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About 1,465,640 results

Dentofacial manifestations of fetal warfarin syndrome in a paediatric patient.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243890
BMJ Case Reports; Rahul M, Shrivastava N et. al.

Jan 19th, 2022 - Anticoagulant therapy is commonly indicated during pregnancy to prevent thrombosis and prevention of prosthetic heart valve-associated thromboembolic events. Warfarin is a synthetic anticoagulant with low molecular weight and can cross the placenta resulting in congenital abnormalities termed fetal warfarin syndrome. This paper highlights the case of an 8-year-old boy with warfarin embryopathy....

Unusual case of ascites secondary to unilateral distal ureteric obstruction in an infant.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243949
BMJ Case Reports; Chinnadurai AV, Hong JSS et. al.

Jan 19th, 2022 - Congenital obstructive uropathy is a rare cause of ascites in infants. Majority of reported cases of genitourinary causes of ascites were due to posterior urethral valve. Here, we report a 6-month-old boy who presented with progressive tense ascites and peritonitis attributed by unilateral left distal ureteric obstruction and acute pyonephrosis. He underwent left nephrostomy placement, after wh...

Extensive porto-splenic venous thrombosis postsplenectomy in a sickle cell disease: a r...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-245085
BMJ Case Reports; Al Barhi T, Wali Y et. al.

Jan 19th, 2022 - Hereditary haemoglobinopathies are common disorders in Oman. The most common haematological disorder among Omani population is sickle cell disease (SCD). The spleen is one of the organs that is affected early in the first decade of life in SCD patients. Splenectomy has shown a high success rate in improving the quality of life in SCD patients, through eliminating acute splenic sequestration cri...

Sudden cardiac arrest as a presenting symptom of mitral valve prolapse.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-245734
BMJ Case Reports; Aderibigbe FJ, Mckenzie K et. al.

Jan 19th, 2022 - Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common and predominantly benign condition; however, occasional reports of cardiac arrest in individuals with MVP have raised concern for a malignant subtype. The risk of sudden cardiac arrest in MVP is twice as high as that in the general population. The exact aetiology and risk predictors are elusive, but identification is necessary, if we are to protect patien...

Seizure as the presenting sign of idiopathic intracranial hypertension.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-246604
BMJ Case Reports; Sayal AP, Vyas M et. al.

Jan 19th, 2022 - A 38-year-old man presented to the emergency room with a new generalised tonic-clonic seizure. He also complained of headaches, and brain MRI/magnetic resonance venography (MRV) showed an anterior left temporal encephalocoele with gliosis and brain parenchyma herniating into the left foramen ovale. Ophthalmic examination revealed bilateral optic disc oedema and his lumbar puncture confirmed an ...

Gelatinous bone marrow transformation due to extensive weight loss in median arcuate li...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-246916
BMJ Case Reports; Miguelañez Matute L, van Noord D et. al.

Jan 19th, 2022 - A 34-year-old man was referred to the outpatient clinic because of progressive abdominal pain, weight loss and pancytopenia. His body mass index (BMI) had fallen to 14.2 kg/m2 A CT angiography (CTA) showed narrowing of the truncus coeliacus with poststenotic dilation, and duodenal biopsy revealed ischaemia establishing a rare diagnosis: median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS). This explained th...

Rehabilitation of visual perception in cortical blindness.
https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819410-2.00030-8
Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Saionz EL, Busza A et. al.

Jan 18th, 2022 - Blindness is a common sequela after stroke affecting the primary visual cortex, presenting as a contralesional, homonymous, visual field cut. This can occur unilaterally or, less commonly, bilaterally. While it has been widely assumed that after a brief period of spontaneous improvement, vision loss becomes stable and permanent, accumulating data show that visual training can recover some of th...

Is postoperative cognitive decline after cardiac surgery associated with plasma beta am...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8762893
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery; Požgain Z, Dulić G et. al.

Jan 18th, 2022 - Postoperative cognitive decline following cardiac surgery is one of the frequently reported complications affecting postoperative outcome, characterized by impairment of memory or concentration. The aetiology is considered multifactorial and the research conducted so far has presented contradictory results. The proposed mechanisms to explain the cognitive decline associated with cardiac surgery...

Life habits of postmenopausal women: Association of menopause symptom intensity and foo...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2021.10.015
Maturitas Noll PRES, Noll M et. al.

Jan 17th, 2022 - To evaluate in postmenopausal women the association between menopause symptom intensity and the quality of life and clinical, anthropometric, and lifestyle factors, focusing on food consumption by degree of processing. A cross-sectional study of 288 postmenopausal women using interviews. The Kupperman-Blatt Menopausal Index and the Women's Health Questionnaire were used to evaluate the main out...

Secondary hypogonadism following hand, foot, and mouth disease in an adult: a case repo...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8760742
BMC Infectious Diseases; Chen Z, Jiang C et. al.

Jan 17th, 2022 - Previous reports have described hypogonadism associated with virus infection such as hantavirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2). However, to our best knowledge there has been no case report of secondary hypogonadism following hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). A previously healthy 28-year-old man with no history of major phy...

