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About 1,695,610 results

Long-Term Outcomes in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Epidemiology, Mechanisms, an...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8157317
Critical Care Clinics; Palakshappa JA, Krall JTW et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Survivors of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) experience challenges that persist well beyond the time of hospital discharge. Impairment in physical function, cognitive function, and mental health are common and may last for years. The current coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic is drastically increasing the incidence of ARDS worldwide, and long-term impairments will remain lasting effec...

Hypertensive emergency and seizures during haemodialysis.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-242471
BMJ Case Reports; Murali S, Shenoy SV et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Intracranial abscesses are uncommon, serious and life-threatening infections. A brain abscess is caused by inflammation and collection of infected material, coming from local or remote infectious sources. Patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis are prone to invasive bacterial infections like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) especially in the presence of central venous...

Bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis complicated by scleral perforation: an unusual pre...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244547
BMJ Case Reports; Sinha P, Sinha U et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Endogenous endophthalmitis complicated by necrotising scleritis has rarely been reported in the literature. We, hereby, report a case of bilateral scleral perforation with endogenous endophthalmitis in an 87-year-old female patient with diabetes who presented as bilateral orbital cellulitis. Systemic workup ruled out autoimmune aetiology. The culture and sensitivity of exudates exuding from the...

Purulent pericarditis, an unusual cause of cardiac arrest.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-245833
BMJ Case Reports; Green K, Rothweiler S et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Purulent pericarditis is a rare infection of the pericardial space defined by the presence of gross pus or microscopic purulence. Here, we present a case of Streptococcus anginosus purulent pericarditis, leading to obstructive and septic shock. After prompt pericardial drainage, the patient experienced rapid improvement in symptoms. However, due to the presence of a loculated effusion and conce...

Frailty in Young and Middle-Aged Adults: An Integrative Review.
https://doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2021.14
The Journal of Frailty & Aging; Loecker C, Schmaderer M et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Frailty is a public health priority resulting in poor health outcomes and early mortality in older adults. Early identification, management, and prevention of frailty may reduce frailty trajectory into later life. However, little is known about frailty in younger adults. Describe frailty prevalence, definitions, study designs, and components contributing to multidimensional frailty in 18 to 65-...

Facility-based surveillance for influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in rural Zambia.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-021-06677-5 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30938-8 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)33293-2 10.1093/infdis/jis548 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30721-4 10.1002/ppul.23570 10.1086/657314 10.1097/INF.0000000000000096 10.1093/cid/cix903 10.1093/ofid/ofz020 10.1186/s40249-018-0404-9 10.1371/journal.pone.0135887 10.1093/infdis/jis599 10.1111/irv.12492 10.1186/s12879-015-0779-1 10.1371/journal.pone.0031396 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0299 10.1093/cid/ciq076 10.1093/cid/cix543 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30120-1 10.1080/02724936.1997.11747873 10.1186/s12913-019-4884-5 10.1093/cid/cix1088 10.1111/irv.12556 10.1038/s41467-019-13562-y 10.1093/infdis/jis527 10.1093/jn/136.5.1141 10.1093/ofid/ofw262 10.1128/JCM.01594-16 10.1016/S2352-3018(19)30033-5 10.1111/irv.12688
BMC Infectious Diseases; Loevinsohn G, Hamahuwa M et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - While southern Africa experiences among the highest mortality rates from respiratory infections, the burden of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in rural areas is poorly understood. We implemented facility-based surveillance in Macha, Zambia. Outpatients and inpatients presenting with influenza-like illness (ILI) underwent testing for influenza A, influenza B, and RSV and were pro...

