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About 321,618 results

Influenza and Tdap Vaccination Coverage Among Pregnant Women - United States, April 2018.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188122
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Kahn KE, Black CL et. al.

Sep 27th, 2018 - Vaccinating pregnant women with influenza and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines can reduce the risk for influenza and pertussis for themselves and their infants. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all women who are or might be pregnant during the influenza season receive influenza vaccine, which can be adminis...

IVF Transfer of Fresh or Frozen Embryos in Women without Polycystic Ovaries.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1703768
The New England Journal of Medicine; Vuong LN, Dang VQ et. al.

Jan 10th, 2018 - Among women who are undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), the transfer of frozen embryos has been shown to result in a higher rate of live birth than the transfer of fresh embryos in those with infertility associated with the polycystic ovary syndrome. It is not known whether frozen-embryo transfer results in similar benefit in women with infertility that is not associated with the polycysti...

Birth Outcomes for Pregnant Women with HIV Using Tenofovir-Emtricitabine.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984044
The New England Journal of Medicine; Rough K, Seage GR et. al.

Apr 25th, 2018 - In a previous trial of antiretroviral therapy (ART) involving pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, those randomly assigned to receive tenofovir, emtricitabine, and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (TDF-FTC-LPV/r) had infants at greater risk for very premature birth and death within 14 days after delivery than those assigned to receive zidovudine, lamivudine, and ritonavi...

Risk of post-pregnancy hypertension in women with a history of hypertensive disorders o...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5506851
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Behrens I, Basit S et. al.

Jul 13th, 2017 - Objectives To determine how soon after delivery the risk of post-pregnancy hypertension increases in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and how the risk evolves over time.Design Nationwide register based cohort study.Setting Denmark.Populations 482 972 primiparous women with a first live birth or stillbirth between 1995 and 2012 (cumulative incidence analyses), and 1 025 118 women w...

Labor Induction versus Expectant Management in Low-Risk Nulliparous Women.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6186292
The New England Journal of Medicine; Grobman WA, Rice MM et. al.

Aug 8th, 2018 - The perinatal and maternal consequences of induction of labor at 39 weeks among low-risk nulliparous women are uncertain. In this multicenter trial, we randomly assigned low-risk nulliparous women who were at 38 weeks 0 days to 38 weeks 6 days of gestation to labor induction at 39 weeks 0 days to 39 weeks 4 days or to expectant management. The primary outcome was a composite of perinatal death ...

Pregnancy outcome following in utero exposure to lithium: a prospective, comparative, o...
https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.12111402
The American Journal of Psychiatry; Diav-Citrin O, Shechtman S et. al.

May 1st, 2014 - The authors conducted a prospective, comparative observational study to evaluate the risk of major anomalies following exposure to lithium during pregnancy. A total of 183 lithium-exposed pregnancies of women who contacted the Israeli Teratology Information Service were followed up (90.2% in the first trimester) and compared with 72 disease-matched and 748 nonteratogenic-exposed pregnancies. Th...

Ulipristal acetate for emergency contraception: postmarketing experience after use by m...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2014.01.003
Contraception Levy DP, Jager M et. al.

Feb 10th, 2014 - To describe the safety of ulipristal acetate in emergency contraception. Postmarketing pharmacovigilance data collection. A total of 553 women experienced 1049 adverse drug reactions. The most frequent (n,%) were pregnancies (282, 6.8%); nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting (139, 13.3%); headache, dizziness (67, 6.4%); and metrorrhagia, menses delay and breast symptoms (84, 8.0%). Including data...

Risk of cerebral arteriovenous malformation rupture during pregnancy and puerperium.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4035708
Neurology Liu XJ, Wang S et. al.

Apr 24th, 2014 - To determine whether the risk of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) rupture is increased during pregnancy and puerperium. Participants included 979 female patients with intracranial AVM admitted to Beijing Tiantan Hospital between 1960 and 2010. Two neurosurgery residents reviewed medical records for each case. Of them, 393 patients with ruptured AVM between 18 and 40 years of age were used for c...

Subclinical thyroid disease.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60276-6
Lancet (London, England); Cooper DS, Biondi B

Jan 25th, 2012 - Subclinical thyroid diseases--subclinical hyperthyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism--are common clinical entities that encompass mild degrees of thyroid dysfunction. The clinical significance of mild thyroid overactivity and underactivity is uncertain, which has led to controversy over the appropriateness of diagnostic testing and possible treatment. In this Seminar, we discuss the definit...

Breastfeeding in children of women taking antiepileptic drugs: cognitive outcomes at ag...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4122685
JAMA Pediatrics; Meador KJ, Baker GA et. al.

