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About 46,058 results

Population-Based Surveillance of Birth Defects Potentially Related to Zika Virus Infect...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5812309
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Delaney A, Mai C et. al.

Jan 25th, 2018 - Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects, including microcephaly and brain abnormalities (1). Population-based birth defects surveillance systems are critical to monitor all infants and fetuses with birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection, regardless of known exposure or laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. CDC analyzed dat...

BK polyoma virus nephropathy in the native kidney.
https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfs537
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publicat... Sharma SG, Nickeleit V et. al.

Dec 19th, 2012 - While BK polyoma virus nephropathy (PVN) is a well-recognized cause of renal allograft dysfunction, PVN of native kidneys is likely under-recognized. We present the pathologic features, risk factors and outcomes of eight cases of PVN in native kidneys. The cohort included eight males aged 16-73 years (mean 47.4) with an immunocompromised state (mean duration 3.15 years) attributable to: hematol...

Clinicopathologic Features of Hydroa Vacciniforme-Like Lymphoma: A Series of 9 Patients.
https://doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0000000000000385
The American Journal of Dermatopathology; Magaña M, Massone C et. al.

Sep 14th, 2015 - Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoma is a recently recognized cutaneous T-cell lymphoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus. The disease is observed in children of Latin American or Asian ethnicity. The authors report the clinical, histopathological, and immunophenotypical features of 9 new Mexican patients (M:F = 2:1; mean age, 14.5 years; median age, 13.3 years; age range, 4-27 years), expanding ...

Human papillomavirus outcomes in an access-to-care laryngeal cancer cohort.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3728652
Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal ... Stephen JK, Chen KM et. al.

Jan 23rd, 2012 - Human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly HPV16, is a causative agent for 25% of head and neck squamous cell cancer, including laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LSCC). HPV-positive (HPV+ve) patients, particularly those with oropharyngeal SCC, have improved prognosis. For LSCC patients, this remains to be established. The goal was to determine stage and survival outcomes in LSCC in the context of H...

Role of fomites in SARS transmission during the largest hospital outbreak in Hong Kong.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5519164
PloS One; Xiao S, Li Y et. al.

Jul 20th, 2017 - The epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had a significant effect on global society in the early 2000s and the potential of its resurgence exists. Studies on the modes of transmission of SARS are limited though a number of outbreak studies have revealed the possible airborne route. To develop more specific and effective control strategies, we conducted a detailed mechanism-based...

The increasing burden of HIV-associated malignancies in resource-limited regions.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-050409-103711
Annual Review of Medicine; Casper C

Sep 27th, 2010 - Cancer is increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection in both resource-rich and resource-limited areas. The traditional AIDS-defining cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma, cervical cancer, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, have become common comorbidities afflicting HIV-positive individuals and lack adequate prevention and management options. Additionally, several non-AIDS-defining cancers ...

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Caused by Maripa Virus in French Guiana, 2008-2016.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5621545
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Matheus S, Kallel H et. al.

Sep 20th, 2017 - We report 5 human cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome found during surveillance in French Guiana in 2008-2016; of the 5 patients, 4 died. This pathogen should continue to be monitored in humans and rodents in effort to reduce the occurrence of these lethal infections in humans stemming from ecosystem disturbances.

Prevalence of HIV Infection among U.S. Hodgkin lymphoma cases.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3946161
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publicat... Shiels MS, Koritzinsky EH et. al.

Dec 11th, 2013 - Hodgkin lymphoma is uncommon in the U.S. general population; however, Hodgkin lymphoma risk is elevated in people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Thus, despite the low HIV prevalence in the United States, the HIV epidemic may have contributed substantially to the general population burden of Hodgkin lymphoma. We used data from 14 U.S. cancer registries in the Surveillance, Ep...

Randomized, comparative, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter trial of miconazole bu...
https://doi.org/10.1310/hct1104-186
HIV Clinical Trials; Vazquez JA, Patton LL et. al.

Oct 26th, 2010 - Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is the most common opportunistic infection among persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Once-daily miconazole 50 mg buccal tablet (MBT) is a novel delivery system using an extended-spectrum azole with potent in vitro activity against many Candida species, including some that may be resistant to other azoles. This phase 3, double-blind, double-d...

Determinants of survival in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2777072
Neurology Marzocchetti A, Tompkins T et. al.

Nov 10th, 2009 - We sought to characterize the role of immunologic, virologic, and radiologic determinants of survival in patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). We recorded the clinical outcome of 60 patients with PML (73% HIV+) who were prospectively evaluated between 2000 and 2007 for the presence of JC virus (JCV)-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) in blood. Estimated probab...

Inactivated poliovirus vaccine given alone or in a sequential schedule with bivalent or...
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00219-4
The Lancet. Infectious Diseases; O'Ryan M, Bandyopadhyay AS et. al.

