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About 228,710 results

Increased age and race-specific incidence of cervical cancer after correction for hyste...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4073302
Cancer Rositch AF, Nowak RG et. al.

May 13th, 2014 - Invasive cervical cancer is thought to decline in women over 65 years old, the age at which cessation of routine cervical cancer screening is recommended. However, national cervical cancer incidence rates do not account for the high prevalence of hysterectomy in the United States. Using estimates of hysterectomy prevalence from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), hysterectom...

Prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents from 2001 to 2009.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4368900
JAMA Dabelea D, Mayer-Davis EJ et. al.

May 5th, 2014 - Despite concern about an "epidemic," there are limited data on trends in prevalence of either type 1 or type 2 diabetes across US race and ethnic groups. To estimate changes in the prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in US youth, by sex, age, and race/ethnicity between 2001 and 2009. Case patients were ascertained in 4 geographic areas and 1 managed health care plan. The study population w...

Increased prevalence of celiac disease among pediatric patients with irritable bowel sy...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4984
JAMA Pediatrics; Cristofori F, Fontana C et. al.

Apr 23rd, 2014 - Recurrent abdominal pain is a prevalent health issue in childhood. Clinical criteria (ie, the Rome criteria) have been established to aid diagnosis. Studies of adults have shown an increased prevalence of celiac disease among patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); few data are available with regard to children. To assess the prevalence of celiac disease among children with abdominal pain...

Association of traumatic brain injuries with vomiting in children with blunt head trauma.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.01.009
Annals of Emergency Medicine; Dayan PS, Holmes JF et. al.

Feb 24th, 2014 - We aimed to determine the prevalence of traumatic brain injuries in children who vomit after minor blunt head trauma, particularly when the vomiting occurs without other findings suggestive of traumatic brain injury (ie, isolated vomiting). We also aimed to determine the relationship between the timing and degree of vomiting and traumatic brain injury prevalence. This was a secondary analysis o...

Syphilis predicts HIV incidence among men and transgender women who have sex with men i...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4166980
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Solomon MM, Mayer KH et. al.

Jun 14th, 2014 - Syphilis infection may potentiate transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We sought to determine the extent to which HIV acquisition was associated with syphilis infection within an HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) trial and whether emtricitabine/tenofovir (FTC/TDF) modified that association. The Preexposure Prophylaxis Initiative (iPrEx) study randomly assigned 2499 HIV-seronegat...

Effects of sex on coronary microvascular dysfunction and cardiac outcomes.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4076200
Circulation Murthy VL, Naya M et. al.

May 2nd, 2014 - Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is a prevalent and prognostically important finding in patients with symptoms suggestive of coronary artery disease. The relative extent to which CMD affects both sexes is largely unknown. We investigated 405 men and 813 women who were referred for evaluation of suspected coronary artery disease with no previous history of coronary artery disease and no ...

Uterine pathology in women undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomy using morcellation.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4231432
JAMA Wright JD, Tergas AI et. al.

Jul 22nd, 2014 - Uterine pathology in women undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomy using morcellation.|2014|Wright JD,Tergas AI,Burke WM,Cui RR,Ananth CV,|methods,statistics & numerical data,statistics & numerical data,methods,statistics & numerical data,epidemiology,diagnosis,epidemiology,pathology,

Hookah use among U.S. high school seniors.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4531275
Pediatrics Palamar JJ, Zhou S et. al.

Jul 8th, 2014 - Prevalence of hookah use is increasing significantly among adolescents. This study aimed to delineate demographic and socioeconomic correlates of hookah use among high school seniors in the United States. We hypothesized that more impoverished adolescents and those who smoked cigarettes would be more likely to use hookahs. Data were examined for 5540 high school seniors in Monitoring the Future...

Musculoskeletal complications in type 1 diabetes.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4067398
Diabetes Care; Larkin ME, Barnie A et. al.

Apr 11th, 2014 - The development of periarticular thickening of skin on the hands and limited joint mobility (cheiroarthropathy) is associated with diabetes and can lead to significant disability. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of cheiroarthropathy in the well-characterized Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) c...

Alopecia and nail changes associated with voriconazole therapy.
https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciu275
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Malani AN, Kerr L et. al.

May 23rd, 2014 - Voriconazole was 1 of 2 antifungal agents recommended for treatment of fungal infections associated with injection of contaminated methylprednisolone. Alopecia and nail changes are not commonly reported side effects of voriconazole. Having noted increasing hair loss among our patients treated with voriconazole, we sought to determine the prevalence and characteristics of alopecia associated wit...

Is polycystic ovary syndrome another risk factor for venous thromboembolism? United Sta...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4408606
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Okoroh EM, Hooper WC et. al.

