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About 1,379,510 results

A case report of an ischaemic stroke, caused by a primary cardiac intimal sarcoma.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9893665
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders; Lloyd J, Gilliat N et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2023 - Intimal sarcomas are an extremely rare type of primary cardiac malignancy. They most commonly present with symptoms of cardiac dysfunction. We present a case of intimal sarcoma identified without any cardiac signs or symptoms. Cardiac sarcomas historically carry a very poor prognosis. A 57-year-old man presented with a sudden onset of left limb weakness and disorientation. MRI brain identified ...

A human T-lymphotropic virus-1 carrier who developed progressive multifocal leukoenceph...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9893603
BMC Neurology; Nagahori T, Shiraishi W et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2023 - Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a devastating demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system caused by opportunistic infection of the JC virus (JCV). A 58-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital for aphasia. She had a 5-year history of untreated sarcoidosis and was a human T cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) carrier. Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme, s...

Prevalence, severity, and associated factors of depression in newly diagnosed people li...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9890688
BMC Psychiatry; Madundo K, Knettel BA et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2023 - Depression is particularly common among people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), with some studies showing a prevalence of depression three times higher among people living with HIV as compared to the general public. The stress associated with being diagnosed with HIV can be quite impactful, including concerns about one's long-term health, stigma, and the burden of long-term treat...

Fetal demise and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome in a patient with hyperemesis gravidarum: ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9893614
Journal of Medical Case Reports; Olmsted A, DeSimone A et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2023 - Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency composed of two related disorders accounting for an acute presentation and chronic progression. Hyperemesis gravidarum presents a significant risk factor for Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome as symptoms may rapidly progress in the setting of pregnancy. We present the first-reported case of hyperemesis-gravidarum...

Comparison of in-hospital outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in elders...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9893615
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery; Zhang RJ, Yu XY et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2023 - We aimed to identify in-hospital outcomes in young (≤ 65 years) and old (> 65 years) patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) by analyzing the effect of age on adverse events after on-pump or off-pump CABG. Patients older than 65 years were defined as older patients and others were defined as younger patients. The qualitative data were compared by chi-square or Fisher's exact tests...

Impact of total cerebral small vessel disease score on ophthalmic artery morphologies a...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9890861
Journal of Translational Medicine; Wang JL, Cheng XR et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2023 - Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a systemic disease, affecting not only the brain, but also eyes and other organs. The total CSVD score is a tool for comprehensive evaluation of brain lesions in patients with CSVD. The ophthalmic artery (OA) is a direct response to ocular blood flow. However, little is known about the correlation between CSVD and characteristics of OA. We investigated th...

One-year change in handgrip strength in patients with hip fracture: a prospective compa...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9893558
BMC Geriatrics; Kim CH, Han J et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2023 - Handgrip strength (HGS) has been adopted as one of the diagnostic tools for sarcopenia and is gaining attention because of its association with osteoporotic hip fractures. Longitudinal data of HGS at multiple follow-up intervals in older hip fractures are lacking. We aimed to investigate and compare the HGS changes in patients with hip fracture within 1-year with those in patients with hip dise...

Protocol for a confirmatory trial of the effectiveness and safety of palliative arteria...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-023-10538-6
BMC Cancer; Zenda S, Arai Y et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) has long been used for hemostasis of traumatic or postoperative hemorrhage and embolization of tumors. Previous retrospective studies of TAE for painful bone metastases showed 60%-80% pain reduction with a median time to response of 1-2 days. Compared with radiotherapy and bisphosphonates, time to response appeared earlier than that of radiotherapy or b...

The association between liver fibrosis and depression in patients after ischemic stroke.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-023-03091-z
BMC Neurology; Zhang Y, Yang Y et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - Liver fibrosis has been considered a predictor of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate whether the degree of liver fibrosis is related to post-stroke depression (PSD) at 3 months follow-up. We prospectively and continuously enrolled patients with first-ever ischemic stroke from June 2020 to January 2022. Liver fibrosis was measured after admission by calculating the Fibrosis-4 i...

Evaluation of meibomian gland dysfunction in type 2 diabetes with dry eye disease: a no...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-023-02795-7
BMC Ophthalmology; Yang Q, Liu L et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the morphology and physiological function of the meibomian glands between type 2 diabetics with dry eye disease (DED) and control subjects. Doing so will help to better reveal the pathologic mechanisms of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and DED in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Ninety subjects were divided into the following four groups: DM-...

