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About 44,593 results

The effect of induced hyperammonaemia on sleep and melanopsin-mediated pupillary light ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9518847
PloS One; Kann AE, Ba-Ali S et. al.

Sep 29th, 2022 - Sleep disturbances are related to hepatic encephalopathy and hyperammonaemia in patients with cirrhosis. The circadian rhythm is regulated by light stimulation of the retina via melanopsin-containing ganglion cells. The study aimed to investigate whether induced hyperammonaemia affects the pupillary light response and sleep efficiency in patients with cirrhosis. The study was a single-blinded c...

A critical evaluation of dynamical systems models of bipolar disorder.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9519533
Translational Psychiatry; Nunes A, Singh S et. al.

Sep 29th, 2022 - Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mood disorder involving recurring (hypo)manic and depressive episodes. The inherently temporal nature of BD has inspired its conceptualization using dynamical systems theory, which is a mathematical framework for understanding systems that evolve over time. In this paper, we provide a critical review of the dynamical systems models of BD. Owing to the heterogeneity of...

Association of SARS-CoV-2 Seropositivity With Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and/or Chronic ...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.33454
JAMA Network Open; Sorg AL, Becht S et. al.

Sep 28th, 2022 - During the COVID-19 pandemic, a reduction in quality of life and physical and mental health among children and adolescents has been reported that may be associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection and/or containment measures. To assess the association of SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity with symptoms that may be related to myalgic encephalomyelitis and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) among children and ...

Maternal mental health and breastfeeding amidst the Covid-19 pandemic: cross-sectional ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9511438
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; Nicolás-López M, González-Álvarez P et. al.

Sep 27th, 2022 - Covid-19 pandemic became an unexpected stressor for the entire population and, particularly, for pregnant women and lactating mothers. The alarming infectious risk together with the lockdown period could affect the emotional state of mothers-to-be, as well as breastfeeding rates, mother-baby bonding, or neonatal weight gain. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of this world health e...

Employing cognitive interviewing to evaluate, improve and validate items for measuring ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9512969
BMC Women's Health; Boban SA, Bulsara C et. al.

Sep 27th, 2022 - Use of patient-reported outcome measures in clinical settings facilitate the delivery of better health care to improve patient health outcomes. Previously collected qualitative data indicated themes that could inform items for a health-related quality of life measure. This study investigated the content validity of items for inclusion in a new health-related quality of life measure suitable for...

Mental health in transgender individuals: a systematic review.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2022.2093629
International Review of Psychiatry (Abingdon, England); Pinna F, Paribello P et. al.

Sep 25th, 2022 - Several lines of evidence indicate the prevalence of mental health disorders in Transgender (TG) individuals is higher than that of cisgender individuals or the general population. In this systematic review, we aim to propose a summary of some of the most significant research investigating mental health disorders' prevalence among this population. We performed a double-blind systematic review u...

Serious Games for Executive Functions Training for Adults with Intellectual Disability:...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9517401
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Shapoval S, Gimeno-Santos M et. al.

Sep 24th, 2022 - (1) Background: Throughout the history of medical and psychology practice, specialists have worked to improve the quality of treatment and rehabilitation, which has led to the emergence of concepts such as serious games. These tools focus on different areas of intervention procedures, one of which is to help people with intellectual disability (ID). Individuals with ID have problems with execut...

Psychological Distress in Breast Cancer Patients during the Italian COVID-19 Pandemic.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9517421
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Stanizzo MR, Castelli L et. al.

Sep 24th, 2022 - The emergency caused by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic exacerbated psychological distress. Our aim was to investigate the impact of breast cancer on patients' lives during the Italian lockdown. Sixty-five female breast cancer patients were studied, assessing the level of psychological distress with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the impact of the cancer diagnosis (Impact of Event...

Back to School: Italian Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of COVID-19 on Personal and...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9517635
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Porru A, Dicataldo R et. al.

Sep 24th, 2022 - During the COVID-19 pandemic, continuous closing and reopening of schools may have had an impact on teachers' perception of the risk of contracting SARS-CoV-2 and of the effectiveness of health measures introduced to limit the spread of the virus, with consequences on teaching methods and relational bonds within schools. By means of an online survey, we measured: teachers' stress, job-satisfact...

Eliciting a User's Preferences by the Self-Disclosure of Socially Assistive Robots in L...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9517098
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Igarashi T, Nihei M et. al.

Sep 24th, 2022 - To realize a society in which older adults can live independently in their homes and familiar environments for as long as possible, their lives can be supported by providing appropriate technology. In this case, a new intervention for older people using socially assistive robots (SARs) is proposed; however, previous research has demonstrated that individual differences exist in the use and resp...