Jun 17th, 2014 - Breastfeeding is known to have beneficial effects, but concern exists that breastfeeding during maternal antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy may be harmful. We previously noted no adverse effects of breastfeeding associated with AED use on IQ at age 3 years, but IQ at age 6 years is more predictive of school performance and adult abilities. To examine the effects of AED exposure via breastfeeding ...

Prevention of vertical transmission of hepatitis B: an observational study.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4086733
Annals of Internal Medicine; Kubo A, Shlager L et. al.

May 27th, 2014 - For mothers with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends immunoprophylaxis to decrease perinatal transmission. However, its effectiveness and risk factors for failure have not been well-studied in community practice. To investigate the effectiveness of a contemporary immunoprophylaxis protocol. Observational study. An HBV perinatal im...

Vitamin C supplementation for pregnant smoking women and pulmonary function in their ne...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4296045
JAMA McEvoy CT, Schilling D et. al.

May 19th, 2014 - Maternal smoking during pregnancy adversely affects offspring lung development, with lifelong decreases in pulmonary function and increased asthma risk. In a primate model, vitamin C blocked some of the in-utero effects of nicotine on lung development and offspring pulmonary function. To determine if newborns of pregnant smokers randomized to receive daily vitamin C would have improved results ...

Antidepressant use in pregnancy and the risk of cardiac defects.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4062924
The New England Journal of Medicine; Huybrechts KF, Palmsten K et. al.

Jun 18th, 2014 - Whether the use of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other antidepressants during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of congenital cardiac defects is uncertain. In particular, there are concerns about a possible association between paroxetine use and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction and between sertraline use and ventricular septal defects. We performed ...

Effectiveness of maternal pertussis vaccination in England: an observational study.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60686-3
Lancet (London, England); Amirthalingam G, Andrews N et. al.

Jul 19th, 2014 - In October, 2012, a pertussis vaccination programme for pregnant women was introduced in response to an outbreak across England. We aimed to assess the vaccine effectiveness and the overall effect of the vaccine programme in preventing pertussis in infants. We undertook an analysis of laboratory-confirmed cases and hospital admissions for pertussis in infants between Jan 1, 2008, and Sept 30, 2...

Re-evaluation of link between interpregnancy interval and adverse birth outcomes: retro...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4137882
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Ball SJ, Pereira G et. al.

Jul 24th, 2014 - To re-evaluate the causal effect of interpregnancy interval on adverse birth outcomes, on the basis that previous studies relying on between mother comparisons may have inadequately adjusted for confounding by maternal risk factors. Retrospective cohort study using conditional logistic regression (matching two intervals per mother so each mother acts as her own control) to model the incidence o...

Pregnancy incidence and outcomes among women receiving preexposure prophylaxis for HIV ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4362516
JAMA Mugo NR, Hong T et. al.

Jul 19th, 2014 - Antiretroviral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), using tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and combination emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC+TDF), is efficacious for prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition. PrEP could reduce periconception HIV risk, but the effect on pregnancy outcomes is not well defined. To assess pregnancy incidence and outcomes among women ...

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and pregnancy: presentation, management, and subseq...
https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2014-02-553131
Blood Scully M, Thomas M et. al.

May 26th, 2014 - Pregnancy can precipitate thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). We present a prospective study of TTP cases from the United Kingdom Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (UK TTP) Registry with clinical and laboratory data from the largest cohort of pregnancy-associated TTP and describe management through pregnancy, averting fetal loss and maternal complications. Thirty-five women presented w...

Antepartum dalteparin versus no antepartum dalteparin for the prevention of pregnancy c...
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60793-5
Lancet (London, England); Rodger MA, Hague WM et. al.

Jul 29th, 2014 - Thrombophilias are common disorders that increase the risk of pregnancy-associated venous thromboembolism and pregnancy loss and can also increase the risk of placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (severe pre-eclampsia, small-for-gestational-age infants, and placental abruption). We postulated that antepartum dalteparin would reduce these complications in pregnant women with thrombophilia. ...

Neonatal vitamin K refusal and nonimmunization.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-1092
Pediatrics Sahni V, Lai FY et. al.

Aug 19th, 2014 - Neonatal Vitamin K prophylaxis is an effective intervention for reducing vitamin K deficiency bleeding. A recently published report of parental refusal of vitamin K prompted an investigation of the prevalence and characteristics of this group, and exploration of whether these same parents were likely to subsequently refuse immunization for their children. We conducted a retrospective population...

Prenatal antidepressant exposure is associated with risk for attention-deficit hyperact...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4427538
Molecular Psychiatry; Clements CC, Castro VM et. al.

Aug 26th, 2014 - Previous studies suggested that risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be increased in children exposed to antidepressants during the prenatal period. The disease specificity of this risk has not been addressed and the possibility of confounding has not been excluded. Children with ASD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) delivered in a large New England health-care system we...