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About 455 results

Type D personality is associated with depressive symptoms and clinical activity in infl...
https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.16365
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics; Jordi SBU, Botte F et. al.

May 12th, 2021 - Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be exacerbated by stress and depression. Type D personality, characterised by high negative affectivity and social inhibition, represents a vulnerability towards stressors and is associated with adverse outcomes in coronary heart disease. To assess the prevalence of Type D personality in IBD patients and investigate potential associations with disease course...

Glucose Abnormalities and Inappropriate Weight Gain Predict Negative Pregnancy Outcomes...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-021-05373-2
Obesity Surgery; Gohier H, Guyard-Boileau B et. al.

Apr 3rd, 2021 - Pregnancy after gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery remains at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus, prematurity, and small for gestational age infants (SGA). Our objective was to describe the interstitial glucose (IG) profiles and weight changes during such pregnancies, and the association of these factors with adverse pregnancy outcomes. One hundred twenty two pregnancies were analyzed in a ...

Gender Differences in the Prediction of Alcohol Intoxication among Adolescents.
https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2021.1906278
Substance Use & misUse; Jovičić Burić D, Muslić D et. al.

Apr 2nd, 2021 - Alcohol is one of the most commonly consumed substances in adolescence and can lead to many (mental) health problems. This study aimed to examine social determinants related to family, peers and school achievement as risk factors for alcohol intoxication (AI) among adolescents and to examine whether these risk factors differ in their prediction of AI concerning potential gender differences. The...

Radiographic sacroiliitis progression in axial spondyloarthritis: central reading of 5 ...
https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keab091
Rheumatology (Oxford, England); Protopopov M, Proft F et. al.

Feb 5th, 2021 - Radiographic sacroiliitis progression in axial spondyloarthritis: central reading of 5 year follow-up data from the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society cohort.|2021|Protopopov M,Proft F,Sepriano A,Landewé R,van der Heijde D,|diagnostic imaging,diagnostic imaging,Follow-Up Studies,

Improved detection of sentinel lymph node metastases allows reliable intraoperative ide...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7882580
Clinical & Experimental Metastasis; Cotarelo CL, Zschöck-Manus A et. al.

Nov 30th, 2020 - An improved procedure that allows accurate detection of negative sentinel lymph node (SLN) and of SLN macrometastases during surgery would be highly desirable in order to protect patients from further surgery and to avoid unnecessary costs. We evaluated the accuracy of an intraoperative procedure that combines touch imprint cytology (TIC) and subsequent frozen section (FS) analysis. 2276 SLNs f...

Feasibility of online home spirometry in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lun...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8121441
Rheumatology (Oxford, England); Moor CC, van Leuven SI et. al.

Nov 20th, 2020 - Frequent monitoring of forced vital capacity at home may be of added value in patients with SSc-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) to monitor disease progression and guide treatment decisions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and optimal frequency of online home spirometry using a home monitoring application in patients with SSc-ILD. This was a prospective, obse...

Prehabilitation for Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgical Patients: Interim Analysis Demonstr...
https://doi.org/10.1177/0003134820952378
The American Surgeon; Baimas-George M, Watson M et. al.

Nov 11th, 2020 - Prehabilitation encompasses multidisciplinary interventions to improve health and lessen incidence of surgical deterioration by reducing physiologic stress and functional decline. This study presents an interim analysis to demonstrate prehabilitation for hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgical patients. In 2018, a structured prehabilitation pilot program was implemented. Eligibility required HPB ...

Performance of the cuff leak test in adults in predicting post-extubation airway compli...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7648377
Critical Care (London, England); Kuriyama A, Jackson JL et. al.

Nov 9th, 2020 - Clinical practice guidelines recommend performing a cuff leak test in mechanically ventilated adults who meet extubation criteria to screen those at high risk for post-extubation stridor. Previous systematic reviews demonstrated excellent specificity of the cuff leak test but disagreed with respect to sensitivity. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic accur...

Outcome of Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis for Displaced Intra-articular Calcaneal Fr...
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2020.06.017
The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery : Official Publicat... Gamal O, Gamal O et. al.

Nov 9th, 2020 - This prospective study sought to assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive osteosynthesis using cannulated screws and to examine the effect of different parameters on the functional outcome. The Maryland foot score and the visual analog scale of pain were used to assess the functional outcomes and postoperative patient's satisfaction rate. Preoperative and postoperat...

A quality improvement study on the reduction of central venous catheter-associated bloo...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.09.002
American Journal of Infection Control; Cruz-Aguilar R, Carney J et. al.

Sep 24th, 2020 - Contamination of the catheter hub is an important source of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI); catheter hub caps incorporating a 70% isopropyl alcohol aim are designed to reduce contamination and hence CLABSI rates. Supporting data in high-risk hematological and oncological patients on the clinical effectiveness of this approach are sparse. We conducted a before-after sing...

