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About 134,908 results

Anterior reduction and C1-ring osteosynthesis with Jefferson-fracture reduction plate (...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8406960
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders; Tu Q, Chen H et. al.

Sep 1st, 2021 - To introduce a novel transoral instrumentation in the treatment of unstable fractures of the atlas. From January 2008 to May 2018, 22 patients with unstable C1 fractures who received Jefferson-fracture reduction plate (JeRP) via transoral approach were retrospectively analyzed. The case history and the radiographs before and after surgery were noted. The type of fracture, the reduction of the f...

Radiological and mid- to long-term patient-reported outcome after stabilization of trau...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8407019
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders; Lang S, Neumann C et. al.

Sep 1st, 2021 - For the treatment of unstable thoraco-lumbar burst fractures, a combined posterior and anterior stabilization instead of a posterior-only instrumentation is recommend in the current literature due to the instability of the anterior column. Data on restoring the bi-segmental kyphotic endplate angle (BKA) with expandable vertebral body replacements (VBR) and on the mid- to long-term patient-repor...

Aberrant right posterior sectoral duct injury necessitating liver resection.
https://doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2020.7044
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England; Bowen G, Hannan E et. al.

Sep 1st, 2021 - Aberrant insertion of the right posterior sectoral duct is a particularly hazardous variation of biliary anatomy which makes it prone to injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Such injuries are challenging to manage, as multiple therapeutic options are available with no clear consensus in the literature for an optimal approach. Options include conservative management, intraoperative ligati...

Vascular damage control at the thoracic outlet.
https://doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2020.7100
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England; McMonagle MP, Sarani B et. al.

Sep 1st, 2021 - Penetrating injuries to the subclavian artery carry a high mortality rate, especially when the patient presents in shock. Rapid and effective haemorrhage control is challenging due to the anatomical location at the thoracic outlet. Historically, vessel ligation has been used to control bleeding, but this is often performed late, when metabolic exhaustion is established, and is associated with u...

A Rare Case of Traumatic Thyroid Gland Hypoperfusion/Devascularization After a Gunshot ...
https://doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.930505
The American Journal of Case Reports; Rodriguez-Ortiz LR, Perez-Torres AM et. al.

Aug 31st, 2021 - BACKGROUND The thyroid gland is rarely injured in cases of penetrating neck trauma. Computed tomography (CT) plays a central role in prompt evaluation of the extent of penetrating neck trauma and can demonstrate thyroid gland injury. The current literature on thyroid gland injury is limited mostly to blunt trauma, with little emphasis on findings seen on CT imaging. In the present case report, ...

Hamstring Strain Injury (HSI) Prevention in Professional and Semi-Professional Football...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8394329
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Biz C, Nicoletti P et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Hamstring Strain Injuries (HSIs) are the most common type of lesion in professional footballers and the leading cause of absence days from sports. However, recent studies have shown that high-level football teams apparently do not apply any HSI prevention protocol. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of preventive strategies and protocols in reducing the incidence of hamstring musc...

Projected paediatric cervical spine imaging rates with application of NEXUS, Canadian C...
https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2020-210325
Emergency Medicine Journal : EMJ; Phillips N, Rasmussen K et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Clinical decision rules (CDRs) are commonly used to guide imaging decisions in cervical spine injury (CSI) assessment despite limited evidence for their use in paediatric populations. We set out to determine CSI incidence, imaging rates and the frequency of previously identified CSI risk factors, and thus assess the projected impact on imaging rates if CDRs were strictly applied as a rule in ou...

Surgical Outcomes After Minimally Invasive Direct Lateral Corpectomy with Percutaneous ...
https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003988
Spine Ohba T, Oba H et. al.

Aug 27th, 2021 - Retrospective observational study of a cohort of consecutive patients. The aim of this study was to compare surgical invasion, mechanical complications, and clinical and radiological outcomes 2 years after surgery between minimally invasive corpectomy following percutaneous pedicle screw placements (X-core/PPS) and posterior fixation with vertebroplasty (VP) for treating osteoporotic vertebral ...

Computed tomography-occult discoligamentous instability following blunt cervical spine ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8388292
BMJ Case Reports; Brooks CA, Dower A et. al.

Aug 27th, 2021 - Plain CT is routinely ordered following blunt trauma of the cervical spine, and performs well in the exclusion of significant bony injuries. MRI is reserved for cases of suspected neural or posterior ligamentous compromise, and when other imaging modalities are contraindicated. There are patients however, with unremarkable radiology, and without suggestive clinical features, who are later found...

Young Man With Shotgun Wound and Absent Ulnar Pulse.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2021.03.027
Annals of Emergency Medicine; Strickland M, Matsushima K

Aug 24th, 2021 - Young Man With Shotgun Wound and Absent Ulnar Pulse.|2021|Strickland M,Matsushima K,|etiology,etiology,diagnostic imaging,injuries,etiology,complications,

Grafting of iPS cell-derived tenocytes promotes motor function recovery after Achilles ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8373964
Nature Communications; Nakajima T, Nakahata A et. al.