Preoperative C-reactive protein to albumin ratio predicts anastomotic leakage after eso...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12893-021-01344-7 10.1097/SLA.0000000000001011 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182480a6a 10.1245/s10434-017-5808-4 10.1016/j.clnu.2016.08.023 10.1007/s00384-016-2620-8 10.1097/MD.0000000000015280 10.1186/s12885-015-1379-6 10.7717/peerj.5655 10.1159/000464357 10.3233/CBM-190470 10.5387/fms.2019-17 10.1016/0021-9681(87)90171-8 10.1111/dote.12540 10.1097/SLA.0000000000001098 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181b13ca2 10.21873/anticanres.11248 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.12.038 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.09.019 10.1007/s00595-013-0622-5 10.1186/s12957-016-1092-1 10.3748/wjg.14.1248 10.1001/archsurg.134.1.36 10.1097/00000658-197411000-00010 10.1002/bjs.1800780908 10.1056/NEJM199902113400607 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)04046-0 10.1155/2016/3786418 10.1093/icvts/ivaa022 10.1245/s10434-007-9407-7
BMC Surgery; Sugimoto A, Toyokawa T et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Postoperative anastomotic leakage (AL) is associated with not only prolonged hospital stay and increased medical costs, but also poor prognosis in esophageal cancer. Several studies have addressed the utility of various inflammation-based and/or nutritional markers as predictors for postoperative complications. However, none have been documented as specific predictors for AL in esophageal cance...

The burden of neck pain in Brazil: estimates from the global burden of disease study 2019.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-021-04675-x 10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.04.010 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304747 10.1016/j.berh.2014.08.002 10.1016/j.berh.2011.01.019 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31816454c8 10.1016/j.bjpt.2017.05.005 10.2519/jospt.2017.0302 10.1007/s00586-004-0864-4 10.1016/s0304-3959(01)00334-7 10.1016/s0304-3959(98)00268-1 10.1001/jama.2020.0734 10.2802/66947 10.1007/s00586-014-3571-9 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30925-9 10.1186/s12963-020-00224-1 10.1007/s00586-007-0521-9 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181643efb 10.1016/S2214-109X(15)00069-8 10.1136/bmj.m791 10.1590/1516-3180.2016.0091310516 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-204431 10.1590/s0102-311x2007001200003 10.1590/S1518-8787.2017051000052 10.1590/s1807-59322008000600010 10.1136/oemed-2011-100459 10.1186/1471-2474-13-185 10.1590/0102-311X00012817 10.1186/1471-2474-13-82 10.1186/s12889-018-5192-4 10.1016/j.jmpt.2008.11.015 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.02.064 10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.09.008 10.2106/00004623-200210000-00021 10.1136/jech-2011-200783 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181643f40 10.1016/j.msksp.2017.11.007 10.1136/jech.2009.090720
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders; de Melo Castro Deligne L, Rocha MCB et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - This study analyzed neck pain estimates in Brazil and its states between 2000 and 2019, in view of the country's lacking epidemiological data. An analysis was performed of the GBD 2019 estimates by location, sex, and age, per 100,000 population, with uncertainty intervals (95% UI). Brazilian estimates were compared to global, Mexican, English, and American rates. Global, Brazilian, and Mexican ...

Toward Optimal Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Outcomes: Recognizing the Syndrome a...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8449137
Critical Care Clinics; Kotas ME, Thompson BT

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a common condition among critically ill patients, but remains under-recognized and undertreated. Under-recognition may result from confusion over the clinical inclusion criteria, as well as a misunderstanding of the complex relationship between the clinical syndrome, the variable histopathologic patterns, and the myriad clinical disorders that cause acute ...

Intermittent neck swelling: an unusual presentation of achalasia cardia.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243229
BMJ Case Reports; Kesavan P, Joshi S et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - Achalasia is a rare cause of neck swelling. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman, who presented with an intermittent, unilateral neck swelling, associated with dysphagia, weight loss and regurgitation. The patient underwent a gastroscopy and barium swallow. This confirmed a dilated oesophagus with poor motility and hold up of liquid and food residue above the gastro-oesophageal junction, t...

Cholecystitis Masquerading as Cardiac Chest Pain: A Case Report.
https://doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.932078
The American Journal of Case Reports; Daliparty VM, Amoozgar B et. al.

Sep 23rd, 2021 - BACKGROUND Cope's sign is the association of bradycardia with symptoms of acute cholecystitis, which can occur due to a vagal cardiobiliary reflex. The clinical and electrocardiographic changes of bradycardia or complete heart block can mimic the presentation of acute coronary syndrome. This report highlights the unique possibility that bradycardia in patients with abdominal pain and gallstones...