Aug 31st, 2015 - Bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (bOPV; types 1 and 3) is expected to replace trivalent OPV (tOPV) globally by April, 2016, preceded by the introduction of at least one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) in routine immunisation programmes to eliminate vaccine-associated or vaccine-derived poliomyelitis from serotype 2 poliovirus. Because data are needed on sequential IPV-bOPV schedule...

Clinical features of cytomegalovirus anterior uveitis in immunocompetent patients.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2007.12.015
American Journal of Ophthalmology; Chee SP, Bacsal K et. al.

Feb 7th, 2008 - To describe the clinical presentation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) anterior uveitis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients. Retrospective, interventional case series. HIV-negative patients with anterior uveitis associated with elevated intraocular pressure (hypertensive anterior uveitis) seen at the Singapore National Eye Centre had their aqueous analyzed for viral deoxyribonucleic...

One hundred and five Kaposi sarcoma patients: a clinical study in Xinjiang, Northwest o...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.12349
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venere... Wu XJ, Pu XM et. al.

Oct 28th, 2014 - Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an unusual illness that may be associated with human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) infections, and appears mainly in Jews, Italians and Greeks. There is a lack of patient data in Xinjiang regarding the clinical characteristics of KS. To review the clinical characteristics of a series of patients with KS in Xinjiang, Northwest China, over 16-year period. A retrospective analysi...

Chikungunya infection in Malaysia: comparison with dengue infection in adults and predi...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2012.10.019
Journal of Clinical Virology : the Official Publication O... Mohd Zim MA, Sam IC et. al.

Dec 3rd, 2012 - Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) co-circulate in areas endemic with the Aedes mosquito vectors. Both viruses cause similar illnesses which may be difficult to distinguish clinically. CHIKV is also associated with persistent arthralgia. To compare and describe factors which differentiate between DENV and CHIKV infections on presentation; and to describe predictors of persistent ...

Cholangiolocellular carcinoma: an innocent-looking malignant liver tumor mimicking duct...
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1272838
Seminars in Liver Disease; Sempoux C, Fan C et. al.

Feb 23rd, 2011 - The authors present an interesting case of a 60-year-old man who underwent right hepatectomy for a diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on a background of noncirrhotic chronic hepatitis C. Pathologic examination confirmed the presence of HCC near the porta hepatis, which invaded the right portal vein branch. In addition, a well-demarcated 13.5 × 7.8 × 4.0 cm yellow and firm area upstream...

Insight into the frequent occurrence of dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt-Jakob d...
https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2012-304850
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry; Hamaguchi T, Sakai K et. al.

Apr 18th, 2013 - More than 60% of patients worldwide with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) associated with dura mater graft (dCJD) have been diagnosed in Japan. The remarkable frequency of dura mater grafts in Japan may possibly contribute to the elevated incidence of dCJD, but reasons for the disproportionate use of this procedure in Japan remain unclear. We investigated differences between dCJD patients in Jap...

Consumption of n-3 fatty acids and fish reduces risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2012.02.018
Gastroenterology Sawada N, Inoue M et. al.

Feb 21st, 2012 - Fish is a rich source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Although consumption of fish and n-3 PUFA has been reported to protect against the development of some types of cancer, little is known about its association with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We investigated the association betwee...

Early effect of the HPV vaccination programme on cervical abnormalities in Victoria, Au...
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60551-5
Lancet (London, England); Brotherton JM, Fridman M et. al.

Jun 20th, 2011 - Australia introduced a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme with the quadrivalent HPV vaccine for all women aged 12-26 years between 2007 and 2009. We analysed trends in cervical abnormalities in women in Victoria, Australia, before and after introduction of the vaccination programme. With data from the Victorian Cervical Cytology Registry between 2003 and 2009, we compared the inci...

Hepatocellular carcinoma and other liver disease among Greenlanders chronically infecte...
https://doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djr405
Journal of the National Cancer Institute; Børresen ML, Koch A et. al.

Oct 24th, 2011 - In Greenland, the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen carriers, reflecting chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, is 5%-10%. However, the incidence of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in this population has been reported to be low. We investigated this discrepancy in a large population-based cohort study. In total, 8879 Greenlanders (16% of the population) were recruited for pop...

Testing for Zika virus infection in pregnancy: key concepts to deal with an emerging ep...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2017.01.020
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Eppes C, Rac M et. al.

Jan 27th, 2017 - Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne (Aedes genus) arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family. Following epidemics in Micronesia and French Polynesia during the past decade, more recent Zika virus infection outbreaks were first reported in South America as early as May 2013 and spread to now 50 countries throughout the Americas. Although no other flavivirus has previously been known to cause majo...