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About 1,816,845 results

Baseline renal function and adverse outcomes in pregnancies complicated by pregestation...
https://doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2021.1947229
The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the O... Champion ML, Steele R et. al.

Nov 23rd, 2022 - To examine the relationship between baseline renal function (serum creatinine, urine protein to creatinine ratio) in women with diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes. This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies with pregestational diabetes and baseline renal function tests <20 weeks gestational age (wga) from the years 2007 to 2013. Those with baseline creatinine ≥1.2 mg/dL...

Mini Female Health Program for detection of non-communicable diseases in Women - In a u...
https://doi.org/10.1177/17455057221135493
Women's Health (London, England); Sangu PV, Balakrishna N et. al.

Nov 23rd, 2022 - Prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing with women affected at an early age. The Mini Female Health Program (MFHP) is a simple screening package to detect NCDs in women. Determine the prevalence of selected NCDs in a hospital-based outpatient setting using MFHP. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in an urban teaching hospital in India. MFHP included medical...

Validity and Reliability of the Chinese Version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression S...
https://doi.org/10.1177/15579883221138191
American Journal of Men's Health; Jen WH, Hung TH et. al.

Nov 23rd, 2022 - Studies often use the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) as a screening tool for depression in new mothers or fathers following the birth of an infant, but no studies have evaluated EPDS as a predictor of postnatal depression for new fathers in a Chinese population. This study aimed to test the validity and reliability of a Chinese version o...

Observed versus expected rates of myocarditis after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination: a populatio...
https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.220676
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De ... Naveed Z, Li J et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Postmarketing evaluations have linked myocarditis to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines. We sought to estimate the incidence of myocarditis after mRNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, and to compare the incidence with expected rates based on historical background rates in British Columbia. We conducted an observational study using population health administrative data from the BC COVID-19 Cohort from Dec....

Sexually acquired severe acute hepatitis C infection in men who have sex with men.
https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.220757
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De ... Wei S, Bogoch II et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Sexually acquired severe acute hepatitis C infection in men who have sex with men.|2022|Wei S,Bogoch II,Dhalla IA,Wong DKH,|epidemiology,

Incidence and risk factors of diabetes mellitus in the Chinese population: a dynamic co...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-060730
BMJ Open; Xue L, Wang H et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Diabetes mellitus is a common condition often associated with an ageing population. However, only few longitudinal studies in China have investigated the incidence of diabetes and identified its risk factors. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of diabetes in Chinese people aged ≥45 years using the harmonised China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (...

Retrospective study of comparison of clinical severity and outcome of hospitalised COVI...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062724
BMJ Open; Kundavaram APP, Selvan S et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - To compare the clinical severity and outcome of hospitalised patients during the two waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in India. A tertiary care referral hospital in South India. Symptomatic SARS CoV-2 reverse transcriptase PCR positive patients presenting to the emergency department during the two waves were recruited. The first wave spanned between April and December 2020 and the second wave bet...

Diabetes incidence in subjects with PREDIABetes from ReUNion Island: the PREDIABRUN obs...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062520
BMJ Open; Anthony N, Bruneau L et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Improved knowledge of prediabetic subjects' profile and their risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) would enhance secondary prevention. The primary objective is to describe factors associated with incident T2DM in subjects with pre-diabetes diagnosed in primary care. The study is based on Reunion Island, a French overseas region that experiences a particularly high disease burden o...

Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals in C...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-066653
BMJ Open; Rahman M, Khan SR et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - The study aimed to determine the seroprevalence, the fraction of asymptomatic infections, and risk factors of SARS-CoV-2 infections among the Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMNs). It was a population-based two-stage cross-sectional study at the level of households. The study was conducted in December 2020 among household members of the FDMN population living in the 34 camps of Ukhia and...

Persistent symptoms after SARS-CoV-2 infection in children: a cross-sectional populatio...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-063504
BMJ Open; Dumont R, Nehme M et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - To estimate the prevalence of children and adolescents reporting persistent symptoms after SARS-CoV-2 infection. A random sample of children and adolescents participated with their family members to a serological survey including a blood drawing for detecting antibodies targeting the SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein and a questionnaire on COVID-19-related symptoms experienced since the begin...

