×
About 17,100 results

Zambia Assessment of Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV in the Mines (ZATHIM): implications for ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9018205
BMC Public Health; Podewils LJ, Long EF et. al.

Apr 21st, 2022 - Mineworkers in Southern Africa have the highest rates of tuberculosis (TB) among working populations in the world (The World Bank, Benefits and costs associated with reducing tuberculosis among Southern Africa's mineworkers, 2014), making mineworkers a key population for TB program efforts. The current evaluation aimed to characterize mineworkers and former (ex-) mineworkers, and assess knowled...

Hospitalization of Infants and Children Aged 0-4 Years with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8942304
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Marks KJ, Whitaker M et. al.

Mar 18th, 2022 - The B.1.1.529 (Omicron) variant of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has been the predominant circulating variant in the United States since late December 2021.* Coinciding with increased Omicron circulation, COVID-19-associated hospitalization rates increased rapidly among infants and children aged 0-4 years, a group not yet eligible for vaccination (1). Coronavirus Disease 19-Associ...

A Malaria Vaccine for Africa - An Important Step in a Century-Long Quest.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp2116591
The New England Journal of Medicine; Alonso PL, O'Brien KL

Mar 12th, 2022 - A Malaria Vaccine for Africa - An Important Step in a Century-Long Quest.|2022|Alonso PL,O'Brien KL,|mortality,prevention & control,prevention & control,trends,history,

Hospitalizations and Mortality From Non-SARS-CoV-2 Causes Among Medicare Beneficiaries ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8908076
JAMA Network Open; Dang A, Thakker R et. al.

Mar 10th, 2022 - The increased hospital mortality rates from non-SARS-CoV-2 causes during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic are incompletely characterized. To describe changes in mortality rates after hospitalization for non-SARS-CoV-2 conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic and how mortality varies by characteristics of the admission and hospital. Retrospective cohort study from January 2019 through September 2021 using...

Applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, and ...
https://doi.org/10.3233/CBM-210301
Cancer Biomarkers : Section A of Disease Markers; Mikdadi D, O'Connell KA et. al.

Feb 26th, 2022 - Artificial intelligence (AI), including machine learning (ML) and deep learning, has the potential to revolutionize biomedical research. Defined as the ability to "mimic" human intelligence by machines executing trained algorithms, AI methods are deployed for biomarker discovery. We detail the advancements and challenges in the use of AI for biomarker discovery in ovarian and pancreatic cancer....

Histoplasmosis in Africa: Current perspectives, knowledge gaps, and research priorities.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8870498
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Ocansey BK, Kosmidis C et. al.

Feb 25th, 2022 - Histoplasmosis is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. The 2 variants Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum (Hcc) and Histoplasma capsulatum var. duboisii (Hcd) causes infection in humans and commonly termed classical or American histoplasmosis and African histoplasmosis, respectively. Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum (Hcf) af...

Hospitalizations of Children and Adolescents with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID...
https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7107e4
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Marks KJ, Whitaker M et. al.

Feb 18th, 2022 - The first U.S. case of COVID-19 attributed to the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) was reported on December 1, 2021 (1), and by the week ending December 25, 2021, Omicron was the predominant circulating variant in the United States.* Although COVID-19-associated hospitalizations are more frequent among adults,† COVID-19 can lead to severe outcomes in children and a...

Secondary primary malignancy in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: 27...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8846538
PloS One; Wang SW, Chan LP et. al.

Feb 16th, 2022 - The survival rate of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients with secondary primary malignancy (SPM) showed no significant improvement for decades, however, the impact of advances in diagnostic tools is rarely mentioned. This study investigated the clinical characteristic of HNSCC with SPM over a 27-year period especially from the perspective of diagnostic tools. This study evalu...

Trends in Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsies in Patients With Inflammatory Breast Cancer in t...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8837909
JAMA Network Open; Sosa A, Lei X et. al.

Feb 12th, 2022 - The standard of care for inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is neoadjuvant chemotherapy, total mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), and postmastectomy radiation therapy. Existing studies suggest that sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) may not be reliable in IBC. The use and frequency of SLNB in women with IBC is not well characterized. To determine the frequency and temporal tren...

Progress Toward Rubella and Congenital Rubella Syndrome Control and Elimination - World...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8830626
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Zimmerman LA, Knapp JK et. al.

Feb 11th, 2022 - Rubella virus is a leading cause of vaccine-preventable birth defects and can cause epidemics. Although rubella virus infection usually produces a mild febrile rash illness in children and adults, infection during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can result in miscarriage, fetal death, stillbirth, or an infant born with a constellation of birth defects known as congenital rubel...

A method for estimating the impact of new vaccine technologies on vaccination coverage ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8830667
PloS One; Davis B, Krautmann M et. al.

