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Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2058895-overview

Jul 12th, 2021 - Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children The antibiotic prophylactic regimens below are recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) only for patients with underlying cardiac conditions associated with the highest risk of adverse outcome from infective endocarditis (IE). [1, 2, 3, 4] Risk factors for developing IE include: [4] Heart valve disease Previous heart valve surgery Congenital heart d...

Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2058895-overview

Jul 12th, 2021 - Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children The antibiotic prophylactic regimens below are recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) only for patients with underlying cardiac conditions associated with the highest risk of adverse outcome from infective endocarditis (IE). [1, 2, 3, 4] Risk factors for developing IE include: [4] Heart valve disease Previous heart valve surgery Congenital heart d...

Trends in Antiretroviral Therapy Eligibility and Coverage Among Children Aged 15 Years with HIV Infection — 20 PEPFAR-Supported Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2012–2016
https://WWW.CDC.GOV/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6719a4.htm?s_cid=mm6719a4_w

Jan 1st, 2018 - Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged 1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated ...

Trends in Antiretroviral Therapy Eligibility and Coverage Among Children Aged 15 Years with HIV Infection — 20 PEPFAR-Supported Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2012–2016
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6719a4.htm?s_cid=mm6719a4_w

Jan 1st, 2018 - Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged 1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated ...

QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Teens Aged 4–17 Years Ever Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), by Sex and Urbanization of County of Residence — National Health In...
https://WWW.CDC.GOV/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6623a7.htm?s_cid=mm6623a7_w

Jan 1st, 2017 - During 2013−2015, the percentage of children and teens aged 4–17 years who had ever received a diagnosis of ADHD was significantly higher among boys than among girls within all urbanization levels.

QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Teens Aged 4–17 Years Ever Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), by Sex and Urbanization of County of Residence — National Health In...
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6623a7.htm?s_cid=mm6623a7_w

Jan 1st, 2017 - During 2013−2015, the percentage of children and teens aged 4–17 years who had ever received a diagnosis of ADHD was significantly higher among boys than among girls within all urbanization levels.

US Adults' Perceptions About the Harms of Nicotine in Electronic Vapor Products on the Adolescent Brain, United States, 2016–2017
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928028

Abstract and Introduction Abstract We used data from the 2016 and 2017 SummerStyles survey (N = 4,186 and 4,066, respectively) to assess US adults' perceptions about the harms of nicotine in electronic vapor products (EVP) to the developing adolescent brain. Of respondents in 2016, 68.5% agreed exposure to nicotine in EVP was harmful, and of respondents in 2017, 62.6% agreed (P < .001). This ag...

Intranasal Dexmedetomidine Is an Effective Sedative Agent for Electroencephalography in Children
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928032

Abstract and Introduction Abstract Background: Intranasal dexmedetomidine (DEX), as a novel sedation method, has been used in many clinical examinations of infants and children. However, the safety and efficacy of this method for electroencephalography (EEG) in children is limited. In this study, we performed a large-scale clinical case analysis of patients who received this sedation method. Th...

EMA Restricts Fosfomycin Use Following Evidence Review
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928066

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has recommended a number of changes regarding the use of fosfomycin-based antibiotics, including recommending the suspension of use of pediatric and intramuscular formulations, following a review by the EMA's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP). Fosfomycin-based antibiotics have been available since the 1960s, but their use has decreased in ...

Paternal Acitretin Exposure Not Tied to Malformations in Offspring
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928078

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - The psoriasis drug acitretin is highly teratogenic before and during pregnancy, but paternal exposure appears to have no such impact, according to Danish researchers. "Lack of knowledge regarding the fetal safety of a drug will often lead to concern among soon-to-be parents, and increase the risk of discontinuation of an otherwise safe and effective drug treatment an...

COVID-19 Less Severe in Children, Yet Questions for Pediatricians Remain
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928238

FROM JAMA PEDIATRICS COVID-19 is less severe in children, compared with adults, early data suggest. "Yet many questions remain, especially regarding the effects on children with special health care needs," according to a viewpoint recently published in JAMA Pediatrics. The COVID-19 pandemic also raises questions about clinic visits for healthy children in communities with widespread transmissio...

Keeping Kids Mentally Healthy During a Pandemic
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928331

The parent of a normally healthy, happy kindergartener whom you've cared for since birth calls. Her child is refusing to go outside of the home because he is scared of "the virus." This is not your only patient with behaviors or somatic complaints that are out of character during normal times. What do you do? We spoke with John D. Guerry, PhD, a clinical psychologist at Children's Hospital of P...

Childhood IBD Tied to Higher Cancer Risk Later
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928364

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and in particular Crohn's disease (CD), are at an elevated risk of developing cancer in adulthood, according to researchers in Canada. As Dr. Wael El-Matary of the University of Manitoba, in Winnipeg, told Reuters Health by email, "Our study showed children diagnosed with IBD have a twofold increase in the chance of dev...

Helping Our Kids Deal With COVID-19: 5 Tips
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928439

Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. This transcript has been edited for clarity. Mark A. Lewis, MD: This is Mark Lewis for Medscape Oncology. I'm very privileged to be speaking with my wife, Stasha Lewis, MD, an urgent care pediatrician in Salt Lake City, Utah, about one of the issues affecting dual-physician couples during the coronavirus pande...

Reduced Infant Antibiotic Use Tied to Lower Childhood Asthma Incidence
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928489

(Reuters Health) - Reduced incidence of pediatric asthma in recent years might be an unexpected benefit of prudent antibiotic use during infancy, a population-based prospective cohort analysis in Canada suggests. Researchers used administrative data from British Columbia on annual rates of antibiotic prescriptions and asthma diagnoses, to assess the association between antibiotic prescribing be...

COVID-19 Diary Day 6: Clinicians' Choices Shouldn't Be Judged
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928529

Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Yesterday we celebrated the 12th birthday of my twins. We had a special dinner before we sang "Happy Birthday," ate cake (which I made myself!), and opened presents. There were no other family and friends at our house because of COVID-19. The absence of one particular woman was painfully obvious. My mother-in-...

Pandemic Brings Financial Trouble for Many Doctors
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928588

Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's  Coronavirus Resource Center. An irony about COVID-19 — the greatest public health threat in a century — is that many doctors' offices are now basically empty. The pandemic has led to much lower patient volumes for physicians across Georgia. A lot of people have stopped going to the doctor. "It happened almost overnight," s...

FDA Approves Koselugo for Pediatric Neurofibromatosis Treatment
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928598

The Food and Drug Administration has approved selumetinib for the treatment of pediatric patients aged 2 years and older with type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1) with symptomatic, inoperable plexiform neurofibromas. FDA approval was based on results from the phase 2 SPRINT Stratum 1 trial, in which 50 patients with NF1 received selumetinib as twice-daily oral monotherapy. Of this group, 33 (66%) pat...

Guidance on Infant Symptoms, Cow's Milk Allergy Not Evidence-Based
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928660

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Guidelines that suggest managing crying, vomiting and other common infant symptoms as cow's milk allergy (CMA) are not based on evidence, especially those suggesting that breastfeeding women exclude dairy products to address these symptoms, according to a new report. "The level of cow's milk protein in human breastmilk of a women consuming large quantities of dairy f...

On the Front Line, COVID-19 Has Them Scared to Go Home
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/928788

Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. A Boston-area firefighter moved into a Harvard University dorm to protect his wife and two children. An emergency room doctor sent his wife and four kids to live with her parents, so he won't risk bringing COVID-19 home. Another strips in the garage, throws his clothes right into the washing mac...