Aug 20th, 2021 - Tendon self-renewal is a rare occurrence because of the poor vascularization of this tissue; therefore, reconstructive surgery using autologous tendon is often performed in severe injury cases. However, the post-surgery re-injury rate is relatively high, and the collection of autologous tendons leads to muscle weakness, resulting in prolonged rehabilitation. Here, we introduce an induced plurip...

Palmaris profundus in the carpal tunnel.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8370560
BMJ Case Reports; Pezas TP, Jose R

Aug 18th, 2021 - Carpal tunnel release is a routinely performed operation to relieve pressure caused by compression on the median nerve. In the majority of cases, the causation of the compression will be idiopathic. Among the secondary causes of median nerve compression is the palmaris profundus, a rare anatomical variant separate to the palmaris longus tendon. It has been suggested that it may cause carpal tun...

Meniscus Repair Techniques.
https://doi.org/10.1097/JSA.0000000000000320
Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review; Mcclain WD, DeFoor MT et. al.

Aug 17th, 2021 - The menisci play a vital role in maintaining knee function and protecting the chondral surfaces. Acute and chronic tears are common injuries among both young athletes and older patients with early degenerative changes. The progression of physiological derangement and chondral injury after meniscus injury and meniscectomy have prompted interest in expanding meniscus repair techniques. Recent lit...

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy was effective for dysphagia associated with resp...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8360423
Medicine Watanabe Y, Tamura T et. al.

Aug 17th, 2021 - Respiratory muscle paralysis due to low cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) can lead to dysphagia. Noninvasive positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy can effectively treat this type of dysphagia. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy can generate a low level of positive airway pressure resembling PAP therapy, it may improve the dysphagia. The patient was an 87-year-old man without preexi...

Extensile lateral versus sinus tarsi approach for calcaneal fractures: A meta-analysis.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8341246
Medicine Peng C, Yuan B et. al.

Aug 17th, 2021 - Calcaneal fractures are the most common tarsal bone fracture, and are often accompanied by heel pain, local swelling, tenderness, and inability to walk or stand. Surgical intervention results in better reconstruction of the calcaneal anatomy and reduces future complications; however, the optimal incision approach is still controversial. The incision is exposed better with extensile lateral appr...

Lip Laceration and Vermilion Border Repair.
https://doi.org/10.1097/TME.0000000000000356
Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal; Campo TM

Aug 17th, 2021 - Lacerations to the face and lips are commonly seen in the emergency setting from dog bites, falls, and blunt trauma (motor vehicle crash, strike with an object, etc.). Lip lacerations, especially involving the vermilion border, can be most challenging and deforming, especially when greater than 25% of the lip is involved. These lacerations require preciseness for a good cosmetic outcome. Lips a...

Intraoperative development of pulmonary thromboembolism in a bedridden patient owing to...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8294909
Medicine Kim JH, Lim H et. al.

Aug 17th, 2021 - Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a potentially life-threatening condition with high morbidity and mortality, and computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is an important diagnostic tool for patients in whom PTE is suspected; however, intraoperative PTE is very difficult to diagnose and often has a rapid clinical course. We experienced a case of intraoperative PTE with persistent tach...

Risk factors for acute kidney injury in critically ill patients with torso injury: A re...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8294861
Medicine Sul YH, Lee JY et. al.

Aug 17th, 2021 - Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in trauma patients and associated with poor outcomes. Identifying AKI risk factors in trauma patients is important for risk stratification and provision of optimal intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. This study identified AKI risk factors in patients admitted to critical care after sustaining torso injuries.We performed a retrospective chart review involving...

RSPO3 is important for trabecular bone and fracture risk in mice and humans.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8363747
Nature Communications; Nilsson KH, Henning P et. al.

Aug 15th, 2021 - With increasing age of the population, countries across the globe are facing a substantial increase in osteoporotic fractures. Genetic association signals for fractures have been reported at the RSPO3 locus, but the causal gene and the underlying mechanism are unknown. Here we show that the fracture reducing allele at the RSPO3 locus associate with increased RSPO3 expression both at the mRNA an...

The effect of total compression time and rate (slope) of compression on the incidence o...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34390625
Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine : Journal of the Undersea ... O'Neill OJ, Dayya D et. al.

Aug 15th, 2021 - Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) and middle ear barotrauma (MEB) are common reported complications during hyperbaric oxygen treatment. Our Phase I study data was the first to demonstrate a statistically significant decrease in the occurrence of symptomatic ETD and MEB. The Phase I Trial suggested the total time interval and rate (slope) of compression (ROC) may be a determining factor in ETD a...