The Lancet. Neurology; Brown JWL, Cunniffe NG et. al.
Aug 22nd, 2021 - Progressive disability in multiple sclerosis occurs because CNS axons degenerate as a late consequence of demyelination. In animals, retinoic acid receptor RXR-gamma agonists promote remyelination. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of a non-selective retinoid X receptor agonist in promoting remyelination in people with multiple sclerosis. This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controll...
Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands); Cao ZR, Chen XP et. al.
Aug 6th, 2021 - Objectives: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a malignant tumor of the blood system. Gö6976, as a type of indolocarbazole and shows strong antitumor effects, but there have been no reports on the effect of Gö6976 on CML. The objectives of this research were: (1) to explore the impact of Gö6976 on CML in vitro and in vivo; and (2) to explore the drug toxicity of Gö6976 to normal cells and animal...
Molecular Medicine Reports; Hu F, Dong X et. al.
Jul 31st, 2021 - Inflammation and oxidative stress have indispensable roles in the development of acute lung injury (ALI). MicroRNA (miRNA/miR)‑351‑5p was initially identified as a myogenesis‑associated miRNA; however, its role in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced ALI remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role and potential mechanisms of miR‑351‑5p in ALI. ALI was induced through a...
Nature Communications; Wang K, Donnelly CR et. al.
Jul 29th, 2021 - Patients with advanced stage cancers frequently suffer from severe pain as a result of bone metastasis and bone destruction, for which there is no efficacious treatment. Here, using multiple mouse models of bone cancer, we report that agonists of the immune regulator STING (stimulator of interferon genes) confer remarkable protection against cancer pain, bone destruction, and local tumor burden...
Annals of Hematology; Grainger JD, Kühne T et. al.
Jul 27th, 2021 - Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a disease of heterogenous origin characterized by low platelet counts and an increased bleeding tendency. Three disease phases have been described: newly diagnosed (≤ 3 months after diagnosis), persistent (> 3-12 months after diagnosis), and chronic (> 12 months after diagnosis). The majority of children with ITP have short-lived disease and will not need treatm...
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; Venezia O, Islam S et. al.
Jul 25th, 2021 - Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors that regulate processes such as lipid and glucose metabolism. Synthetic PPAR ligands, designed as therapeutics for metabolic disease, provide a tool to assess the relationship between PPAR activity and pancreas development in vivo, an area that remains poorly characterized. Here, we aim to assess the effects of PPAR a...
Nature Communications; Geuijen C, Tacken P et. al.
Jul 23rd, 2021 - Immune checkpoint inhibitors demonstrate clinical activity in many tumor types, however, only a fraction of patients benefit. Combining CD137 agonists with these inhibitors increases anti-tumor activity preclinically, but attempts to translate these observations to the clinic have been hampered by systemic toxicity. Here we describe a human CD137xPD-L1 bispecific antibody, MCLA-145, identified ...
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Nature Chen J, Ou Y et. al.
Jul 23rd, 2021 - The mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) controls cell growth in response to amino acid levels1. Here we report SAR1B as a leucine sensor that regulates mTORC1 signalling in response to intracellular levels of leucine. Under conditions of leucine deficiency, SAR1B inhibits mTORC1 by physically targeting its activator GATOR2. In conditions of leucine sufficiency, SAR1B binds to leucine, undergoes a conformat...
Nature Communications; Jeong SH, Yang MJ et. al.
Jul 22nd, 2021 - Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) promotes anti-tumour immunity by linking innate and adaptive immunity, but it remains unclear how intratumoural treatment with STING agonists yields anti-tumour effects. Here we demonstrate that intratumoural injection of the STING agonist cGAMP induces strong, rapid, and selective apoptosis of tumour endothelial cells (ECs) in implanted LLC tumour, melano...
Nature Communications; Yang Y, Csakai A et. al.
