×
About 1,622,963 results

Just breathe: a review of sex and gender in chronic lung disease.
https://doi.org/10.1183/16000617.0111-2021
European Respiratory Review : an Official Journal of the ... Somayaji R, Chalmers JD

Jan 14th, 2022 - Chronic lung diseases are the third leading cause of death worldwide and are increasing in prevalence over time. Although much of our traditional understanding of health and disease is derived from study of the male of the species - be it animal or human - there is increasing evidence that sex and gender contribute to differences in disease risk, prevalence, presentation, severity, treatment ap...

The evolving landscape of sex-based differences in lung cancer: a distinct disease in w...
https://doi.org/10.1183/16000617.0100-2021
European Respiratory Review : an Official Journal of the ... Ragavan M, Patel MI

Jan 14th, 2022 - In stark contrast to a few decades ago when lung cancer was predominantly a disease of men who smoke, incidence rates of lung cancer in women are now comparable to or higher than those in men and are rising alarmingly in many parts of the world. Women face a unique set of risk factors for lung cancer compared to men. These include exogenous exposures including radon, prior radiation, and fumes ...

Attitudes and Smoking Prevalence Among Undergraduate Students in Central Greece.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-78787-5_1 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.119.008901 10.1371/journal.pone.0136137 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006976 10.5993/AJHB.33.4.3 10.1093/ntr/ntq245 10.1055/s-2004-813326 10.1136/tc.2003.006023 10.1080/07448481.2017.1399893 10.2190/DE.39.2.e 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.07.009 10.1093/ntr/ntr161 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.01.011 10.2105/AJPH.2006.103580
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Papagiannis D, Malli F et. al.

Jan 14th, 2022 - Tobacco smoking is a major public health problem globally. The vast majority of smokers start smoking early. The hazards of smoking depend on a plethora of factors such as the age one starts to smoke, number of cigarettes smoked per day, nicotine, and filter type of the cigarette among other factors. According to the World Health Organization, most tobacco-related deaths occur in low- and middl...

Ebola Virus Disease and Current Therapeutic Strategies: A Review.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-78787-5_18 10.1213/ane.0000000000000866 10.1016/j.idc.2019.08.005 10.1039/c5mb00706b 10.7717/peerj.74 10.1007/s11786-016-0287-8 10.1007/s001140050562 10.7717/peerj.85 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60667-8 10.1136/bmj.g7348 10.1146/annurev-pathol-052016-100506 10.1155/2013/645348 10.1155/2013/108910 10.1177/1099800403252603 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33132-5 10.1186/1471-2148-10-193 10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025820 10.1126/science.290.5493.923 10.1099/0022-1317-49-2-333 10.1126/science.1172705 10.1016/0140-6736(90)90737-p 10.1016/s0140-6736(95)90925-7 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000212 10.1038/nature19790 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007965 10.1128/cmr.00003-16 10.1186/s12985-018-0985-8 10.1371/journal.pone.0212113 10.1093/infdis/jix584 10.3390/v11080678 10.1128/cmr.00003-16 10.1021/acscentsci.0c00489 10.1016/j.cell.2020.03.011 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001955 10.1056/NEJMra1901594
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Diakou KI, Mitsis T et. al.

Jan 14th, 2022 - The Ebola virus disease is a severe hemorrhagic fever that affects humans and other primates. Ebola virus, the causative agent of the disease, is transmitted to humans from wild animals and is highly contagious and aggressive with an estimated fatality rate to be around 50%. Since 1976, 11 outbreaks of Ebola virus disease have been reported in total, affecting mostly sub-Saharan Africa, while t...

Association between the cardiometabolic index and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: in...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-022-02099-y 10.1111/bcp.14943
BMC Gastroenterology; Zou J, Xiong H et. al.

Jan 14th, 2022 - Emerging evidence suggests that cardiometabolic index (CMI) is closely related to diabetes, hypertension, stroke, cardiovascular disease, and kidney disease, which implies that CMI has the value as an indicator of metabolic diseases. However, data on the relationships between CMI and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) risks have not been reported. This study is designed to examine the as...

