|Grogan J,Simmons Z,|diagnosis,epidemiology,therapy,epidemiology,legislation & jurisprudence,legislation & jurisprudence,methods,

Mental health and quality of life for people with rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing sp...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8298198
Rheumatology International; Johnstone G, Treharne GJ et. al.

Jul 24th, 2021 - The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of lockdown on the mental health (anxiety and depression) and quality of life (QOL) of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and public health measures instituted at a national level by the New Zealand Government. The present cohort was 104 individuals with RA (73.1%) and...

Should SARS-CoV-2 vaccination for all frontline healthcare staff be compulsory?
https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2021.30.13.828
British Journal of Nursing (Mark Allen Publishing); Glasper A

Jul 13th, 2021 - Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, discusses the issues raised by the recent government decision to make vaccination against the virus causing COVID-19 mandatory for care home staff.

High-Risk Medicolegal Conditions in Pediatric Emergency Medicine.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2021.04.001
Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America; Weinstock MB, Jolliff H

Jul 4th, 2021 - The top 5 reasons for pediatric malpractice are cardiac or cardiorespiratory arrest, appendicitis, disorder of male genital organs, encephalopathy, and meningitis. Malpractice is most likely to result from an "error in diagnosis." Claims involving a "major permanent injury" were more likely to pay out money, but of all claims, only 30% result in a monetary pay out. Consideration of "high-risk m...

Temperature and population density influence SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the absence of ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8237566
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Un... Smith TP, Flaxman S et. al.

Jun 10th, 2021 - As COVID-19 continues to spread across the world, it is increasingly important to understand the factors that influence its transmission. Seasonal variation driven by responses to changing environment has been shown to affect the transmission intensity of several coronaviruses. However, the impact of the environment on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remains largely...

Tozinameran (BNT162b2) Vaccine: The Journey from Preclinical Research to Clinical Trial...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8184133
AAPS PharmSciTech; Khehra N, Padda I et. al.

Jun 9th, 2021 - Vaccination development and production was an essential question for the prevention and global control of COVID-19. The strong support from governing authorities such as Operation Warp Speed and robust funding has led to the development and authorization of the tozinameran (BNT162b2) vaccine. The BNT162b2 vaccine is a lipid nanoparticle-encapsulated mRNA that encodes for SARS-CoV-2 spike protei...

Spread of a SARS-CoV-2 variant through Europe in the summer of 2020.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03677-y 10.1056/NEJMoa2001017 10.1126/science.abc8169 10.1093/bioinformatics/bty407 10.1126/science.abf2946 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.13.30494 10.1016/j.cell.2020.06.043 10.1016/j.cell.2020.11.020 10.1038/s41586-020-2895-3 10.1016/j.cell.2020.09.032 10.1126/science.abg3055 10.1038/s41586-021-03470-x 10.1038/s41586-021-03402-9 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00183-5 10.1038/s41564-020-0770-5 10.1038/s41586-020-2852-1 10.1126/science.abe3354 10.1016/j.cell.2021.01.037 10.1038/s41594-020-0483-8 10.1016/j.cell.2020.02.058 10.1038/s41586-020-2349-y 10.1016/j.cell.2020.10.043 10.1126/science.abc6952 10.1016/j.cell.2021.03.028 10.1038/s41586-020-2739-1 10.1371/journal.ppat.1008959 10.1016/j.cell.2020.06.040 10.1128/JCM.00588-20 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050074 10.1186/s12916-020-01597-8 10.1001/jama.2020.27124 10.1093/nar/gkf436 10.1093/molbev/msaa015 10.1093/ve/vex042 10.1371/journal.ppat.1009374 10.1073/pnas.1207965110 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006650 10.1073/pnas.1707304114 10.1016/j.chom.2020.11.007 10.3390/v12050513
Nature Hodcroft EB, Zuber M et. al.

Jun 8th, 2021 - Following its emergence in late 2019, the spread of SARS-CoV-21,2 has been tracked by phylogenetic analysis of viral genome sequences in unprecedented detail3-5. Although the virus spread globally in early 2020 before borders closed, intercontinental travel has since been greatly reduced. However, travel within Europe resumed in the summer of 2020. Here we report on a SARS-CoV-2 variant, 20E (E...

Successful containment of a flight-imported COVID-19 outbreak through extensive contact...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8149171
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease; Quach HL, Hoang NT et. al.

May 29th, 2021 - The importation of SARS-CoV-2 through air travel poses substantial risks to generate new COVID-19 outbreaks. Timely contact tracing is particularly crucial to limit onwards transmission in settings without established community transmission. We conducted an in-depth analysis of the response to a big flight-associated COVID-19 outbreak in Vietnam in March 2020 that involved contact tracing, syst...