IgG4-related disease as a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction: a case report and l...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8454001
BMC Gastroenterology; Chen L, Almudaires A et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - IgG4-related disease involvement of the digestive tract is very rare. In few reported cases of isolated gastric/duodenal IgG4-related disease, none of which resulted in luminal obstruction. A 59 years old female presented with longstanding gastrointestinal symptoms. CT showed mural thickening of the proximal duodenum. Gastroscopy showed antral ulcer extending into the duodenum with outlet obstr...

Reappraisal of ischemia-reperfusion injury in a short duration laparoscopic surgery, a ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8451121
BMC Surgery; Bickel A, Khatib S et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - Serum biochemical changes during laparoscopic surgery and positive pressure pneumoperitoneum (PP) may reflect mild oxidative stress due to the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) mechanism. However, there is still a controversy regarding the exact mechanism of PP in creating oxidative stress and whether the induction of PP causes I/R effects at all. To elucidate this debated issue, we studied, for the f...

Atypical presentation of anti-HMGCR myopathy.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243728
BMJ Case Reports; Karna R, Singh R et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - Immune-mediated necrotising myopathy is a subtype of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy characterised by muscle fibre necrosis without significant inflammatory infiltrate. Anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) myopathy is seen in 6%-10% of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy and is diagnosed in the context of elevated serum creatine kinase levels, proximal muscle weakness and ...

Pathological findings of hypertrophic pachymeningitis associated with eosinophilic gran...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243395
BMJ Case Reports; Shiraishi W, Tsujimoto Y et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - The most common neurological manifestation of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), formerly called Churg-Strauss syndrome, is mononeuritis multiplex caused by small-vessel vasculitis. In contrast, central nervous system involvement is rare. Among EGPA-associated central nervous system disorders, there are only a few reported cases of hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP). Here, we ...

Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome: a life-threatening cause of neonatal apnoea.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244679
BMJ Case Reports; Castro C, Correia C et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is an uncommon genetic disease characterised by an autonomic nervous system dysfunction that affects ventilatory homeostasis. Involvement of other systems is also described, mainly cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. We describe a rare case of CCHS diagnosed in a term newborn who presented with persistent apnoea in the...

Diagnosis and management of temporomandibular joint dysfunction before surgery: a case ...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244635
BMJ Case Reports; Tateno K, Mieda T et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - We present a case of colorectal cancer with temporomandibular joint dysfunction and discuss the management of the case. Type IIIb temporomandibular disorder involves anterior dislocation of the articular disk, trismus and difficult intubation. A 68-year-old woman was scheduled for colectomy. The day before surgery, the patient had temporomandibular pain. On examination, the mouth opening was 13...

First presentation of portal hypertension complicated by hepatopulmonary syndrome.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244712
BMJ Case Reports; Miah N, Ryan A et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a serious complication of chronic liver disease, characterised by portal hypertension and arterial hypoxaemia due to intrapulmonary vascular dilatation. We report an unusual case in which a 27-year-old man had a first presentation of portal hypertension and cirrhosis complicated by HPS. This patient presented with progressive dyspnoea on exertion and deteriorat...

Restless arm syndrome: a rare disease?
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244890
BMJ Case Reports; Moser U, Schwab J

Sep 22nd, 2021 - Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder characterised by an irresistible urge to move the lower limbs, often accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the legs, typically occurring in the evening and at night and improving with movement. Restless arms syndrome (RAS) predominantly affects the arms, while the legs are rarely affected. RAS appears to be very rare, with very fe...

Influence of IGF-I serum concentration on muscular regeneration capacity in patients wi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8454138
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders; Jarmusch S, Baber L et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2021 - Previous research has described a neuroprotective effect of IGF-I, supporting neuronal survival, axon growth and proliferation of muscle cells. Therefore, the association between IGF-I concentration, muscle histology and electrophysiological markers in a cohort of patients with sarcopenia dares investigation. Measurement of serum concentrations of IGF-I and binding partners, electromyographic m...