Sep 10th, 2012 - We sought to determine prevalence and likelihood of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We performed a cross-sectional analysis using Thomson Reuters MarketScan Commercial databases for the years 2003 through 2008. The association between VTE and PCOS among women aged 18-45 years was assessed using age-stratified multivariable logistic reg...

Biopsy-proven acute interstitial nephritis, 1993-2011: a case series.
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2014.04.027
American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journa... Muriithi AK, Leung N et. al.

Jun 14th, 2014 - Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is an important cause of acute kidney injury, especially in hospitalized patients. The cause and outcome of AIN, particularly that due to drugs, is changing with prevalent medication use. The effectiveness of steroids for treatment of AIN is debated. Case series. 133 patients with biopsy-proven AIN from 1993 through 2011 at a single center. Recovery of kidney ...

Prison tobacco control policies and deaths from smoking in United States prisons: popul...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4122735
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Binswanger IA, Carson EA et. al.

Aug 6th, 2014 - To determine the mortality attributable to smoking and years of potential life lost from smoking among people in prison and whether bans on smoking in prison are associated with reductions in smoking related deaths. Analysis of cross sectional survey data with the smoking attributable mortality, morbidity, and economic costs system; population based time series analysis. All state prisons in th...

Isolated loss of consciousness in children with minor blunt head trauma.
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.361
JAMA Pediatrics; Lee LK, Monroe D et. al.

Jul 8th, 2014 - A history of loss of consciousness (LOC) is frequently a driving factor for computed tomography use in the emergency department evaluation of children with blunt head trauma. Computed tomography carries a nonnegligible risk for lethal radiation-induced malignancy. The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) derived 2 age-specific prediction rules with 6 variables for clinical...

The evolution of sexual dysfunction in young men aged 18-25 years.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.05.014
The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication O... Akre C, Berchtold A et. al.

Jul 19th, 2014 - To assess the evolution of sexual dysfunctions among young males after an average of 15 months follow-up to determine the predictive factors for this evolution and the characteristics differentiating young males who continue reporting a sexual dysfunction from those who do not. We conducted a prospective cohort study in two Swiss military recruitment centers mandatory for all Swiss national mal...

Prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in Lynch syndrome assessed by video capsule endoscopy.
https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2014-307348
Gut Haanstra JF, Al-Toma A et. al.

Sep 11th, 2014 - The aim was to determine the prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in asymptomatic patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) by video capsule endoscopy (VCE). After obtaining informed consent, asymptomatic proven gene mutation carriers aged 35-70 years were included in this prospective multicentre study in the Netherlands. Patients with previous small-bowel surgery were excluded. After bowel preparation,...

Parity, lactation, and breast cancer subtypes in African American women: results from t...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4271113
Journal of the National Cancer Institute; Palmer JR, Viscidi E et. al.

Sep 16th, 2014 - African American (AA) women have a disproportionately high incidence of estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) breast cancer, a subtype with a largely unexplained etiology. Because childbearing patterns also differ by race/ethnicity, with higher parity and a lower prevalence of lactation in AA women, we investigated the relation of parity and lactation to risk of specific breast cancer subtypes. Ques...

Associations between trends in race/ethnicity, aging, and body mass index with diabetes...
https://doi.org/10.7326/M14-0286
Annals of Internal Medicine; Menke A, Rust KF et. al.

Sep 2nd, 2014 - The increase in the prevalence of diabetes over the past few decades has coincided with an increase in certain risk factors for diabetes, such as a changing race/ethnicity distribution, an aging population, and a rising obesity prevalence. To determine the extent to which the increase in diabetes prevalence is explained by changing distributions of race/ethnicity, age, and obesity prevalence in...

Opioid Use Disorder Documented at Delivery Hospitalization - United States, 1999-2014.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6089335
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Haight SC, Ko JY et. al.

Aug 9th, 2018 - Opioid use by pregnant women represents a significant public health concern given the association of opioid exposure and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, including preterm labor, stillbirth, neonatal abstinence syndrome, and maternal mortality (1,2). State-level actions are critical to curbing the opioid epidemic through programs and policies to reduce use of prescription opioids and ill...

Children with atopic dermatitis may have unacknowledged contact allergies contributing ...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.14737
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venere... Simonsen AB, Johansen JD et. al.

Dec 9th, 2017 - Whether children with atopic dermatitis have an altered risk of contact allergy than children without atopic dermatitis is frequently debated and studies have been conflicting. Theoretically, the impaired skin barrier in atopic dermatitis (AD) facilitates the penetration of potential allergens and several authors have highlighted the risk of underestimating and overlooking contact allergy in ch...