Preparedness and activities of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 convalescent plasma bank in the Vene...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8103741
Transfusion and Apheresis Science : Official Journal of T... De Silvestro G, Gandini G et. al.

May 18th, 2021 - Convalescent plasma (CP) has been used in the past in various pandemics, in particular in H1N1, SARS and MERS infections. In Spring 2020, when ongoing the SARS-CoV-2 pandemics, the Veneto Region (V-R) has proposed setting-up an anti-SARS-CoV-2 CP (CCP) Bank, with the aim of preparing a supply of CCP immediately available in case of subsequest epidemic waves. Key-points to be developed for a qui...

Vaccinating children against SARS-CoV-2.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n1197
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Lavine JS, Bjornstad O et. al.

May 15th, 2021 - Vaccinating children against SARS-CoV-2.|2021|Lavine JS,Bjornstad O,Antia R,|diagnosis,epidemiology,prevention & control,transmission,administration & dosage,immunology,standards,drug effects,genetics,pathogenicity,legislation & jurisprudence,methods,

Assessing the nationwide impact of COVID-19 mitigation policies on the transmission rat...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8106524
Epidemics Jorge DCP, Rodrigues MS et. al.

May 14th, 2021 - COVID-19 is now identified in almost all countries in the world, with poorer regions being particularly more disadvantaged to efficiently mitigate the impacts of the pandemic. In the absence of efficient therapeutics or large-scale vaccination, control strategies are currently based on non-pharmaceutical interventions, comprising changes in population behavior and governmental interventions, am...

Commentary: mobile laboratories for SARS-CoV-2 diagnostics: what Europe could learn fro...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8063167
Globalization and Health; Gehre F, Lagu H et. al.

Apr 25th, 2021 - The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 mutants might lead to European border closures, which impact on trade and result in serious economic losses. In April 2020, similar border closures were observed during the first SARS-CoV-2 wave in East Africa. Since 2017 the East African Community EAC together with the Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine BNITM established a mobile laboratory network integ...

Airport Traveler Testing Program for SARS-CoV-2 - Alaska, June-November 2020.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8061796
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Ohlsen EC, Porter KA et. al.

Apr 23rd, 2021 - Travel can facilitate SARS-CoV-2 introduction. To reduce introduction of SARS-CoV-2 infections, the state of Alaska implemented a program on June 6, 2020, for arriving air, sea, and road travelers that required either molecular testing for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, or a 14-day self-quarantine after arrival. The Alaska Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) used weekly...

The effect of eviction moratoria on the transmission of SARS-CoV-2.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8050248
Nature Communications; Nande A, Sheen J et. al.

Apr 17th, 2021 - Massive unemployment during the COVID-19 pandemic could result in an eviction crisis in US cities. Here we model the effect of evictions on SARS-CoV-2 epidemics, simulating viral transmission within and among households in a theoretical metropolitan area. We recreate a range of urban epidemic trajectories and project the course of the epidemic under two counterfactual scenarios, one in which a ...

Use of Stay-at-Home Orders and Mask Mandates to Control COVID-19 Transmission - Blackfe...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8030986
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Pratt CQ, Chard AN et. al.

Apr 9th, 2021 - COVID-19 has disproportionately affected persons who identify as non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) (1). The Blackfeet Tribal Reservation, the northern Montana home of the sovereign Blackfeet Nation, with an estimated population of 10,629 (2), detected the first COVID-19 case in the community on June 16, 2020. Following CDC guidance,* and with free testing widely available, t...

Behavioral Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia and Homicide in a Historical Case.
https://doi.org/10.29158/JAAPL.200081-20
The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and The... Zago S, Scarpazza C et. al.

Mar 19th, 2021 - Criminal behavior is a clinical feature of the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), ranging from socially inappropriate behavior and minor offenses (such as shoplifting, driving-related violations, housebreaking, trespassing) to the more extreme acts of sex crimes and violence. To our knowledge, no homicide case involving bvFTD is well illustrated in the scientific literature,...

Early public adherence with and support for stay-at-home COVID-19 mitigation strategies...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7957462
BMC Public Health; Czeisler MÉ, Howard ME et. al.

Mar 17th, 2021 - Governments worldwide recommended unprecedented measures to contain the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). As pressure mounted to scale back measures, understanding public priorities was critical. We assessed initial public adherence with and support for stay-at-home orders in nations and cities with different SA...