Relationship between housing insecurity, diabetes processes of care, and self-care beha...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-07468-7 10.1007/s40615-016-0335-8 10.1007/s11892-013-0421-9 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.00278.x 10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6888 10.2337/dc17-1812 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.11.051 10.2337/dc21-S001 10.1177/0145721707308408 10.1177/0145721707308407 10.1093/ije/dyr029 10.2105/AJPH.2008.133892 10.1007/s12020-014-0195-0 10.1016/j.pec.2014.10.002 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302330 10.1007/s11606-016-3786-z 10.1093/aje/kwz057 10.1093/fampra/cmz085 10.2337/dc12-0354 10.1007/s11892-016-0796-5 10.2337/dc16-0941
BMC Health Services Research; Mosley-Johnson E, Walker RJ et. al.

Jan 14th, 2022 - The aim of this analysis was to examine the influence of housing insecurity on diabetes processes of care and self-care behaviors and determine if that relationship varied by employment status or race/ethnicity. Using nationally representative data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2014-2015), 16,091 individuals were analyzed for the cross-sectional study. Housing insecurity ...

Anemia in Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Prevalence and Risk Factors in a Hosp...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35022114
Skinmed Jørgensen AR, Nielsen VW et. al.

Jan 14th, 2022 - We examined the prevalence and risk factors of anemia in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). The presence of anemia and information on risk factors was obtained through interview, clinical examination, and blood samples in a cohort of 367 consecutive patients with HS. The overall prevalence of anemia was 9.3% (11.4% in men and 8.1% in women). Altogether 7.9%, 7.0%, and 20.4% of patient...

Village health workers as health diplomats: negotiating health and study participation ...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-07431-y
BMC Health Services Research; Masunaga Y, Muela Ribera J et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Although many success stories exist of Village Health Workers (VHWs) improving primary health care, critiques remain about the medicalisation of their roles in disease-specific interventions. VHWs are placed at the bottom of the health system hierarchy as cheap and low-skilled volunteers, irrespective of their highly valued social and political status within communities. In this paper, we shed ...

Rose Gana Fomban Leke: rethinking malaria.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8722637
Bulletin of the World Health Organization;

Jan 13th, 2022 - Rose Gana Fomban Leke talks to Gary Humphreys about rethinking approaches to malaria elimination and her efforts to support the next generation of women scientists in Cameroon.

Missed opportunities for hypertension screening: a cross-sectional study, India.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8722631
Bulletin of the World Health Organization; Mohanty SK, Upadhyay AK et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - To assess missed opportunities for hypertension screening at health facilities in India and describe systematic differences in these missed opportunities across states and sociodemographic groups. We used nationally representative survey data from the 2017-2018 Longitudinal Ageing Study in India to estimate the proportion of adults aged 45 years or older identified with hypertension and who had...

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus in antenatal care and m...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8722623
Bulletin of the World Health Organization; Loarec A, Nguyen A et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - To pilot an intervention on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in an antenatal care and maternity unit in Maputo, Mozambique, during 2017-2019. We included HBV in the existing screening programme (for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis) for pregnant women at their first consultation, and followed mother-child dyads until 9 months after...

Intraocular pressure of adults in a coastal province in southern China: the Fujian cros...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-3238
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Li Y, Hu Q et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss worldwide. Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is widely recognized as the most important modifiable risk factor for the development of glaucoma. In order to arouse people's attention to glaucoma, this study set out to describe IOP and its related factors in adults living in urban and rural areas of Fujian, a coastal province in southern ...