Gender and sex considerations in HIV and bone health.
https://doi.org/10.1097/COH.0000000000000780
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS; Tang MJ, Alexander A et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - People with HIV (PWHIV) are at increased risk for osteoporosis and fractures, because of the effects of HIV and inflammation and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation as well as traditional risk factors. This review from recent literature focuses on sex differences in rates of bone disease, risk of fractures, and effects of ART. Women with HIV in resource-constrained settings experience bone ...

Impact of coronavirus disease 2019 on co-morbidities in HIV.
https://doi.org/10.1097/COH.0000000000000785
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS; Guaraldi G, Milic J

Feb 2nd, 2023 - This perspective paper offers some reflections on an hypothesized changing scenario of HIV comorbidities in the years to come and provides some insights on how to improve screening and management of people with HIV (PWH) in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) era. PWH may experience a higher burden of excess disease and mortality associated with noninfectious comorbidities in the COVID-19 e...

HIV and chronic lung disease.
https://doi.org/10.1097/COH.0000000000000777
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS; Leung JM

Feb 2nd, 2023 - As people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, PLWH) age, aging-related comorbidities have come into focus as major challenges to their overall health. In this review, an in-depth overview of the two most commonly encountered chronic lung diseases in PLWH, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer, is provided. The risk for both COPD and lung cancer remains signific...

HIV and comorbidities - the importance of gut inflammation and the kynurenine pathway.
https://doi.org/10.1097/COH.0000000000000782
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS; MacCann R, Landay AL et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - The purpose of this article is to review alterations in microbiota composition, diversity, and functional features in the context of chronic inflammation and comorbidities associated with HIV infection. The gut microbiome is an important mediator of host immunity, and disruption of gut homeostasis can contribute to both systemic inflammation and immune activation. Ageing and HIV share features ...

Refractory ventricular tachycardia and heart failure due to anti-mitochondrial antibody...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-023-03057-6
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders; Huang R, Zhang X et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - Anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA)-positive inflammatory myopathy, a rare type of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy which was frequently difficult to diagnose, can affect muscles and the structure and electrical conduction of the heart. Early identification and treatment of this myopathy can prevent serious cardiovascular adverse events and improve cardiac function. We report a patient who experi...

Analysis of the curative effect of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy with osseous fora...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-022-06083-1
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders; Liu J, Kong Q et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - To explore the clinical efficacy and operation points of cervical radiculopathy with osseous foraminal stenosis treated with ultrasonic osteotome in anterior cervical surgery. From January 2018 to June 2021,a retrospective analysis of 23 patients with cervical radiculopathy with bony foraminal stenosis during this period was retrospectively analyzed. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (AC...

Factors predicting difficulty in insertion of real-time-three-dimensional transesophage...
https://doi.org/10.4103/aca.aca_287_20
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia; Kiran M, Gadhinglajkar S et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probe insertion may be associated with many complications. Demographic factors and airway conditions such as high Mallampati scores (MMC) and Cormack-Lehane grades (MCLG) are likely to have an impact on its ease of insertion. The primary aim of this study was to identify the predictive factors for difficult real-time-three-dimensional TEE probe insertion. ...

Use of methylene blue to treat vasoplegia syndrome in cystic fibrosis patients undergoi...
https://doi.org/10.4103/aca.aca_276_20
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia; Washington GC, O'Donnell CT et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - Several studies have demonstrated the utility of methylene blue (MB) to treat vasoplegic syndrome (VS), but some have cautioned against its routine use in lung transplantation with only two cases described in prominent literature. Cystic fibrosis patients commonly have chronic infections which predispose them to a systemic inflammatory syndrome-like vasoplegic response during lung transplantati...

Concomitant transcatheter transfemoral double native valve replacement for severe aorti...
https://doi.org/10.4103/aca.aca_10_21
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia; Mehta N, Gupta A et. al.

Feb 2nd, 2023 - Concomitant mitral and aortic valve stenosis in a patient with mitral annular calcification and porcelain aorta poses a unique problem to the surgical team. Transcatheter aortic and mitral valve replacements in native valves offer a viable option for such selected group of patients. We present the case of a 54-year-old male who presented with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and severe mitral stenos...

Williams-Beuren syndrome with pseudoaneurysm of aortic arch and infective vegetations f...
https://doi.org/10.4103/aca.aca_122_21
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia; Das D, Makhija N

Feb 2nd, 2023 - Williams-Beuren syndrome is a rare genetic malformation with predilection for supravalvular aortic stenosis. Apart from cardiovascular malformation, hypocalcemia, developmental delay, and elfin facies, challenging airway make perioperative management more eventful. Association of infective endocarditis within the aortic arch and pseudoaneurysm formation is infrequent. We, hereby report a case o...