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About 6,163 results

Highly processed foods form bulk of U.S. youths' diets
https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/highly-processed-foods-form-bulk-us-youths-diets

Aug 24th, 2021 - Over the past 2 decades, childhood obesity has risen steadily. About 20% of youth aged 2 to 19 are now considered obese. Many societal trends have contributed to this rise, including reductions in physical activity and changes in diet. Previous research has suggested that “ultra-processed” foods may directly contribute to weight gain. These foods contain ingredients rarely found in home cooking...

Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2058895-overview

Jul 12th, 2021 - Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children The antibiotic prophylactic regimens below are recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) only for patients with underlying cardiac conditions associated with the highest risk of adverse outcome from infective endocarditis (IE). [1, 2, 3, 4] Risk factors for developing IE include: [4] Heart valve disease Previous heart valve surgery Congenital heart d...

Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2058895-overview

Jul 12th, 2021 - Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Children The antibiotic prophylactic regimens below are recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) only for patients with underlying cardiac conditions associated with the highest risk of adverse outcome from infective endocarditis (IE). [1, 2, 3, 4] Risk factors for developing IE include: [4] Heart valve disease Previous heart valve surgery Congenital heart d...

Education programs may improve young children’s asthma control
https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/education-programs-may-improve-young-childrens-asthma-control

Oct 20th, 2020 - Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases affecting children in the U.S. About 5.5 million children currently live with the condition, which inflames and narrows the airways. Symptoms may include coughing, wheezing, tightness in the chest, and shortness of breath. Every year, 1 in 6 children with asthma visit an emergency department, and 1 in 20 will be hospitalized due to severe asthma...

Trends in Antiretroviral Therapy Eligibility and Coverage Among Children Aged 15 Years with HIV Infection — 20 PEPFAR-Supported Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2012–2016
https://WWW.CDC.GOV/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6719a4.htm?s_cid=mm6719a4_w

Jan 1st, 2018 - Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged 1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated ...

Trends in Antiretroviral Therapy Eligibility and Coverage Among Children Aged 15 Years with HIV Infection — 20 PEPFAR-Supported Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2012–2016
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6719a4.htm?s_cid=mm6719a4_w

Jan 1st, 2018 - Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged 1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated ...

QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Teens Aged 4–17 Years Ever Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), by Sex and Urbanization of County of Residence — National Health In...
https://WWW.CDC.GOV/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6623a7.htm?s_cid=mm6623a7_w

Jan 1st, 2017 - During 2013−2015, the percentage of children and teens aged 4–17 years who had ever received a diagnosis of ADHD was significantly higher among boys than among girls within all urbanization levels.

QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Teens Aged 4–17 Years Ever Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), by Sex and Urbanization of County of Residence — National Health In...
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6623a7.htm?s_cid=mm6623a7_w

Jan 1st, 2017 - During 2013−2015, the percentage of children and teens aged 4–17 years who had ever received a diagnosis of ADHD was significantly higher among boys than among girls within all urbanization levels.

CAR T-cells Are Durable, Drive Pediatric ALL Away
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/836867

SAN FRANCISCO — More and longer-term data on chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell engineering for the treatment of pediatric leukemia were presented here at the American Society of Hematology (ASH) 56th Annual Meeting. As the results continue to shine, words like "seismic shift" and "sea change" were bandied about at the meeting as potentially applying to the experimental technology and its i...

Violent Video Games Can Increase Aggression
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/411773

New York (MedscapeWire) Apr 24 - Playing violent video games like Doom, Wolfenstein 3D, or Mortal Combat can increase a person's aggressive thoughts, feelings, and behavior both in laboratory settings and in actual life, according to 2 studies appearing in the April issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Furthermore, violent video games may be more harmful than violent telev...

A Millennium of Advancement in Medical Knowledge and Education
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/414663

Introduction At the dawn of the second millennium, medicine was a primitive art, based more on superstition than on empirical observation. Over the past thousand years, innumerable advances have been made in the fields of knowledge which are now accepted as basic to modern Western medicine. Before examining advances in medicine per se, 2 cardinal events provided the context within which specifi...

A Comprehensive Review of MDMA and GHB: Two Common Club Drugs
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/418321

Abstract and Introduction Abstract "Club drugs" have become alarmingly popular. The use of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy) and -hydroxybutyrate (GHB), in particular, has increased dramatically from 1997-1999. The pharmacokinetics of MDMA and GHB appear to be nonlinear, making it difficult to estimate a dose-response relationship. The drug MDMA is an amphetamine analog with sym...

Disorders of Pubertal Development: Precocious Puberty
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/468259

Abstract and Introduction Abstract Puberty is a complex developmental process culminating in sexual maturity. This transitional period begins in late childhood and is characterized by maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics, acceleration of growth, and, ultimately, the capacity for fertility. Significant endocrinologic changes ac...

CPAP vs Intubation and Mechanical Ventilation for Preterm Infants
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/575816

Nasal CPAP or Intubation at Birth for Very Preterm Infants Morley CJ, Davis PG, Doyle LW, Brion LP, Hascoet J, Carlin JB, for the COIN Trial Investigators N Engl J Med. 2008;358:700-708 The authors note that despite advances in neonatal care for premature infants, the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not improved. Previous evidence had suggested that some infants who required v...

Are Babies by Design in Our Future?
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/576152

Abstract Advances in genomic science and reproductive medicine are hastening the day when parents will be able to select or design desired traits for their children. This possibility raises a series of challenging questions: will our ability to choose our children's biological inheritance deform parenting? Will it diminish children's freedom by making them creatures of their parents' whims? Wil...

Nurses' Role in Children's Environmental Health Protection
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/581629

Abstract and Introduction Abstract There is a growing body of evidence regarding the presence of toxic pollutants in the air, water, soil, food, and indoor environments, and the health effects of these pollutants on humans. Children have special vulnerabilities to environmental risks in their homes, schools, and communities. Children´s susceptibility to environmental risks stem from biological,...

Evidence-based Assessment of Pediatric Pain
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/584206

Abstract and Introduction Abstract Objective: To conduct an evidence-based review of pediatric pain measures. Methods: Seventeen measures were examined, spanning pain intensity self-report, questionnaires and diaries, and behavioral observations. Measures were classified as "Well-established," "Approaching well-established," or "Promising" according to established criteria. Information was high...

Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/408128

Introduction Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation may finally end America's "don't ask, don't tell" policy on the country's cuisine. In his first book, Schlosser, a correspondent for The Atlantic Monthly, looks at the machinery behind the making of french fries, burgers, and other favorites. The result is a fascinating, exhaustive polemic that calls on readers to connect some of the most vexing pu...

New Hope for Morbid Obesity
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/434000

NEW YORK (MedscapeWire) May 23 — Two approaches to morbid obesity presented on May 20 and May 22 at Digestive Disease Week in San Francisco, California, offer new hope of limiting this burgeoning epidemic. One study suggests that bariatric surgery is as safe in adolescents as it is in adults. The other indicates that an intragastric balloon may help improve outcome or obviate the need for surge...

Hypopituitarism in Childhood
https://emedicine.medscape.com/viewarticle/438527

Abstract and Introduction Abstract Background: Childhood hypopituitarism may be present at birth or may be acquired. Early diagnosis and treatment promote the best possible outcomes. Methods: The anatomy, etiologies, clinical presentation, diagnostic testing strategies, and current treatments relevant to childhood hypopituitarism are reviewed. Results: Children with congenital hypopituitarism m...