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About 345,293 results

Glaucoma treatment should be tailored to individual patients
https://www.healio.com/news/ophthalmology/20220120/glaucoma-treatment-should-be-tailored-to-individual-patients

Jan 20th, 2022 - WAIKOLOA, Hawaii — Clinical research, personal experience, physician skill set, patient factors and goals all influence the decision to perform trabeculectomy or use a tube shunt, a speaker said here at Hawaiian Eye 2022. “Individualize the treatment choice to the patient in front of you,” Brian E. Flowers, MD, said. If the IOP target is low or if the patient is younger or has medication tolera...

JAK Inhibitor Improves Symptoms, Anemia in Myelofibrosis
https://www.medpagetoday.com/hematologyoncology/othercancers/102883

Jan 30th, 2023 - Myelofibrosis treatment with the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor momelotinib resulted in clinically significant improvements in symptoms and spleen response compared with danazol for symptomatic, JAK inhibitor-exposed patients with anemia and intermediate- or high-risk disease, the phase III MOMENTUM trial showed. A significantly greater proportion of patients in the momelotinib group reported a ≥...

Acute hepatic porphyrias no longer as rare as previously thought
https://www.mdedge.com/internalmedicine/article/260911/gastroenterology/acute-hepatic-porphyrias-no-longer-rare-previously
Carolyn Crist

Jan 30th, 2023 - Although rare, acute hepatic porphyrias (AHPs) may be more common than previously thought, particularly among women between ages 15 and 50, according to a new clinical practice update from the American Gastroenterological Association. For acute attacks, treatment should include intravenous hemin, and for patients with recurrent attacks, a newly-approved therapy called givosiran should be consid.

Study: Diminished COVID Vaccine Response in Lupus
https://www.medpagetoday.com/rheumatology/lupus/102876

Jan 30th, 2023 - Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) showed reduced antibody responses following COVID-19 vaccination, with drugs for the condition such as belimumab (Benlysta) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) likely to blame, researchers said. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) titers measured 2 weeks after the second dose of mRNA COVID vaccines were lower by about 20% among 342 lupus patients compared with th...

Woman Seeks Answers After 3 Years of Painful Genital Ulcers
https://www.medpagetoday.com/dermatology/generaldermatology/102873

Jan 30th, 2023 - A woman in her late 40s presented with painful ulcers in her groin and armpits that hadn't healed in 3 years, an Indian group reported in JAMA Dermatology. The woman explained that when the sores first appeared, they were just itchy, oozing, reddish bumps; over time, they worsened to form painful, pus-filled oozing ulcers. She had been treated with numerous courses of antibiotics, antifungals, ...

Establishment and evaluation of nomogram for predicting intraventricular hemorrhage in ...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-023-03853-1
BMC Pediatrics; Arkin N, Wang Y et. al.

Jan 29th, 2023 - Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common type of brain injury in newborns, especially in newborns with Neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). IVH can cause brain parenchyma damage and long-term neurological sequelae in children. Early identification and prevention of sequelae are essential. This study aims to establish a predictive nomogram for the early prediction of ...

Narcolepsy secondary to anti-Ma2 encephalitis: two case reports.
https://doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.10448
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM : Official Publ... Brunet de Courssou JB, Testard P et. al.

Jan 29th, 2023 - Recent studies suggest that sleep disorders are present in two-thirds of patient with autoimmune encephalitis. In anti-Ma2 encephalitis, hypersomnia appears to be frequent. However, only few cases of type 1 narcolepsy have been reported to date with anti-Ma2 encephalitis. We report two new cases of patients with narcolepsy secondary to anti-Ma2 encephalitis. Patient 1, a 68-year-old man, had na...

The burden of alopecia areata: a scoping review focusing on quality of life, mental hea...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.18926
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venere... Muntyanu A, Gabrielli S et. al.

Jan 29th, 2023 - Alopecia areata (AA) is a common inflammatory autoimmune disease of the hair which can have a significant negative impact on the quality of life (QoL), mental health, and productivity. The aim of this scoping review is to elucidate the burden of AA focusing on these three realms. Inclusion criteria included all original manuscripts with no restriction on study type or statistical method written...

Increased type I interferon expression from T cells in lesional skin of Degos disease.
https://doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.16727
The Journal of Dermatology; Honda Keith Y, Otsuka A et. al.

Jan 29th, 2023 - Increased type I interferon expression from T cells in lesional skin of Degos disease.|2023|Honda Keith Y,Otsuka A,Kogame T,Ito H,Usui S,|

BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 Vaccine Effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2 and Variants in the Urb...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36706204
Rhode Island Medical Journal (2013); Weng CH, Zhou S et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - The real world COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness among the urban underserved Hispanic/Latino populations is unknown. We evaluated the mRNA vaccine effectiveness in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infections at a major federally qualified health center in Providence, Rhode Island, and a total of 38,602 patients were included. Time period was used as the SARS-CoV-2 variant proxy. Compared to the unvaccinated ...

