About 88,185 results

Settlement, environment, and climate change in SW Anatolia: Dynamics of regional variat...
PloS One; Jacobson MJ, Pickett J et. al.

Jun 28th, 2022 - This paper develops a regional dataset of change at 381 settlements for Lycia-Pamphylia in southwest Anatolia (Turkey) from volume 8 of the Tabula Imperii Byzantini-a compilation of historical toponyms and archaeological evidence. This region is rich in archaeological remains and high-quality paleo-climatic and -environmental archives. Our archaeological synthesis enables direct comparison of t...

What did megalodon the mega-toothed shark eat? Anything it wanted.
https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-022-01701-3 10.1126/sciadv.abl6529

Jun 23rd, 2022 - What did megalodon the mega-toothed shark eat? Anything it wanted.|2022||history,anatomy & histology,physiology,

German pathology professor Philipp Schwartz: His enduring life from Frankfurt to Istanb...
Annals of Diagnostic Pathology; Paksoy N

Jun 21st, 2022 - Many scientists were forced to leave Germany mostly under challenging circumstances as a result of the pressure applied to anti-Nazi German scientists and artists (mostly from the medical field) who were or were not of Jewish origin before World War II. They emigrated primarily to the United States, Switzerland, Turkey and South America. Two eminent pathology professors, namely Prof. Philipp Sc...

Medieval treatment of epilepsy in England.
The Lancet. Neurology; Mohammed H

Jun 19th, 2022 - Medieval treatment of epilepsy in England.|2022|Mohammed H,|history,therapy,

Pioneers in Dermatology and Venereology: an interview with Professor Georg Stingl.
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venere... Stingl G

Jun 18th, 2022 - Pioneers in Dermatology and Venereology: an interview with Professor Georg Stingl.|2022|Stingl G,|history,history,

Division of labor, specialization and diversity in the ancient Roman cities: A quantita...
PloS One; Kaše V, Heřmánková P et. al.

Jun 17th, 2022 - Recent empirical studies on the division of labor in modern cities indicate a complex web of relationships between sectoral specialization of cities and their productivity on one hand and sectoral diversification and resilience on the other. Emerging scholarly consensus suggests that ancient urbanism has more in common with modern urban development than previously thought. We explore whether mo...

Anthropogenic legacies shaping the present composition of demarcation trees in a temper...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-022-00543-7 10.1016/j.biocon.2006.06.008 10.1023/A:1018991329431 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00924.x 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108427 10.1016/0169-2046(94)02026-C 10.1016/j.agee.2013.08.018 10.4324/9781315561066-3 10.16993/rl.ae 10.1126/science.aal0157 10.1371/journal.pone.0235819 10.3732/ajb.1700070 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2001.tb00490.x 10.2307/1161191 10.1007/BF00712054 10.1186/2193-1801-1-57 10.1186/s13002-019-0301-8 10.3390/su12010348 10.11416/kontyushigen1930.21.215 10.5190/tga.64.102 10.1515/9780824841591 10.1525/9780520908765
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine; Yoshinori T, Kenichiro K et. al.

Jun 16th, 2022 - Isolated trees are often planted in agricultural landscapes around the world, but their planting background often remains unclear. In this study, we examined the history of demarcation trees in Ibaraki Prefecture in eastern Japan by using land dispute records mainly from the early modern period (from 1600 to 1868), the Rapid Survey Map (RSM) drawn in the late nineteenth century, demarcation tre...

