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About 461,370 results

Advanced technology for type 1 diabetes care in a deaf-mute patient.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-245336
BMJ Case Reports; Pintaudi B, Nani A et. al.

Jan 19th, 2022 - A 48-year-old deaf-mute man attending our outpatient clinic for long-term severely decompensated type 1 diabetes (mean glycated haemoglobin over 100 mmol/mol) has proved to be the best candidate for the beneficial implant of a next-generation closed loop insulin pump featuring a new refined auto-correction algorithm. The patient had already worn a stand-alone real-time continuous glucose monito...

A multicenter study of hemodialysis using individualized dialysate potassium concentrat...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-3030
Annals of Palliative Medicine; He H, Wu J et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Dialysate potassium concentration directly affects the serum potassium level and safety of hemodialysis patients. In most dialysis centers in China, a single dialysate potassium concentration is used for dialysis, but there is no data on whether this is reasonable or not. Serum potassium values before and after dialysis in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients between 2019 and 2020 were colle...

Correlation between air temperature, air pollutants, and the incidence of coronary hear...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-3212
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Huang J, Yang Z

Jan 13th, 2022 - The concentration of air pollutants is affected by changes in climatic conditions. Air temperature is a main factor affecting the concentration of air pollutants. This study sought to examine the relationship between air temperature, air pollutants, and their interactions in elderly patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Liaoning Province, China. The population data primarily comprised d...

Evaluating In Silico the Potential Health and Environmental Benefits of Houseplant Vola...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8751036
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Roviello V, Scognamiglio PL et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - The practice of spending time in green areas to gain the health benefits provided by trees is well known, especially in Asia, as 'forest bathing', and the consequent protective and experimentally detectable effects on the human body have been linked to the biogenic volatile organic compounds released by plants. Houseplants are common in houses over the globe and are particularly appreciated for...

Sorption of SARS-CoV-2 Virus Particles to the Surface of Microplastics Released during ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8750602
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Belišová N, Konečná B et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - The research aims at washing processes as possible sources of microplastics, specifical microfibers in wastewater, and the behavior of the virus particles SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater after the washing process as well as their ability to sorb to the surface of microfibers, released from washing processes. The conclusions of the research point to the ability of the virus to attach to possible solid ...

Intervention of an Upgraded Ventilation System and Effects of the COVID-19 Lockdown on ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744564
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Clegg M, Thornes JE et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - High NO2 concentrations (long term average of 383 µg/m3 in 2016/2017) recorded at Birmingham New Street railway station have resulted in the upgrade of the bi-directional fan system to aid wind dispersion within the enclosed platform environment. This paper attempts to examine how successful this intervention has been in improving air quality for both passengers and workers within the station. ...

Assessment of Meteorological Variables and Air Pollution Affecting COVID-19 Cases in Ur...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744893
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Zhao M, Liu Y et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become a severe public health and social problem worldwide. A limitation of the existing literature is that multiple environmental variables have not been frequently elaborated, which is why the overall effect of the environment on COVID-19 has not been conclusive. In this study, we used generalized additive model (GAM) to detect the relationshi...

The Social and Natural Environment's Impact on SARS-CoV-2 Infections in the UK Biobank.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744630
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Scalsky RJ, Chen YJ et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - COVID-19 has caused a global pandemic with considerable impact. Studies have examined the influence of socioeconomic status and air pollution on COVID-19 risk but in low detail. This study seeks to further elucidate the nuances of socioeconomic status, as defined by the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD), air pollution, and their relationship. We examined the effect of IMD and air pollution on...

COVID-19 and Air Pollution: A Spatial Analysis of Particulate Matter Concentration and ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744860
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Bossak BH, Andritsch S

Jan 12th, 2022 - In 2019, a novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, was first reported in Wuhan, China. The virus causes the disease commonly known as COVID-19, and, since its emergence, it has infected over 252 million individuals globally and taken the lives of over 5 million in the same time span. Primary research on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 focused on understanding the biomolecular composition of the virus. This rese...

Immunogenicity of the COVID-19 Two-Vaccination Series Among Hematologic Malignancies: R...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744183
Cancer Control : Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center; Pasikhova Y, Morrison AR et. al.

Jan 11th, 2022 - Data is limited on the immunogenicity of the COVID-19 two-vaccination series among patients with hematologic malignancies and current guidelines do not recommend routine monitoring for post-vaccine antibodies. However, we describe three patients who developed severe or critical COVID-19 infections six months after vaccination. This highlights the importance of routine testing of COVID-19 IgG Sp...

Long-read transcriptome sequencing provides insight into lignan biosynthesis during fru...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742460
BMC Genomics; Hong CP, Kim CK et. al.