Jul 18th, 2021 - Small-molecule modulators of TLR8 have drawn much interests as it plays pivotal roles in the innate immune response to single-stranded RNAs (ssRNAs) derived from viruses. However, their clinical uses are limited because they can invoke an uncontrolled, global inflammatory response. The efforts described herein culminate in the fortuitous discovery of a tetrasubstituted imidazole CU-CPD107 which...
Journal of Neuroimmunology; Flannery LE, Kerr DM et. al.
Jul 16th, 2021 - Increasing evidence suggests that SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, is associated with increased risk of developing neurological or psychiatric conditions such as depression, anxiety or dementia. While the precise mechanism underlying this association is unknown, aberrant activation of toll-like receptor (TLR)3, a viral recognizing pattern recognition receptor, may pl...
Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands); Skopec B, Sninska Z et. al.
Jul 10th, 2021 - The objective of this analysis was to assess the effectiveness and safety of romiplostim in the real-world by duration of primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP): <3 ('newly diagnosed'), 3-12 ('persistent'), and >12 ('chronic') months. This was a post-hoc analysis of the PLATON single-arm, observational cohort study of adults from five Central and Eastern European countries receiving ≥1 romiplost...3>
Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs; Flintoff J, Kesby JP et. al.
Jul 3rd, 2021 - Schizophrenia is a neuropsychiatric disorder that affects approximately 1% of individuals worldwide. There are no available medications to treat cognitive impairment in this patient population currently. Preclinical evidence suggests that glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) improve cognitive function. There is a need to evaluate how GLP-1 RAs alter specific domains of cognitio...
JAMA Lee M, Ovbiagele B et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2021 - Intensive Medical Management to Prevent Large and Small Artery Atherothrombotic Stroke: Time to Expand the Horizon.|2021|Lee M,Ovbiagele B,Saver JL,|analogs & derivatives,blood,therapeutic use,therapeutic use,agonists,drug therapy,therapeutic use,therapeutic use,prevention & control,
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Psychopharmacology Liu C, Cheng ZY et. al.
Jun 27th, 2021 - Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive cognitive dysfunction and memory impairment. G protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) is expressed in brain in addition to periphery and is associated with cognitive function such as space orientation, memory, and learning. However, the effects and mechanisms of GPR40 agonist in improving the AD progr...
The New England Journal of Medicine; Frías JP, Davies MJ et. al.
Jun 26th, 2021 - Tirzepatide is a dual glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist that is under development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The efficacy and safety of once-weekly tirzepatide as compared with semaglutide, a selective GLP-1 receptor agonist, are unknown. In an open-label, 40-week, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned 1879 patients, in a ...
Nature Communications; Bhowmik S, Galeta J et. al.
Jun 24th, 2021 - Mitragynine (MG) is the most abundant alkaloid component of the psychoactive plant material "kratom", which according to numerous anecdotal reports shows efficacy in self-medication for pain syndromes, depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders. We have developed a synthetic method for selective functionalization of the unexplored C11 position of the MG scaffold (C6 position in indole num...
JAMA Yanovski SZ, Yanovski JA
Jun 24th, 2021 - Progress in Pharmacotherapy for Obesity.|2021|Yanovski SZ,Yanovski JA,|therapeutic use,therapeutic use,agonists,therapeutic use,drug therapy,
JAMA Abbasi J
Jun 24th, 2021 - Semaglutide's Success Could Usher in a "New Dawn" for Obesity Treatment.|2021|Abbasi J,|therapeutic use,agonists,therapeutic use,drug therapy,
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology; Raj R, Elshimy G et. al.
Jun 23rd, 2021 - We aimed to review of literature on the clinical presentation, management and outcomes of pituitary apoplexy following gonadotrophic release hormone (GnRH) agonist administration for the treatment of prostate cancer. We used PRISMA guidelines for our systematic review and included all English language original articles on pituitary apoplexy following GnRH agonist administration among prostate c...