The source of the Black Death in fourteenth-century central Eurasia.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04800-3 10.1162/jinh_a_01376 10.1038/nature10549 10.1017/S0022050717000092 10.1017/S1361491607002031 10.1073/pnas.1205750110 10.1038/s41467-019-12154-0 10.1371/journal.pone.0187230 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01106 10.1073/pnas.2009677117 10.1073/pnas.1812865115 10.17302/TMG.1-1.11 10.1163/18747167-12341321 10.1093/ahr/rhaa511 10.1038/nature14558 10.1186/s13059-019-1903-0 10.1073/pnas.1820447116 10.1146/annurev-genom-091416-035526 10.7554/eLife.12994 10.1016/S2666-5247(20)30176-2 10.1038/s41467-018-04550-9 10.1093/ve/vex042 10.1038/ng.705 10.1101/gr.251678.119 10.1016/j.celrep.2021.109278 10.1038/s41586-018-0094-2 10.1128/CMR.17.2.434-464.2004 10.1038/s41576-019-0119-1 10.1017/mdh.2021.3 10.1162/002219503322645439 10.4178/epih/e2015050 10.1073/pnas.1412887112 10.1086/711596 10.1038/srep43467 10.1101/gr.232397.117 10.1073/pnas.1314445110 10.1101/pdb.prot5448 10.1098/rstb.2013.0624 10.1093/nar/gkr771 10.1186/s13104-016-1900-2 10.1093/nar/gkv1189 10.1038/s41559-017-0446-6 10.1093/bioinformatics/btp352 10.1093/bioinformatics/btt193 10.1038/s41596-020-0338-0 10.1016/j.cub.2017.10.025 10.1038/nature16152 10.1073/pnas.1221359110 10.1038/nature14317 10.1186/s13059-016-0918-z 10.1073/pnas.1105107108 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004957 10.1038/ng.806 10.1038/nature13591 10.1093/molbev/msw170 10.1128/genomeA.00847-17 10.1128/JB.186.15.5147-5152.2004 10.1093/bioinformatics/btu033 10.1093/bioinformatics/btq166 10.1016/0006-3207(92)91201-3 10.18637/jss.v053.i09 10.1093/molbev/msw054 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006650 10.1093/molbev/msi103 10.1126/science.aaw8977 10.1038/s41598-020-66012-x 10.1126/science.abi5658 10.1038/s41559-020-1106-9 10.1186/s13059-020-02112-1 10.1073/pnas.1207965110 10.1038/nmeth.2109 10.1007/s11357-008-9053-4 10.1111/1749-4877.12511 10.1073/pnas.1715640115 10.1080/01621459.1995.10476572 10.1093/ve/vew007 10.1093/molbev/msaa163
Nature Spyrou MA, Musralina L et. al.

Jun 16th, 2022 - The origin of the medieval Black Death pandemic (AD 1346-1353) has been a topic of continuous investigation because of the pandemic's extensive demographic impact and long-lasting consequences1,2. Until now, the most debated archaeological evidence potentially associated with the pandemic's initiation derives from cemeteries located near Lake Issyk-Kul of modern-day Kyrgyzstan1,3-9. These sites...

NIH Funding of Violence Research by Institute, 2011 to 2020.
JAMA Williams JR, Burton CW et. al.

Jun 15th, 2022 - NIH Funding of Violence Research by Institute, 2011 to 2020.|2022|Williams JR,Burton CW,Anderson JC,Draughon Moret JE,|history,economics,economics,history,

Hidden signatures of early fire at Evron Quarry (1.0 to 0.8 Mya).
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Un... Stepka Z, Azuri I et. al.

Jun 14th, 2022 - Pyrotechnology is a key element of hominin evolution. The identification of fire in early hominin sites relies primarily on an initial visual assessment of artifacts' physical alterations, resulting in potential underestimation of the prevalence of fire in the archaeological record. Here, we used a suite of spectroscopic techniques to counter the absence of visual signatures for fire and demons...

Exploring the ancient chemistry of mercury.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Un... Marchini M, Gandolfi M et. al.

Jun 8th, 2022 - This paper explores the chemistry of mercury as described in ancient alchemical literature. Alchemy's focus on the knowledge and manipulation of natural substances is not so different from modern chemistry's purposes. The great divide between the two is marked by the way of conceptualizing and recording their practices. Our interdisciplinary research group, composed of chemists and historians o...

The Relation of Diseases of the Skin to General Conditions.

Jun 8th, 2022 - The Relation of Diseases of the Skin to General Conditions.|2022||history,therapy,

Vaccination in the 19th century in Italy and the role of the catholic church in public ...
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene; Martini M, Brigo F et. al.

Jun 2nd, 2022 - Using the case of the vaccine against smallpox as an example, this article explores how the attitude and the politics of the Vatican State towards vaccination changed between the 18th and 19th century. Despite some notable exceptions, the Catholic Church became progressively involved in supporting vaccination in Italy, exerting its temporal and spiritual authority to develop healthcare policies...