Jan 9th, 2022 - Schisandra chinensis, an ancient member of the most basal angiosperm lineage which is known as the ANITA, is a fruit-bearing vine with the pharmacological effects of a multidrug system, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, neuroprotective, anti-osteoporosis effects. Its major bioactive compound is represented by lignans such as schisandrin. Molecular characterization of lig...

D-dimer level significance for deep vein thrombosis screening in the third trimester: a...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742329
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; Miyamoto K, Komatsu H et. al.

Jan 9th, 2022 - Venous thromboembolism often develops after surgery and childbirth, resulting in death in some cases. Although early deep vein thrombosis (DVT) detection can predict pulmonary thromboembolism, there is no early screening method for DVT in pregnant women. Lack of consensus regarding significance or setting and cut-off value interpretation of D-dimer levels further impedes venous thromboembolism ...

Clinical sign and biomarker-based algorithm to identify bacterial pneumonia among outpa...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8735728
BMC Infectious Diseases; Hogendoorn SKL, Lhopitallier L et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - Inappropriate antibiotics use in lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) is a major contributor to resistance. We aimed to design an algorithm based on clinical signs and host biomarkers to identify bacterial community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among patients with LRTI. Participants with LRTI were selected in a prospective cohort of febrile (≥ 38 °C) adults presenting to outpatient clinics in ...

Prevalence and aetiologies of anaemia among first trimester pregnant women in Sri Lanka...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8734253
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; Amarasinghe GS, Agampodi TC et. al.

Jan 7th, 2022 - The Sustainable development goals, which focus strongly on equity, aim to end all forms of malnutrition by 2030. However, a significant cause of intergenerational transfer of malnutrition, anaemia in pregnancy, is still a challenge. It is especially so in the low- and middle-income settings where possible context-specific aetiologies leading to anaemia have been poorly explored. This study expl...

Avian haemosporidian parasites of accipitriform raptors.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8729155
Malaria Journal; Harl J, Himmel T et. al.

Jan 7th, 2022 - The order Accipitriformes comprises the largest group of birds of prey with 260 species in four families. So far, 21 haemosporidian parasite species have been described from or reported to occur in accipitriform birds. Only five of these parasite species have been characterized molecular genetically. The first part of this study involved molecular genetic screening of accipitriform raptors from...

Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of monocyte distribution width and procalcitonin ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8725440
BMC Infectious Diseases; Li CH, Seak CJ et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - Early diagnosis and treatment of patients with sepsis reduce mortality significantly. In terms of exploring new diagnostic tools of sepsis, monocyte distribution width (MDW), as part of the white blood cell (WBC) differential count, was first reported in 2017. MDW greater than 20 and abnormal WBC count together provided a satisfactory accuracy and was proposed as a novel diagnostic tool of seps...

Plasmodium falciparum histidine rich protein 2 (pfhrp2): an additional genetic marker s...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8725490
Malaria Journal; Atroosh WM, Lau YL et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - Genotyping of the three Plasmodium falciparum polymorphic genes, msp1, msp2 and glurp, has been adopted as a standard strategy to distinguish recrudescence from new infection in drug efficacy clinical trials. However, the suitability of a particular gene is compromised in areas where its allelic variants distribution is significantly skewed, a phenomenon that might occur in isolated parasite po...

Genetic identification of bat species for pathogen surveillance across France.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8726466
PloS One; Arnaout Y, Djelouadji Z et. al.

Jan 5th, 2022 - With more than 1400 chiropteran species identified to date, bats comprise one-fifth of all mammalian species worldwide. Many studies have associated viral zoonoses with 45 different species of bats in the EU, which cluster within 5 families of bats. For example, the Serotine bats are infected by European Bat 1 Lyssavirus throughout Europe while Myotis bats are shown infected by coronavirus, her...

Association of Acute Respiratory Infections with Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Fuel...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8718271
Journal of Environmental and Public Health; Addisu A, Getahun T et. al.

Jan 4th, 2022 - Most of the households in developing countries burn biomass fuel in traditional stoves with incomplete combustion that leads to high indoor air pollution and acute respiratory infections. Acute respiratory infection is the most common cause of under-five morbidity and mortality accounting for 2 million deaths worldwide and responsible for 18% of deaths among under-five children in Ethiopia. Alt...

Effects of aging and reduction processes on Cr toxicity to wheat root elongation in Cr(...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118784
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Yang Y, Peng Y et. al.

Jan 4th, 2022 - The bioavailability of chromium (Cr) in soils is highly dependent on Cr fractions and soil physicochemical properties, but it is still unclear how the Cr fractions change in different soils. In this study, phytotoxicity to wheat root elongation was evaluated in different soils across China, and the kinetics of the biogeochemical processes of the added Cr(VI) were examined. After 105 days of soi...