What is the optimal regimen for intravenous dexamethasone administration in primary tot...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7478557
Medicine Liang D, Xue C et. al.

Sep 10th, 2020 - A number of recent studies have investigated the optimal dosage and timing of dexamethasone in total hip arthroplasty (THA) but have inconsistent findings. Therefore, we designed the randomized controlled research to look for the optimal intravenous dexamethasone dose for the treatment of early postoperative pain after the THA. The Declaration of Helsinki principles was followed and the Consoli...

Atypical presentation of Cat Eye Syndrome in an infant with Peters anomaly and micropht...
https://doi.org/10.1080/13816810.2020.1814346
Ophthalmic Genetics; Katz B, Enright J et. al.

Sep 1st, 2020 - To describe a unique ocular presentation of Cat Eye Syndrome and review the ocular and systemic findings associated with the syndrome. Case report with multimodal imaging. A newborn female presented with a unilateral Peters anomaly with contralateral microphthalmia with cyst. The patient's other systemic findings included a hypoplastic right heart, persistent ductus arteriosus, intrauterine gro...

Chronic Neuropathic Pain Following Hand Burns: Etiology, Treatment, and Long-Term Outco...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2020.07.001
The Journal of Hand Surgery; Klifto KM, Yesantharao PS et. al.

Aug 29th, 2020 - Chronic neuropathic pain (CNP) after burn injury to the hand/upper extremity is relatively common, but not well described in the literature. This study characterizes patients with CNP after hand/upper extremity burns to help guide risk stratification and treatment strategies. We hypothesize that multiple risk factors contribute to the development of CNP and refractory responses to treatment. Pa...

Trends in Mortality and Costs of Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-3564
Pediatrics Sanaiha Y, Khoubian JJ et. al.

Aug 18th, 2020 - Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been used for >30 years as a life-sustaining therapy in critically ill patients for a variety of indications. In the current study, we aimed to examine trends in use, mortality, length of stay (LOS), and costs for pediatric ECLS hospitalizations. We performed a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients (between the ages of 28 days and <21 years) on ...

Different Characteristics of Ex-Smokers and Current Smokers with COPD: A Cross-Sectiona...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7354950
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Di... Liu C, Cheng W et. al.

Aug 6th, 2020 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), usually caused by tobacco smoking, is increased in China. Smoking cessation is the first step in COPD management. Data on predictors of smoking cessation are sparse in COPD patients in China. We aim to find the differences in the clinical characteristics between ex-smokers and current smokers with COPD to determine the factors related to smoking ces...

Left ventricular mechanical dispersion in ischaemic cardiomyopathy: association with my...
https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jeaa187
European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Imaging; Abou R, Prihadi EA et. al.

Aug 1st, 2020 - Left ventricular (LV) mechanical dispersion (MD) may result from heterogeneous electrical conduction and is associated with adverse events. The present study investigated (i) the association between LV MD and the extent of LV scar as assessed with contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and (ii) the prognostic implications of LV MD in patients after ST-segment elevation myocardial in...

Radiation-induced spinal cord glioblastoma subsequent to treatment of medulloblastoma: ...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-020-04817-x
Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the I... Kim M, Cooper J et. al.

Jul 24th, 2020 - Medulloblastomas are one of the most common malignant pediatric brain tumors. Therapy has evolved into multimodality treatments consisting of surgery, radiation, and adjuvant chemotherapy. While craniospinal radiation remains standard for patients older than 3 years of age, it is not free of side effects and long-term complications. The development of malignant gliomas following therapy is a we...

Predictive value of interim 18F-FDG-PET in patients with non-small cell lung cancer tre...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7371172
PloS One; Kim N, Kim JS et. al.

Jul 21st, 2020 - We evaluated that early metabolic response determined by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) during radiotherapy (RT), predicts outcomes in non-small cell lung cancer. Twenty-eight patients evaluated using pretreatment 18F-FDG-PET/CT (PETpre) and interim 18F-FDG-PET/CT (PETinterim) after 11 fractions of RT were retrospectively reviewed. Maximum s...

Pearls and pitfalls: Cold-induced urticaria.
https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2020.41.200033
Allergy and Asthma Proceedings; Mari DC, Banks TA

Jul 2nd, 2020 - Background: Cold-induced urticaria can take place either due to direct cold exposure, cryoglobulinemia, or genetic component (such as cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome), which leads to the rapid onset of urticaria and/or angioedema. It is more common in younger patients and more likely to affect females compared with males. Objective: To increase awareness of such systemic reactions of ana...

Pearls and Pitfalls in Multimodality Imaging of Colonic Volvulus.
https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2020200009
Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological ... Wortman JR, Dhyani M et. al.

Jul 2nd, 2020 - Pearls and Pitfalls in Multimodality Imaging of Colonic Volvulus.|2020|Wortman JR,Dhyani M,Ali SM,Scholz FJ,|Diagnosis, Differential,Multimodal Imaging,