About 1,746,173 results

Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Asian Countries: A Trend Analysis.
Cancer Control : Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center; Huang J, Ngai CH et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - This study aimed to evaluate the updated burden and temporal trends of cancer incidence and mortality in Asian countries. The data used in this study were retrieved from the Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer Incidence in Five Continents volumes I-XI, and the World Health Organization mortality database. These data were used to calculate the Average Annual Percentage Change (AAPC), with a 95% co...

Monitoring TB program performance.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Basham CA, Orr PH

Jul 1st, 2022 - Monitoring TB program performance.|2022|Basham CA,Orr PH,|diagnosis,epidemiology,prevention & control,

TB in eastern Libya: a decreasing trend in recent decades.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Ismail F, Yousif A et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - TB in eastern Libya: a decreasing trend in recent decades.|2022|Ismail F,Yousif A,Alfurjani M,Haq S,|epidemiology,

Accelerating TB diagnosis during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Yee TS, Choong CV et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - SETTING: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant disruption worldwide to economies and healthcare systems, even those with well-developed infrastructure.OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of COVID-19 on TB diagnosis in Singapore, and to identify any factors that could facilitate early detection of TB among persons screened.DESIGN: To assess the impact of testing and diagnosis of the pandemi...

The Associations of Experiencing the COVID-19 Pandemic With Religiosity and Spiritualit...
International Journal of Public Health; Buchtova M, Malinakova K et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - Objectives: We investigated the associations between religiosity/spirituality and respondents' changes in their relationships, feelings, thinking, and behaviour during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Czech Republic. Methods: A sample of Czech adults (n = 1,434; 48.3 ± 16.4 years; 49.65% women) participated in the online survey. We measured spirituality, religiosity, self-reported...

Sex Differences in the International Primary Care Airways Group Questionnaire for Scree...
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Di... Machiguchi H, Arizono S et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - The International Primary Airways Group (IPAG) questionnaire is a useful tool for screening for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The cut-off score of the IPAG questionnaire is investigated in Japan. However, its validity has not been examined according to sex, which was the aim of this study. We included 4364 participants aged 40 years or older, all current and ex-smokers and never-smoker...

Epidemiology, Treatment, and Outcome of Pancreatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Pancreat...
Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment; Wang Y, Zhou Y et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - Background: Pancreatic squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) is a rare pancreatic malignancy compared to most common pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC). Aims: To analyze the prognostics factors of PSCC and compare PAC with PSCC in demographic patterns, clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment modalities. Methods: Data of PSCC and PAC patients from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2015 were extracte...

Comparison of Clinical Characteristics and Genetic Aberrations of Plasma Cell Disorders...
Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment; Jirabanditsakul C, Dakeng S et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignancy of plasma cells resulting from impaired terminal B cell development. Almost all patients with multiple myeloma eventually have a relapse. Many studies have demonstrated the importance of the various genomic mutations that characterize multiple myeloma as a complex heterogeneous disease. In recent years, next-generation sequencing has been used to iden...

Trends in TB and HIV care and treatment cascade, Kenya, 2008-2018.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Weyenga H, Onyango E et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - BACKGROUND: HIV infection is associated with high mortality among people with TB. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces TB incidence and mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV). Since 2005, Kenya has scaled up TB and HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment. We evaluated the impact of these services on trends and TB treatment outcomes.METHODS: Using Microsoft Excel (2016) and Epi-Info 7, w...

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of pulmonary TB among pregnant and post-partum ...
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Nguenha D, Acacio S et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - SETTING: Antenatal care (ANC) and postpartum care (PPC) clinic in Manhiça District, Mozambique.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of TB among pregnant and post-partum women and describe the clinical characteristics of the disease in a rural area of Southern Mozambique.METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional TB prevalence study among pregnant and post-partum women recruited from September 201...

TB reporting declines in priority countries during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Varshney K, Rusnak JC

Jul 1st, 2022 - TB reporting declines in priority countries during the COVID-19 pandemic.|2022|Varshney K,Rusnak JC,|epidemiology,

TB-related deaths among adults in Guinea-Bissau.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Kühle AJ, Patsche CB et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - SETTING: In an urban demographic, high TB burden surveillance site in Guinea-Bissau, most deaths occur at home, and information on cause of death (CoD) is lacking.OBJECTIVE: To examine CoD and the proportion of TB deaths in three groups: among patients examined for TB without a verified diagnosis after diagnostic workup, described as "assumed TB-negative" (aTBneg), among patients with a confirm...

Clinical standards for drug-susceptible TB: putting patients first.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... van der Werf TS, Grobusch MP

Jul 1st, 2022 - Clinical standards for drug-susceptible TB: putting patients first.|2022|van der Werf TS,Grobusch MP,|therapeutic use,drug therapy,epidemiology,

Acquired bedaquiline resistance in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseas... Nair P, Hasan T et. al.

Jul 1st, 2022 - BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends the use of bedaquiline (BDQ) in longer, as well as shorter, multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) treatment regimens. However, resistance to this new drug is now emerging. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan, who were treated for MDR-TB and acquired BDQ resistance during treatment.METHODS: We performed a retrospective study...

Preventing Postendoscopic Mucosal Resection Bleeding of Large Nonpedunculated Colorecta...
The American Journal of Gastroenterology; Albéniz E, Montori S et. al.

Jun 30th, 2022 - The most common major adverse event of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is clinically significant post-EMR bleeding (CSPEB), with an incidence of 6%-7% in large lesions. Repeat colonoscopy, blood transfusions, or other interventions are often needed. The associated direct costs are much higher than those of an uncomplicated EMR. In this review, we discuss the aspects related to CSPEB of large...

Molecular Epidemiology of Adenoviral Keratoconjunctivitis in Korea.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine; Seo JW, Lee SK et. al.

Jun 30th, 2022 - Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are a major cause of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. We investigated the types of adenoviruses responsible for the recent epidemic of keratoconjunctivitis in Korea. From January to November 2019, 218 conjunctival swab samples were collected from patients clinically suspected as having adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis. Genotyping targeting of adenovirus capsid hexon gene...

Continuing Medical Education Questions: July 2022.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology; Davila RE

Jun 30th, 2022 - Article Title: Surveillance after Treatment of Barrett's Esophagus Benefits Those with High-Grade Dysplasia or Intramucosal Cancer Most.

Marine-derived n-3 fatty acids therapy for stroke.
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Alvarez Campano CG, Macleod MJ et. al.

Jun 30th, 2022 - Currently, with stroke burden increasing, there is a need to explore therapeutic options that ameliorate the acute insult. There is substantial evidence of a neuroprotective effect of marine-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in animal models of stroke, leading to a better functional outcome. To assess the effects of administration of marine-derived n-3 PUFAs on functional outcomes...

Employment and Economic Outcomes of Participants With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in th...
JAMA Network Open; Gaudette É, Seabury SA et. al.

Jun 30th, 2022 - Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may impair the ability to work. Strategies to facilitate return to work are understudied. To assess employment and economic outcomes for employed, working-age adults with mTBI in the 12 months after injury and the association between return to work and employer assistance. Using data from the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Inju...

Development and Validation of a Prediction Model for Perinatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke...
JAMA Network Open; Srivastava R, Dunbar M et. al.

Jun 30th, 2022 - Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) is a focal brain injury in term neonates that is identified postnatally but is presumed to occur near the time of birth. Many pregnancy, delivery, and fetal factors have been associated with PAIS, but early risk detection is lacking; thus, targeted treatment and prevention efforts are currently limited. To develop and validate a diagnostic risk predicti...