PloS One; Zheng S, Masuda T et. al.
Dec 31st, 2021 - Prior research has found that East Asians are less willing than Westerners to seek social support in times of need. What factors account for this cultural difference? Whereas previous research has examined the mediating effect of relational concern, we predicted that empathic concern, which refers to feeling sympathy and concern for people in need and varies by individuals from different cultur...
JAMA Network Open; Ma TM, Romero T et. al.
Dec 30th, 2021 - Black men have a 2-fold increased risk of dying from prostate cancer compared with White men. However, race-specific differences in response to initial treatment remain unknown. To compare overall and treatment-specific outcomes of Black and White men with localized prostate cancer receiving definitive radiotherapy (RT). A systematic search was performed of relevant published randomized clinica...
JAMA Network Open; Gaughran F, Stringer D et. al.
Dec 29th, 2021 - People with psychotic disorders have an increased risk of vitamin D deficiency, which is evident during first-episode psychosis (FEP) and associated with unfavorable mental and physical health outcomes. To examine whether vitamin D supplementation contributes to improved clinical outcomes in FEP. This multisite, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group randomized clinical trial from the...
JAMA Network Open; Kasza KA, Edwards KC et. al.
Dec 29th, 2021 - Cigarette smokers not planning to quit are often overlooked in population studies evaluating the risk-benefit potential of electronic nicotine delivery products (e-cigarettes). To evaluate whether e-cigarette use is associated with discontinuing cigarette smoking among smokers who were initially never planning to quit. This cohort study used US nationally representative data from the longitudin...
Pediatrics Rivara FP
Dec 28th, 2021 - The 2021 Joseph St Geme, Jr, Leadership Award Address: The Role of Structural Racism in Injuries to Children and Adolescents.|2021|Rivara FP,|ethnology,prevention & control,standards,epidemiology,ethnology,prevention & control,rehabilitation,therapy,
Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Public... Holmberg V, Salmi H et. al.
Dec 25th, 2021 - Motivated by reports of increased risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in ethnic minorities of high-income countries, we explored whether patients with a foreign first language are at an increased risk of COVID-19 infections, more serious presentations, or worse outcomes. In a retrospective observational population-based quality registry study covering a population of 1.7 million, we stu...
JAMA Network Open; Bovell-Ammon BJ, Xuan Z et. al.
Dec 24th, 2021 - The association between incarceration and long-term mortality risk is unknown and may contribute to racial disparities in overall life expectancy. To determine whether incarceration in the US is associated with an increase in mortality risk and whether this association is different for Black compared with non-Black populations. This generational retrospective cohort study used data from the Nat...
PloS One; O'Brien P, Conley B et. al.
Dec 24th, 2021 - Addressing disparities in arthritis care is an important yet unmet health need for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (respectfully Aboriginal people herewith). Despite the significant prevalence and burden of arthritis within Aboriginal communities, access to care for arthritis is low. One means to reduce existing disparities in health care is to address current challeng...
JAMA Network Open; Wurcel AG, Essien UR et. al.
Dec 24th, 2021 - Variation by Race in Antibiotics Prescribed for Hospitalized Patients With Skin and Soft Tissue Infections.|2021|Wurcel AG,Essien UR,Ortiz C,Fu X,Mancini C,|therapeutic use,statistics & numerical data,drug therapy,ethnology,microbiology,drug therapy,ethnology,microbiology,
American Journal of Public Health; Singer RB, Crooks N et. al.
Dec 23rd, 2021 - Ballroom Icons and the Power to Promote COVID-19 Vaccination Among Black and Brown LGBTQ+ Individuals.|2021|Singer RB,Crooks N,Singer R,Green N,Stamps J,|prevention & control,ethnology,methods,organization & administration,
American Journal of Public Health; Porter A, Wells S et. al.
Dec 23rd, 2021 - Minority populations have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and disparities have been noted in vaccine uptake. In the state of Arkansas, health equity strike teams (HESTs) were deployed to address vaccine disparities. A total of 13 470 vaccinations were administered by HESTs to 10 047 eligible people at 45 events. Among these individuals, 5645 (56.2%) were African Ameri...
American Journal of Public Health; Atencio M, James-Tohe H et. al.
Dec 23rd, 2021 - Arguing for the importance of robust public participation and meaningful Tribal consultation to address the cumulative impacts of federal projects, we bridge interdisciplinary perspectives across law, public health, and Indigenous studies. We focus on openings in existing federal law to involve Tribes and publics more meaningfully in resource management planning, while recognizing the limits of...
JAMA Network Open; Stern N, Ly TL et. al.
Dec 22nd, 2021 - Association of Race and Ethnicity With Prostate Cancer-Specific Mortality in Canada.|2021|Stern N,Ly TL,Welk B,Chin J,Ballucci D,|epidemiology,statistics & numerical data,ethnology,mortality,statistics & numerical data,
Journal of Cystic Fibrosis : Official Journal of the Euro... Albon D, Van Citters AD et. al.
Dec 22nd, 2021 - Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there was an uptake of telehealth in cystic fibrosis care. Previous studies show disparities in telehealth use based on socioeconomic status (SES). We aimed to: (1) understand telehealth use and perceptions and (2) identify the facilitators and barriers to telehealth use among people with CF and their families (PwCF) from diverse racial/ethnic and socioeconomic bac...
JAMA Network Open; Boakye E, Kwapong YA et. al.
Dec 21st, 2021 - Preeclampsia is an independent risk factor for future cardiovascular disease and disproportionally affects non-Hispanic Black women. The association of maternal nativity and duration of US residence with preeclampsia and other cardiovascular risk factors is well described among non-Hispanic Black women but not among women of other racial and ethnic groups. To examine differences in cardiovascul...
The Lancet. Psychiatry; Cénat JM
Dec 19th, 2021 - Ottawa, Canada.|2021|Cénat JM,|ethnology,ethnology,therapy,ethnology,ethnology,
The New England Journal of Medicine; Foxworth R, Redvers N et. al.
Dec 18th, 2021 - Covid-19 Vaccination in American Indians and Alaska Natives - Lessons from Effective Community Responses.|2021|Foxworth R,Redvers N,Moreno MA,Lopez-Carmen VA,Sanchez GR,|statistics & numerical data,ethnology,prevention & control,organization & administration,statistics & numerical data,
The Lancet. Global Health; Brakema EA, van der Kleij RMJJ et. al.
Dec 18th, 2021 - Effectiveness of health programmes can be undermined when the implementation misaligns with local beliefs and behaviours. To design context-driven implementation strategies, we explored beliefs and behaviours regarding chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in diverse low-resource settings. This observational mixed-method study was conducted in Africa (Uganda), Asia (Kyrgyzstan and Vietnam) and Euro...
American Family Physician; Rodríguez JE, Campbell KM et. al.
Dec 17th, 2021 - Dismantling Anti-Black Racism in Medicine.|2021|Rodríguez JE,Campbell KM,Washington JC,|ethnology,standards,prevention & control,psychology,trends,
JAMA Network Open; Daugherty SL, Helmkamp L et. al.
Dec 17th, 2021 - Stereotype threat, or the fear of confirming a negative stereotype about one's social group, may contribute to racial differences in adherence to medications by decreasing patient activation to manage chronic conditions. To examine whether a values affirmation writing exercise improves medication adherence and whether the effect differs by patient race. The Hypertension and Values trial, a pati...