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About 441,410 results

Primary angiitis of the central nervous system: description of the first fifty-two adul...
https://doi.org/10.1002/art.38340
Arthritis & Rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.); de Boysson H, Zuber M et. al.

May 1st, 2014 - To describe characteristics and outcomes of a multicenter cohort of patients diagnosed as having primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS). In 2010, we initiated a cohort study of adults diagnosed as having PACNS ≤15 years ago and with followup of >6 months (unless they died earlier of biopsy-proven PACNS). Its first analysis was planned at 2 years. Multidisciplinary investigators ...

Ultrasonography of the colon in pediatric ulcerative colitis: a prospective, blind, com...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.02.055
The Journal of Pediatrics; Civitelli F, Di Nardo G et. al.

Apr 14th, 2014 - To evaluate the usefulness of colonic ultrasonography (US) in assessing the extent and activity of disease in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) and to compare US findings with clinical and endoscopic features. Consecutive pediatric patients (n = 60) with a diagnosis of UC and suspected disease flare-up were prospectively enrolled; of these, 50 patients were eligible for the study. All underwent...

A critical appraisal of neuroimaging studies of bipolar disorder: toward a new conceptu...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4119497
The American Journal of Psychiatry; Phillips ML, Swartz HA

Mar 14th, 2014 - In this critical review, the authors appraise neuroimaging findings in bipolar disorder in emotion-processing, emotion-regulation, and reward-processing neural circuitry in order to synthesize the current knowledge of the neural underpinnings of bipolar disorder and provide a neuroimaging research road map for future studies. The authors examined findings from all major studies in bipolar disor...

The optimal number of biopsy fragments to establish a morphologic diagnosis of eosinoph...
https://doi.org/10.1038/ajg.2013.463
The American Journal of Gastroenterology; Nielsen JA, Lager DJ et. al.

Jan 21st, 2014 - Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is characterized clinically by dysphagia, chest pain, and food impaction, and morphologically by increased numbers of intraepithelial eosinophils and marked basal hyperplasia of the squamous mucosa. The consensus criteria for a diagnosis of EoE include the presence of ≥15 eosinophils/HPF in biopsies from both proximal and distal esophagus in the absence of other c...

Efficacy of dietary interventions for inducing histologic remission in patients with eo...
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2014.02.006
Gastroenterology Arias A, González-Cervera J et. al.

Feb 18th, 2014 - Various dietary interventions have been used to treat patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), yielding varied results. This systematic review assesses the efficacy of different dietary therapies in inducing disease remission. We performed a systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCOPUS databases for studies investigating the efficacy of dietary interventions (reducing infiltration ...

Actionable diagnosis of neuroleptospirosis by next-generation sequencing.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4134948
The New England Journal of Medicine; Wilson MR, Naccache SN et. al.

Jun 4th, 2014 - A 14-year-old boy with severe combined immunodeficiency presented three times to a medical facility over a period of 4 months with fever and headache that progressed to hydrocephalus and status epilepticus necessitating a medically induced coma. Diagnostic workup including brain biopsy was unrevealing. Unbiased next-generation sequencing of the cerebrospinal fluid identified 475 of 3,063,784 se...

Mutant adenosine deaminase 2 in a polyarteritis nodosa vasculopathy.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1307362
The New England Journal of Medicine; Navon Elkan P, Pierce SB et. al.

Feb 20th, 2014 - Polyarteritis nodosa is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis with a pathogenesis that is poorly understood. We identified six families with multiple cases of systemic and cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa, consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. In most cases, onset of the disease occurred during childhood. We carried out exome sequencing in persons from multiply affected families of Georgia...

Pediatric mycosis fungoides in Singapore: a series of 46 children.
https://doi.org/10.1111/pde.12352
Pediatric Dermatology; Heng YK, Koh MJ et. al.

Jun 3rd, 2014 - Few studies have evaluated Asian children with mycosis fungoides (MF). We report a series of patients from a tertiary dermatologic institution in Singapore. A retrospective review was performed of patients younger than 16 years old diagnosed with MF between 2000 and 2008 at the National Skin Centre, Singapore. Forty-six patients were identified. At initial presentation, a provisional diagnosis ...

Clinical picture and treatment of 2212 patients with common variable immunodeficiency.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2013.12.1077
The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; Gathmann B, Mahlaoui N et. al.

Mar 3rd, 2014 - Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is an antibody deficiency with an equal sex distribution and a high variability in clinical presentation. The main features include respiratory tract infections and their associated complications, enteropathy, autoimmunity, and lymphoproliferative disorders. This study analyzes the clinical presentation, association between clinical features, and differen...

Inhibition of the mTORC pathway in the antiphospholipid syndrome.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1312890
The New England Journal of Medicine; Canaud G, Bienaimé F et. al.

Jul 23rd, 2014 - Although thrombosis is considered the cardinal feature of the antiphospholipid syndrome, chronic vascular lesions are common, particularly in patients with life-threatening complications. In patients who require transplantation, vascular lesions often recur. The molecular pathways involved in the vasculopathy of the antiphospholipid syndrome are unknown, and adequate therapies are lacking. We u...