Feb 11th, 2022 - Vaccines are one of the most cost-effective tools for improving human health and well-being. The impact of a vaccine on population health is partly determined by its coverage rate, the proportion of eligible individuals vaccinated. Coverage rate is a function of the vaccine presentation and the population in which that presentation is deployed. This population includes not only the individuals ...

SARS-CoV-2 Prevention Measures Concomitantly Attenuate Methicillin-Resistant Staphyloco...
https://doi.org/10.1177/00099228211067898
Clinical Pediatrics; Dalabih A, Young HL et. al.

Feb 9th, 2022 - SARS-CoV-2 Prevention Measures Concomitantly Attenuate Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection Rates.|2022|Dalabih A,Young HL,Frenner RA,Stroud MH,Boyanton BL,|epidemiology,epidemiology,prevention & control,methods,standards,trends,pathogenicity,methods,standards,trends,epidemiology,prevention & control,

Clinical evaluation of flat peripheral curve design with aspherical-curve and multi-cur...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8824338
PloS One; Kumanomido T, Kamiya K et. al.

Feb 9th, 2022 - Aspherical- and multi-curve rigid gas-permeable hard contact lenses (HCLs) have a flattened curve in the peripheral zone and are mostly used for patients with keratoconus who cannot wear glasses, soft contact lenses, or spherical HCLs. In this retrospective study, a total of 95 eyes of 77 patients who used aspherical- or multi-curve HCLs (mean age: 40.0 ± 11.0 years) were evaluated. This study ...

Intergeneration transfer of diet patterns? Parental self-report of diet and their repor...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8824362
PloS One; Kranz S, Lukacs J et. al.

Feb 9th, 2022 - Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects two percent of American children and often results in neophobia, hypersensitivity to foods, and firmly set food preferences, leading to higher proportions of individuals suffering from diet-related chronic diseases. Our objective was to conduct an explorative pilot study to examine parents' perception of food intake for themselves and their young adult chi...

Impact of Next Generation Sequencing in Unraveling the Genetics of 1036 Spanish Familie...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8819279
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Del Pozo-Valero M, Riveiro-Alvarez R et. al.

Feb 5th, 2022 - To assess the potential of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies to characterize cases diagnosed with autosomal recessive (ar) or sporadic (s) macular dystrophies (ar/sMD) and describe their mutational spectrum. A cohort of 1036 families was classified according to their suspected clinical diagnosis-Stargardt disease (STGD), cone and cone-rod dystrophy (CCRD) or other maculopathies (oth...

Detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection prevalence in 860 cancer patients with a combined scr...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8809545
PloS One; Candoni A, Petruzzellis G et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2022 - Even if now we have available the weapon of vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, the patients with cancer remains a very frail population in which frequently the immunologic response to vaccination may be impaired. In this setting, the SARS-CoV-2 infection screening retains a great value. However, there are still limited data on the feasibility and efficacy of combined screening procedures to assess...

The impact of COVID-19 on the dental hygienists: A cross-sectional study in the Lombard...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8809622
PloS One; Varoni EM, Cinquanta L et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2022 - The impact of COVID-19 on socio-economical activities has changed everyday life. Dental hygienists, who perform aerosol generating procedures, have been strongly affected by changes in routine procedures. This cross-sectional study aimed at carrying out an online survey among dental hygienists in Lombardy. The survey was implemented after the first-wave lockdown focusing on the level of knowled...

People's perceptions of, willingness-to-take preventive remedies and their willingness-...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8809555
PloS One; Bearth A, Berthold A et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2022 - Pandemics, such as the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, represents a health threat to humans worldwide. During times of heightened health risks, the public's perceptions, and acceptance of evidence-based preventive measures, such as vaccines, is of high relevance. Moreover, people might seek other preventive remedies to protect themselves from getting infected (e.g., herbal remedies, nutritional su...

Update on the Features and Measurements of Experimental Acute Lung Injury in Animals: A...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8845128
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology; Kulkarni HS, Lee JS et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2022 - Advancements in methods, technology, and our understanding of the pathobiology of lung injury have created the need to update the definition of experimental acute lung injury (ALI). We queried 50 participants with expertise in ALI and acute respiratory distress syndrome using a Delphi method composed of a series of electronic surveys and a virtual workshop. We propose that ALI presents as a "mu...

Consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on lung cancer care and patient health in a Germa...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8799980
Respiratory Research; Walter J, Sellmer L et. al.

Jan 31st, 2022 - The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has caused a global COVID-19 pandemic, leading to worldwide changes in public health measures. In addition to changes in the public sector (lockdowns, contact restrictions), hospitals modified care to minimize risk of infection and to mobilize resources for COVID-19 patients. Our study aimed to assess the impact of these measures on access to care and behaviour ...