Preparation of hemodialysis centers in fighting against the novel coronavirus disease d...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-3337
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Zou Y, Zhang Z et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Dialysis patients are at high risk of being infected by the novel coronavirus. This article aimed to share our experience in preparing hemodialysis centers in fighting against the COVID-19 in Sichuan province. To control COVID-19, the Sichuan Renal Disease Quality Control Center (SRDQCC) organized a multidisciplinary team to draft and distribute documents for dialysis centers. The SRDQCC also e...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of independent risk factors for postherpetic neur...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-3028
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Zhou H, Wang Z et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - This study aimed to explore the independent risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Related studies of PHN risk factors were searched in PubMed for screening and meta-analysis. In this study, data from studies included were extracted and summarized, including odds ratio (OR) value, 95% confidence interval (CI), P value, sample size, and the number of patients with and without PHN. The ch...

Correlation between air temperature, air pollutants, and the incidence of coronary hear...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-3212
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Huang J, Yang Z

Jan 13th, 2022 - The concentration of air pollutants is affected by changes in climatic conditions. Air temperature is a main factor affecting the concentration of air pollutants. This study sought to examine the relationship between air temperature, air pollutants, and their interactions in elderly patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Liaoning Province, China. The population data primarily comprised d...

Exploring peer navigation and support in the quality of HIV care experiences of female ...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-07439-4 10.1080/09540121.2017.1363362 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.0150 10.1371/journal.pone.0088157 10.7326/0003-4819-156-11-201206050-00419 10.1089/apc.2007.9987 10.1007/s10461-016-1376-z 10.1080/09540121.2017.1307922 10.2989/16085906.2016.1255652 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000590 10.1371/journal.pone.0104961 10.1371/journal.pone.0139161 10.1080/13691058.2012.763187 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001203 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60973-9 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31439-9 10.1080/13691058.2016.1242779 10.1007/s11904-020-00485-3 10.2190/023K-58E7-6TM8-3RRM 10.1007/s11256-017-0411-3 10.3912/OJIN.Vol17No02Man02 10.1080/09540121.2010.516342 10.1037/1040-3590.4.3.346 10.1007/s10461-014-0979-5 10.1191/1478088706qp063oa
BMC Health Services Research; Karver TS, Barrington C et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Despite evidence on peer navigation's association with positive HIV outcomes, such as engagement in HIV care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, the mechanisms through which peer navigation may influence these outcomes have been less explored. The purpose of this study is to describe the role of peer navigation and support on enhancing the quality of HIV treatment and care services exp...

Mental health status among prison officers in the process of enforcing the law during C...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8749117
BMC Psychiatry; Li Y, Wen Z et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - A global public health emergency triggered by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic may have are markable psychological impact on the population. There is still limited psychological research on police officers, especially prison officers in the process of enforcing the law. The present study aims to identify prevalence and influencing factors on mental health status among frontline ...

Conventional health care service utilization among cancer survivors that visit traditio...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8751219
BMC Health Services Research; Nakandi K, Mora D et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) is commonly used among cancer patients worldwide. Cancer patients in Norway mainly visit T&CM providers in addition to conventional health care services. It is not known how their utilization of T&CM providers influences their use of conventional health care services. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference between the utilization of...

Factors associated with peritraumatic stress symptoms among the frontline healthcare wo...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8753098
BMJ Open; Qi X, Wang J et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - This study aimed to examine the prevalence of peritraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs), perceived threat, social support and factors contributing to clinically significant PTSS among frontline COVID-19 healthcare workers (HCWs) in China. An online survey through self-administered questionnaires was conducted from 18 February to 4 March 2020, during the outbreak of COVID-19. PTSS was assessed using...

'When will this end? Will it end?' The impact of the March-June 2020 UK COVID-19 lockdo...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8753090
BMJ Open; Dickerson J, Kelly B et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - To explore clinically important increases in depression/anxiety from before to during the first UK COVID-19 lockdown and factors related to this change, with a particular focus on ethnic differences. Pre-COVID-19 and lockdown surveys nested within two longitudinal Born in Bradford cohort studies. 1860 mothers with a child aged 0-5 or 9-13, 48% Pakistani heritage. ORs for a clinically important ...