Review article: the management of portal hypertensive gastropathy and gastric antral va...
https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.12824
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics; Patwardhan VR, Cardenas A

Jun 3rd, 2014 - Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) and gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) are important causes of both acute and chronic gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis. To review the current management of PHG and GAVE. PubMed was searched for English language articles using the key words 'GAVE', 'gastric antral vascular ectasia', 'cirrhosis', 'gastrointestinal bleeding', 'acute', '...

A test for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease using nasal brushings.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4186748
The New England Journal of Medicine; Orrú CD, Bongianni M et. al.

Aug 7th, 2014 - Definite diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in living patients remains a challenge. A test that detects the specific marker for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the prion protein (PrP(CJD)), by means of real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) testing of cerebrospinal fluid has a sensitivity of 80 to 90% for the diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. We have assessed the ...

Vulvar cancers in women with vulvar lichen planus: a clinicopathological study.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2014.05.057
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology; Regauer S, Reich O et. al.

Jul 7th, 2014 - Vulvar squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) arising in association with vulvar lichen planus (LP) are poorly documented. We sought to present clinicopathological features of 38 patients (median age 61 years, range 39-90 years) with LP-associated vulvar SCCs. Evaluated were location of vulvar SCC and metastases at presentation, recurrences, survival, precursor lesions, presence of human papillomaviru...

Comparative analysis of rosacea and cutaneous lupus erythematosus: histopathologic feat...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2014.01.892
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology; Brown TT, Choi EY et. al.

Mar 24th, 2014 - Distinction of rosacea and cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE) can be challenging because of significant clinical and histologic overlap. A controlled study comparing these conditions is lacking. We compared the histologic features, T-cell subsets, and plasmacytoid dendritic cells in rosacea and LE. Biopsy specimens of rosacea (n = 27) and facial LE (n = 30) were retrospectively reviewed and rea...

Surveillance for stage I nonseminoma testicular cancer: outcomes and long-term follow-u...
https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2013.53.5831
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Daugaard G, Gundgaard MG et. al.

Sep 30th, 2014 - To describe treatment results in a large cohort with stage I nonseminoma germ cell cancer (NSGCC) treated in a surveillance program. From January 1, 1984, to December 31, 2007, 1,226 patients with stage I NSGCC, including high-risk patients with vascular invasion, were observed in a surveillance program. The relapse rate after orchiectomy alone was 30.6% at 5 years. Presence of vascular invasio...

Dietary elimination therapy is an effective option for adults with eosinophilic esophag...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4102669
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official C... Wolf WA, Jerath MR et. al.

Jan 20th, 2014 - Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated disorder. Food elimination is an established treatment for children, but data in adults are limited. We aimed to determine the response of adults with EoE to dietary therapy. This was a retrospective cohort study using the University of North Carolina EoE database from 2006 to 2012. Subjects were age 18 and older, had EoE by consensus guideli...

Midlife migraine and late-life parkinsonism: AGES-Reykjavik study.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4180488
Neurology Scher AI, Ross GW et. al.

Sep 18th, 2014 - In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that having migraine in middle age is related to late-life parkinsonism and a related disorder, restless legs syndrome (RLS), also known as Willis-Ekbom disease (WED). The AGES-Reykjavik cohort (born 1907-1935) has been followed since 1967. Headaches were classified based on symptoms assessed in middle age. From 2002 to 2006, 5,764 participants wer...

Reticular erythematous mucinosis: histopathological and immunohistochemical features of...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.12654
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venere... Cinotti E, Merlo V et. al.

Aug 4th, 2014 - Reticular erythematous mucinosis (REM) and lupus erythematosus tumidus (LET) share similarities. However, to our knowledge no study extensively compared the histological features of these two conditions. The aim of this study is to compare the histological and immunohistochemical features of REM and LET. We evaluated epidermal thickness, hyperkeratosis, dermo-epidermal junction changes, interst...

Prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in Lynch syndrome assessed by video capsule endoscopy.
https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2014-307348
Gut Haanstra JF, Al-Toma A et. al.

Sep 11th, 2014 - The aim was to determine the prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in asymptomatic patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) by video capsule endoscopy (VCE). After obtaining informed consent, asymptomatic proven gene mutation carriers aged 35-70 years were included in this prospective multicentre study in the Netherlands. Patients with previous small-bowel surgery were excluded. After bowel preparation,...

Long-term results and recurrence patterns from SCALOP: a phase II randomised trial of g...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5482737
British Journal of Cancer; Hurt CN, Falk S et. al.

Apr 4th, 2017 - SCALOP, a randomised, phase II trial, tested the activity and safety of gemcitabine (GEM)-based and capecitabine (CAP)-based chemoradiation (CRT) for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Here we present the long-term outcomes. Eligibility: histologically proven LAPC ⩽7 cm. Following 12 weeks of induction GEMCAP chemotherapy (three cycles: GEM 1000 mg m-2 days 1, 8, 15; CAP 830 mg m-2 days...