Duration of postoperative hyperlactatemia has predictive value in recurrent fistula aft...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8761294
BMC Surgery; Huang M, Tian W et. al.

Jan 17th, 2022 - The present study aimed to identify the predictive value of duration of postoperative hyperlactatemia in screening patients at high risk of recurrent fistula after major definitive surgery (DS) for intestinal fistula. If the initial postoperative lactate (IPL) > 2 mmol/L, DS was defined as major definitive surgery. The 315 enrolled patients with major DS were divided into group A (2 mmol/L < IP...

Simple and effective serum biomarkers potential for predicting status epilepticus in an...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8759236
BMC Neurology; Liu Y, Ma L et. al.

Jan 16th, 2022 - Patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis who also present with status epilepticus (SE) often have a poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to explore simple and effective predictors for anti-NMDAR encephalitis accompanied with SE. We retrospectively analyzed 65 anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients from January 2015 to December 2018 who admitted to the Third Affiliated...

Distribution of risk factors of ischemic stroke in Chinese young adults and its correla...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8759205
BMC Neurology; Wu X, Zou Y et. al.

Jan 16th, 2022 - The risk factors for ischemic stroke in young people are complex, varied and closely related to prognosis. This study aims to analyze the risk factors for ischemic stroke in Chinese young people and to explore the main factors influencing the prognosis. A total of 444 patients aged 16 to 45 years with ischemic stroke admitted to Suzhou tertiary hospital from 2011 to 2019 were retrospectively an...

Transitory ischemic attack associated with a rare fenestration of the cervical segment ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8760826
Journal of Medical Case Reports; Christian N, Angelina P et. al.

Jan 16th, 2022 - Fenestration of the cervical segment of the internal carotid artery is a very rare finding, and its origin is still not fully understood. Explanations of its genesis range from dissections leading to the fenestration to the more common interpretation as a developmental vascular variant. However, most reported cases were symptomatic and presented with dissections, where even endovascular treatme...

Pregnancy-related claustrophobia.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-246568
BMJ Case Reports; Keane N, Farrell A et. al.

Jan 15th, 2022 - A 35-year-old primigravida presented with significant anxiety symptoms at 26 weeks' gestation. Symptoms were preceded by a nightmare about her upcoming labour. She developed repetitive intrusive thoughts of being trapped emotionally and physically in her pregnancy. Her symptoms were suggestive of new-onset claustrophobia associated with pregnancy, which has not been previously reported on. Her ...

Structural disconnectome analysis of acute freezing of gait due to parietal stroke: imp...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-245972
BMJ Case Reports; Ferreira A, Coelho PS et. al.

Jan 15th, 2022 - Acute onset isolated freezing of gait (FOG) is a rare and defying diagnosis. Its pathophysiology is not yet totally understood and several brain regions seem to be involved. Postlesional FOG can help to shed light on the networks involved.We report a case of an 80-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with acute onset impairment of gait. Her medical history was unremarkable. ...

Colonic angiodysplasia: a culprit of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient wit...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-247595
BMJ Case Reports; Shaw MYV, Asokkumar R et. al.

Jan 15th, 2022 - A 77-year-old woman presented with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding requiring multiple hospitalisations and blood transfusions. The patient underwent repeated investigations over four hospital admissions across a span of two months. These included upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, video capsule endoscopy as well as CT enterography, without definitive localisation or treatment of the ...

Successful non-surgical treatment of pseudomonas choroidal abscess in cystic fibrosis w...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-245238
BMJ Case Reports; Pujari R, Bhatia B et. al.

Jan 15th, 2022 - Pseudomonas aeruginosa choroidal abscess is a rare condition which tends to affect patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) who have undergone double lung transplantation. Various surgical treatment strategies have been described but almost universally have had a dismal prognosis. We present a case of pseudomonas choroidal abscess in a CF patient with previous double lung transplantation who was mana...

A 58-Year-Old Woman with Gallstones, Chronic Pancreatitis, and Pancreatic Pseudocyst Pr...
https://doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.934247
The American Journal of Case Reports; Jamil SB, Abbas SH et. al.

Jan 15th, 2022 - BACKGROUND Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. PPF results from the release of pancreatic enzymes, either from a damaged pancreatic duct or pancreatic pseudocyst. This report is of a 58-year-old woman with a history of chronic pancreatitis associated with gallstones who had a known pancreatic pseudocyst that was being managed conservatively...

Masked diabetes insipidus in pituitary metastasis from breast cancer after thalamic bio...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8759158
Journal of Medical Case Reports; Hashimoto H, Maruo T et. al.

Jan 15th, 2022 - Symptomatic pituitary metastasis is rare; furthermore, it can result in diabetes insipidus and panhypopituitarism. Since diabetes insipidus is masked by concurrent panhypopituitarism, it can impede the diagnosis of pituitary dysfunction. A 68-year-old Japanese female suffering from pituitary and thalamic metastases caused by untreated breast cancer, underwent a biopsy targeting the thalamus, no...