Herpetic Eye Disease After SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination: A CDC-VAERS Database Analysis.
https://doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000003246
Cornea Singh RB, Parmar UPS et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the cases of herpes simplex and zoster ophthalmicus after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and assess the clinical presentations in patients. A retrospective analysis of cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) between December 11, 2020, and July 1, 2022. Patients diagnosed with herpes simpl...

Real-world safety and effectiveness of maintenance niraparib for platinum-sensitive rec...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2022.12.023
European Journal of Cancer (Oxford, England : 1990); Cueva JF, Palacio I et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - To describe patient characteristics, effectiveness and safety in a real-world population treated with niraparib in the Spanish expanded-access programme. This retrospective observational study included women with platinum-sensitive recurrent high-grade serous ovarian cancer who received maintenance niraparib within the Spanish niraparib expanded-access programme. Eligible patients had received ...

Serum claudin-5 levels among patients with unipolar and bipolar depression in relation ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2023.01.015
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity; Hochman E, Taler M et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - Accumulating evidence indicates that inflammation and neurovascular unit (NVU) dysfunction contribute to depression via disrupted blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity. Claudin-5, an endothelial tight-junction protein expressed in the NVU and contributing to BBB integrity, has been implicated in psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia. In an animal model...

Use of Secondary Iliac Branch Devices after Previous Endovascular Abdominal and Thoraco...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2023.01.033
European Journal of Vascular and endoVascular Surgery : T... Spath P, Cardona-Gloria Y et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - To assess safety and effectiveness of iliac branch devices (IBDs), as secondary procedure, for the treatment of type Ib endoleak or evolution of iliac arteries disease after prior endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) for thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) or abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Multicentre observational study of three European centres. Study included 75 patients (age 71 ± 9 ...

Pathologic survey of precursor lesions in cholangiocarcinoma.
https://doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.1308
Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences; Yasuni N, Sugino T et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - To clarify pathologic significance of two precursors (high-grade biliary intraepithelial neoplasm [BilIN] and intraductal papillary neoplasm of bile duct [IPNB]) in cholangiocarcinomas (CCAs). Ninety-one cases of CCA (47 distal CCAs [dCCAs], 31 perihilar CCAs [pCCAs] and 13 intrahepatic CCAs of large duct type [LD-iCCAs]) were examined for their association with precursors. Neoplastic intraepit...

Viral T-cell epitopes - Identification, characterization and clinical application.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smim.2023.101725
Seminars in Immunology; Schroeder SM, Nelde A et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - T-cell immunity, mediated by CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, represents a cornerstone in the control of viral infections. Virus-derived T-cell epitopes are represented by human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-presented viral peptides on the surface of virus-infected cells. They are the prerequisite for the recognition of infected cells by T cells. Knowledge of viral T-cell epitopes provides on the one hand a di...

Conformational state of C-reactive protein is critical for reducing immune complex-trig...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaut.2023.102998
Journal of Autoimmunity; Svanberg C, Enocsson H et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - Presence of autoantibodies targeting nuclear constituents, i.e., double-stranded DNA and small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), remain a cornerstone in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Fcγ receptor IIa (FcγRIIa) dependent uptake of nucleic acid containing immune complexes (ICs) by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) can activate toll-like receptors (TLRs) such as TLR7 and TLR9 resulting ...

Effect of vaccine booster, vaccine type, and hybrid immunity on humoral and cellular im...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2023.104446
EBioMedicine Ho-Yan Fong C, Zhang X et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - Vaccination reduces COVID-19-related hospitalization among older adults. However, how SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccine regimens affect vaccine-elicited immunity remain unclear. This is a cross-sectional study recruiting adults aged ≥70 years with comorbidities in Hong Kong. Demographic and clinical information were collected using a questionnaire. Neutralizing antibody (nAb) titers (against anc...

Elevated ratio of C-type lectin-like receptor 2 level and platelet count (C2PAC) aids i...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2023.01.018
Thrombosis Research; Ando K, Natsumeda M et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - Podoplanin (PDPN) is known to induce platelet aggregation via interacting with the C-type lectin-like receptor-2 on platelets and is involved in postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) formation. In this study, we investigate the correlation between soluble C-type lectin-like receptor (sCLEC-2) levels and PDPN expression in patients with high grade gliomas and the relationship between sCLEC-...

SHEAR WAVE ELASTOGRAPHY IN PATIENTS WITH SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY TYPE 2-3.
https://doi.org/10.1055/a-2021-0403
Neuropediatrics Karacabey BN, Bayramoğlu Z et. al.

Jan 28th, 2023 - Introduction This study aimed to investigate selective muscle involvement by shear wave elastography (SWE) in patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) types 2-3 and to compare SWE values with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in demonstrating muscle involvement. Methods Seventeen patients with SMA types 2-3 were included in the study. SWE was used to evaluate stiffness of the upper, lower ext...