"Call Me by Your Name": The Wrong Action: From Ferenczi to Enactment as a Process.
Psychoanalytic Review; Riefolo G

Jun 2nd, 2022 - It is always hard for psychoanalysis to connect free associations and action. With Freud, action could be interpreted only when it referred to the transference; otherwise, action was a resistance to the possibility of free association. Unlike Freud, Ferenczi recognized the importance of the analyst's acting-out as the patient's unconscious request for experiences of trauma to be mobilized. By p...

25 years of valuing ecosystems in decision-making.
https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-022-01480-x 10.1038/387253a0 10.1016/S0921-8009(98)00017-2 10.1038/35481 10.5822/978-1-64283-004-0_13 10.5822/978-1-64283-004-0_12 10.1038/s41893-018-0033-0 10.1126/science.aaw3372 10.1038/s42949-021-00027-9 10.1073/pnas.1406483112 10.1073/pnas.1911439117
Nature Daily GC, Ruckelshaus M

Jun 1st, 2022 - 25 years of valuing ecosystems in decision-making.|2022|Daily GC,Ruckelshaus M,|economics,history,economics,history,

Lidar reveals pre-Hispanic low-density urbanism in the Bolivian Amazon.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04780-4 10.15184/aqy.2015.51 10.1073/pnas.1306539110 10.1126/science.aau0137 10.1073/pnas.1205198109 10.1126/science.1159769 10.1038/35041555 10.1177/0959683612437872 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.011 10.1016/j.jas.2011.09.021 10.1016/j.yqres.2013.06.005 10.1371/journal.pone.0214638 10.1080/00293652.2016.1164749 10.3389/fdigh.2019.00014 10.1126/science.1219982 10.1017/S0003598X00114589 10.1038/s41586-020-2343-4 10.15184/aqy.2019.133 10.15184/aqy.2015.157 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.08.050 10.1080/00934690.2020.1713287 10.3390/rs11070747 10.3390/rs3020398
Nature Prümers H, Betancourt CJ et. al.

May 26th, 2022 - Archaeological remains of agrarian-based, low-density urbananism1-3 have been reported to exist beneath the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka and Central America4-6. However, beyond some large interconnected settlements in southern Amazonia7-9, there has been no such evidence for pre-Hispanic Amazonia. Here we present lidar data of sites belonging to the Casarabe culture (around AD ...

Henri Legrand du Saulle's 1873 book: "La Folie Héréditaire" (hereditary madness).
American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychi... Kendler KS

May 25th, 2022 - In his 1873 monograph "La Folie Héréditaire," the French Alienist Legrand du Saulle (LdS) first outlined his understanding of hereditary factors in insanity and then described in detail the theory of Hereditary Madness (HM) that emerged from the writings of his mentor Bénédict Morel. This form of insanity was thought to arise only in families with neuropathic traits. Degeneration theory, propos...

Joseph L.A. Ghesquiere (Halle, Belgium, November 30, 1925 - Archennes, Belgium, January...
Annals of Human Biology; Little MA, Malina RM

May 25th, 2022 - Joseph L.A. Ghesquiere (Halle, Belgium, November 30, 1925 - Archennes, Belgium, January 26, 2021).|2022|Little MA,Malina RM,|history,history,

The avid eaters of lives. New and old infectious diseases in Italy at the time of World...
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene; Martini M, Simonetti O et. al.

May 24th, 2022 - World War I hit Italy from different perspectives. The one here described under an historical point of view regards the health of military and civil population, with a special focus on infective diseases. The 20th Century was the fuse of degeneration and eugenetics theories; which grew in the melée of war and technological innovation. Indeed, war is interestingly depicted as an entity capable o...

Presentation of the AGA William Beaumont Prize in Gastroenterology to Chung Owyang, MD,...
Gastroenterology Podolsky DK

May 21st, 2022 - Presentation of the AGA William Beaumont Prize in Gastroenterology to Chung Owyang, MD, AGAF.|2022|Podolsky DK,|history,