Home Office, Health Behavior and Workplace Health Promotion of Employees in the Telecom...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9517243
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Tánczos Z, Zala BB et. al.

Sep 24th, 2022 - Our study aims to present the perception and experiences of employees at a large multinational telecommunications company in Hungary working in home offices, as well as their health behavior and the workplace health promotion during the SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 outbreak. The sample consisted of the full sample of highly skilled employees at a large telecommunication multinational company (N = 46). T...

Cohort profile: pathways to care among people with disorders of sex development (DSD).
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9494584
BMJ Open; Goodman M, Yacoub R et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2022 - The 'DSD Pathways' study was initiated to assess health status and patterns of care among people enrolled in large integrated healthcare systems and diagnosed with conditions comprising the broad category of disorders (differences) of sex development (DSD). The objectives of this communication are to describe methods of cohort ascertainment for two specific DSD conditions-classic congenital adr...

Lived experience of medical management in recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis: a qualita...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9487134
BMC Women's Health; Bradfield Strydom M, Walpola RL et. al.

Sep 20th, 2022 - Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) is experienced by up to 10% of pre-menopausal women globally, yet there is limited research exploring the perspective of women living with this challenging condition. Semi-structured interviews with Australian women experiencing RVVC were conducted between April-July 2021. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and qualitative interpretative phenomenolog...

"I would watch her with awe as she swallowed the first handful": A qualitative study of...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9481007
PloS One; Misra S, Misra N et. al.

Sep 17th, 2022 - There are limited data on the experiences of children being treated for drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), and most work in the area has been done with older children and adolescents. Comprehensive explorations of the caregiver experiences in this area are also lacking. To describe the experiences of being treated for drug-resistant tuberculosis of children and their caregivers. This was a qu...

Health-related quality of life from 20 to 32 years of age in very low birth weight indi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9476299
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes; Berdal EK, Wollum AEK et. al.

Sep 15th, 2022 - Preterm birth with very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight < 1500 g) is associated with health problems later in life. How VLBW individuals perceive their physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important to understand their putative burden of disease. Previous studies have shown mixed results, and longitudinal studies into adulthood have been requested. This study aimed...

Self-reported Illness Experiences and Psychosocial Outcomes for Reservation-Area Americ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9475383
JAMA Network Open; Stanley LR, Crabtree MA et. al.

Sep 15th, 2022 - Impacts of COVID-19 on reservation-area American Indian youth are unknown and may be substantial owing to the significant COVID-19 morbidity and mortality experienced by American Indian populations. To measure self-reported illness experiences and changes in psychosocial factors during the COVID-19 pandemic among reservation-area American Indian youth. This cross-sectional study included a rand...

Autistic children and adolescents with frequent restricted interest and repetitive beha...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9471034
BMC Psychiatry; Tamon H, Itahashi T et. al.

Sep 15th, 2022 - The public health measures enacted in order to control the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic have caused considerable changes to daily life. For autistic children and adolescents, adapting to the "new normal," including mask-wearing, may be difficult because of their restricted interest and repetitive behavior (RRB) characteristics. We aimed to examine the relationships between RRB charac...

Assessment of the validity and feasibility of a novel virtual reality test of emotion r...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2022.09.004
Journal of Affective Disorders; Kjærstad HL, Hellum KS et. al.

Sep 12th, 2022 - Emotion dysregulation has been suggested as an endophenotype of bipolar disorder (BD). Neuroimaging studies show aberrant neural activity during emotion regulation in remitted patients with BD and their unaffected first-degree relatives (UR) compared to healthy controls (HC). However, behavioural studies produce conflicting - generally negative findings - possibly due to limited sensitivity and...

Assessment of Psychosocial Factors in Brazilian Dentists Facing Risk of SARS-CoV-2 Infe...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9518344
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Bertevello R, Capela IRTCDS et. al.

Sep 10th, 2022 - Dentists are at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection due to their close proximity to patients. Thus, the fear of contamination or spreading the virus to family members, coupled with financial need, can lead professionals to experience significant overload and psychological suffering. We investigated the perceptions of dental professionals in the public and private sectors regarding fear and anxiet...

The Pictorial Screening Memory Test (P-MIS) for Adults with Moderate Intellectual Disab...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9518372
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Rodríguez-Hidalgo E, García-Alba J et. al.

Sep 10th, 2022 - In this study, we examined normative data and diagnostic accuracy of a pictorial screening test to detect memory impairment for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in Spanish-speaking adults with intellectual disability (ID). A total of 94 volunteers with ID (60 controls, 17 MCI, and 17 AD), were evaluated by neuropsychological tests including the PMIS-ID in a cross-sec...