Comorbidity of mental ill-health in tuberculosis patients under treatment in a rural pr...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-058013
BMJ Open; Thungana Y, Wilkinson R et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Tuberculosis (TB) remains prevalent despite the availability of effective anti-TB medications, and accumulating evidence suggests a high rate of mental disorders in people with TB. This is because TB and psychiatric disorders share several risk factors, such as poverty, homelessness and substance use disorder. Moreover, psychiatric comorbidities in patients with TB are associated with poor trea...

Race and resource allocation: an online survey of US and UK adults' attitudes toward CO...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062561
BMJ Open; Kappes A, Zohny H et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - This study aimed to assess US/UK adults' attitudes towards COVID-19 ventilator and vaccine allocation. Online survey including US and UK adults, sampled to be representative for sex, age, race, household income and employment. A total of 2580 participated (women=1289, age range=18 to 85 years, Black American=114, BAME=138). Participants were asked to allocate ventilators or vaccines in scenario...

Prevalence of completion of maternity continuum of care and its associated factors in E...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062461
BMJ Open; Mose A, Haile K et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - The present study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of completion of the maternity continuum of care (CoC) and its associated factors in Ethiopia. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Ethiopia. A total of 6245 reproductive-age women were included. The pooled prevalence of completion of the maternity CoC. Factors associated with completion of the maternity CoC. We systematically searched i...

Respiratory diseases in survivors of adult cancer compared with the general population:...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-066029
BMJ Open; Andresen K, Carreira H et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - There is concern that survivors of adult cancers may be at increased risk of respiratory infections and of exacerbations of pre-existing respiratory conditions. Considering the high prevalence of respiratory disease in the general population, increased respiratory disease risk in survivors of adult cancers could translate into an important impact on morbidity and mortality. The aim of this syst...

Cross-sectional study of the knowledge, perception and attitude of first-year universit...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-064301
BMJ Open; Abed M, Al Omari S et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - The aim of this study was to first assess the knowledge and perception of first-year university students in Iraq about COVID-19 in general and SARS-CoV-2 latest variant of concern, and to evaluate the attitudes towards protection measures including vaccination. A cross-sectional study was conducted among newly enrolled students at the American University of Iraq-Baghdad. Mann-Whitney U and Krus...

Longitudinal Changes in Upper and Lower Airway Function in Pregnancy.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iac.2022.07.005
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America; Murphy VE, Jensen ME

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Physiologic changes during pregnancy have implications for both upper and lower airway function. Upper airway resistance increases, and total lung capacity decreases. Upper airway symptoms increase; some women develop pregnancy-induced rhinitis and there is an increased prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing compared to prepregnancy. Longitudinal studies examining changes in upper and lower a...

Use of Asthma Medication During Gestation and Risk of Specific Congenital Anomalies.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iac.2022.07.007
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America; Cusack RP, Whetstone CE et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Poorly controlled asthma can affect neonatal outcomes including congenital anomalies, which can be reduced with appropriate asthma care during pregnancy. Although there is a concern regarding the safety of asthma medication use during pregnancy and congenital anomalies, the risk of uncontrolled asthma outweighs any potential risks of controller and reliever medication use. Patient education bef...

Maternal Macro- and Micronutrient Intake During Pregnancy: Does It Affect Allergic Pred...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iac.2022.07.006
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America; Stumpf K, Mirpuri J

Nov 22nd, 2022 - This review article explores the available literature on the association of maternal nutrient intake with development of allergies in offspring. It examines the mechanisms for maternal diet-mediated effects on offspring immunity and dissects recent human and animal studies that evaluate the role of both maternal macro- and micronutrient intake on offspring susceptibility to asthma, eczema, food...

Chronic Management of Asthma During Pregnancy.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iac.2022.09.001
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America; Namazy JA, Schatz M

Nov 22nd, 2022 - Asthma is one of the most common potentially serious medical problems to complicate pregnancy. Optimal management of asthma during pregnancy is thus important for both mother and baby. Treating asthmatic women requires understanding the effects of pregnancy on the course of asthma, and, conversely, the effects of asthma on pregnancy outcomes. Successful management also requires an understanding...

Improving Asthma Outcomes During Pregnancy in Underserved Communities.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iac.2022.07.002
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America; Gandler A, Schulman ES et. al.

Nov 22nd, 2022 - It is known that poor asthma control is common in pregnancy, and asthma in general disproportionally affects underserved communities. However, there is a paucity of data examining strategies to improve asthma control specifically among pregnant women from vulnerable populations. Identified barriers to optimal asthma care in other underserved groups include health literacy, financial constraints...