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About 53,495 results

Nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine as adjuvants to ropivacaine in ultrasound-guided erector...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8360433
Medicine Rao J, Gao Z et. al.

Aug 17th, 2021 - Adjuvants to local anesthetics, such as nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine, can be used to improve the quality and duration of peripheral nerve block effects. Dexmedetomidine has been successfully used as an adjuvant of erector spinae plane block (ESPB) with ropivacaine in video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy surgeries (VATLS). This study aimed to compare the effects of nalbuphine and dexmedetomi...

Immediate Effects of Arm Reaching Training in Standing on Postural Control Differ betwe...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105984
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Offi... Garbus RBSC, Prado-Rico JM et. al.

Jul 27th, 2021 - Arm reaching training in standing for several weeks affects the postural control of individuals recovering from cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Whether these effects differ with the side of the brain lesion are unknown. To examine the immediate effects of a training session of arm reaching movements on the balance and trunk motion of individuals who suffered a right or left CVA. Thirty-six adul...

Computer Game Assisted Task Specific Exercises in the Treatment of Motor and Cognitive ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105991
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Offi... Ozen S, Senlikci HB et. al.

Jul 23rd, 2021 - Computer game assisted task specific exercises (CGATSE) are rehabilitation gaming systems (RGS) used in stroke rehabilitation to facilitate patient performance of high intensity, task based, repetitive exercises aiming to enhance neuroplasticity. CGATSE maybe an appealing option in home based rehabilitation of stroke patients, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to determi...

Miniature neurotransmission is required to maintain Drosophila synaptic structures duri...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8292383
Nature Communications; Banerjee S, Vernon S et. al.

Jul 22nd, 2021 - The decline of neuronal synapses is an established feature of ageing accompanied by the diminishment of neuronal function, and in the motor system at least, a reduction of behavioural capacity. Here, we have investigated Drosophila motor neuron synaptic terminals during ageing. We observed cumulative fragmentation of presynaptic structures accompanied by diminishment of both evoked and miniatur...

Effects of paired associated stimulation with different stimulation position on motor c...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2021.06.028
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience : Official Journal of Th... Sui YF, Tong LQ et. al.

Jul 20th, 2021 - To investigate the effects of paired associated stimulation (PAS) with different stimulation position on motor cortex excitability and upper limb motor function in patients with cerebral infarction. A total of 120 volunteers with cerebral infarction were randomly divided into four groups. Based on conventional rehabilitation treatment, the PAS stimulation group was given the corresponding posit...

Effects of Dual Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Modified Constraint-Induced...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105928
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Offi... Kim SH

Jul 14th, 2021 - Dual transcranial direct current stimulation (dual tDCS) can be combined with stroke rehabilitation interventions to promote excitatory changes in the cerebral cortex. To investigate how the combined intervention of dual tDCS and modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT) using both anodal and cathodal stimulation affects on the recovery of upper limb function in chronic stroke patien...

Cortical somatosensory processing after botulinum toxin therapy in post-stroke spasticity.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8238289
Medicine Veverka T, Hluštík P et. al.

Jun 24th, 2021 - In dystonic and spastic movement disorders, abnormalities of motor control and somatosensory processing as well as cortical modulations associated with clinical improvement after botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) treatment have been reported, but electrophysiological evidence remains controversial. In the present observational study, we aimed to uncover central correlates of post-stroke spasticity (PS...

Long-term stable efficacy of botulinum toxin A in facial movement disorders with no nee...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8238266
Medicine Badarny S, Ibrahim R et. al.

Jun 24th, 2021 - Botulinum toxin A is considered an effective treatment for involuntary facial movements. We examined whether treatment efficacy maintained or changed over time with two products, Botox and Dysport, in patients with hemifacial spasm, facial synkinesis and benign essential blepharospasm.We retrospectively investigated 87 consecutive patients (51 women, 36 men) who had undergone treatment for ≥6 y...

Morphologic classification and innervation patterns of the pectineus muscle.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-021-00619-6 10.1097/AAP.0b013e3181933b51 10.1002/ar.1090660305 10.1186/s12893-015-0095-0 10.2535/ofaj1936.69.2-3_89 10.1007/s00276-010-0741-2 10.1016/j.aanat.2020.151529 10.5115/acb.2011.44.1.1 10.1002/ar.1091360303 10.3389/fneur.2019.00616
Anatomical Science International; Kim H, Kim WK et. al.

Jun 23rd, 2021 - The purpose of this study was to identify the frequency of pectineal hiatus and of pectineus innervations, including femoral, obturator, and/or accessory obturator nerves. Also, this study sought to detailed intramuscular nervous distributions, with a particular focus on the relationship of nerves in multi-innervated pectineus. One hundred (49 right and 51 left) thighs from 52 cadavers (25 men ...

Safety and efficacy of occipital nerve stimulation for attack prevention in medically i...
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(21)00101-0
The Lancet. Neurology; Wilbrink LA, de Coo IF et. al.

Jun 20th, 2021 - Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) has shown promising results in small uncontrolled trials in patients with medically intractable chronic cluster headache (MICCH). We aimed to establish whether ONS could serve as an effective treatment for patients with MICCH. The ONS in MICCH (ICON) study is an investigator-initiated, international, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, phase 3, electrical do...

Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women: A Review.
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2021.2631
JAMA Lamvu G, Carrillo J et. al.

Jun 16th, 2021 - Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a challenging condition that affects an estimated 26% of the world's female population. Chronic pelvic pain accounts for 40% of laparoscopies and 12% of hysterectomies in the US annually even though the origin of CPP is not gynecologic in 80% of patients. Both patients and clinicians are often frustrated by a perceived lack of treatments. This review summarizes the ...

Manual Cervical Traction and Trunk Stabilization Cause Significant Changes in Upper and...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2021.01.004
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics; Bitnar P, Stovicek J et. al.

Jun 7th, 2021 - Dysfunctions in the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) levels can occur owing to poor muscle coordination, contraction, or relaxation. Such condition can possibly be addressed by functional rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to measure pressure changes in the UES and LES at rest and during routine rehabilitation techniques, that is, cervical manual ...

Severe Unilateral Proprioceptive Loss in Medullary- Rostral Spinal Cord Infarction. A P...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105882
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Offi... Caplan LR, Chang YM

Jun 3rd, 2021 - We draw attention to a unique presentation, severe unilateral loss of limb proprioception, in patients with medullary and rostral spinal cord infarction. Two patients developed acute severe proprioceptive loss in the limbs ipsilateral to infarcts that involved the caudal medulla and rostral spinal cord. They also had symptoms and signs often found in lateral medullary infarction. The propriocep...

Highly selective brain-to-gut communication via genetically defined vagus neurons.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8273126
Neuron Tao J, Campbell JN et. al.

Jun 3rd, 2021 - The vagus nerve innervates many organs, and most, if not all, of its motor fibers are cholinergic. However, no one knows its organizing principles-whether or not there are dedicated neurons with restricted targets that act as "labeled lines" to perform certain functions, including two opposing ones (gastric contraction versus relaxation). By performing unbiased transcriptional profiling of DMV ...

The Role of α7nAChR-Mediated Cholinergic Anti-Inflammatory Pathway in Vagal Nerve Regul...
https://doi.org/10.1536/ihj.18-510
International Heart Journal; Zhang SJ, Huang CX et. al.

Jun 1st, 2021 - The aim was to investigate the role of the α7nAChR-mediated cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway in vagal nerve regulated atrial fibrillation (AF).18 beagles (standard dogs for testing) were used in this study, and the effective refractory period (ERP) of atrium and pulmonary veins and AF inducibility were measured hourly during rapid atrial pacing at 800 beats/minute for 6 hours in all beagle...

Transient Quadriparesis and Cervical Neuropraxia in Elite Athletes.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2021.03.003
Clinics in Sports Medicine; Hsu WK

May 31st, 2021 - Elite athletes are often faced with difficult decisions when faced with a cervical spinal disorder. There are many aspects to consider such as the risk of further injury, short- and long-term effects on an athlete's life both during and after his/her career, and the options for treatment. Although there have been some recent contributions to this topic, the evidence-based literature is generall...

AT II Receptor Blockade and Renal Denervation: Different Interventions with Comparable ...
https://doi.org/10.1159/000515616
Kidney & Blood Pressure Research; Rodionova K, Hindermann M et. al.

May 26th, 2021 - Angiotensin II (Ang II) and the renal sympathetic nervous system exert a strong influence on renal sodium and water excretion. We tested the hypothesis that already low doses of an Ang II inhibitor (candesartan) will result in similar effects on tubular sodium and water reabsorption in congestive heart failure (CHF) as seen after renal denervation (DNX). Measurement of arterial blood pressure, ...

The Effects of Electrical Stimulation of Lower Extremity Muscles on Balance in Stroke P...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105793
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Offi... Mahmoudi Z, Mohammadi R et. al.

May 26th, 2021 - Stroke is one of the main causes of disability and the second common cause of mortality in the world. Stroke causes relatively permanent motor defects, including balance disorder, and thus affects an individual's functional capacity and independence. Many clinical types of research have been conducted to evaluate the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on balance in post-stroke pa...

Effects of Preoperative Motor Status on Intraoperative Motor-evoked Potential Monitorin...
https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003994
Spine Kobayashi K, Imagama S et. al.

May 25th, 2021 - Prospective multicenter observational study. To evaluate transcranial motor-evoked potentials (Tc-MEPs) baseline characteristics of lower limb muscles and to determine the accuracy of Tc-MEPs monitoring based on preoperative motor status in surgery for high-risk spinal disease. Neurological complications are potentially serious side effects in surgery for high-risk spine disease. Intraoperative...

Prediction of Motor Function in Stroke Patients Using Machine Learning Algorithm: Devel...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105856
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Offi... Kim JK, Choo YJ et. al.

May 23rd, 2021 - Machine learning (ML) techniques are being increasingly adopted in the medical field. We developed a deep neural network (DNN) model and applied 2 well-known ML algorithms, logistic regression and random forest, in predicting motor outcome at 6 months after stroke. In the present study, by using 14 input variables which are easily measured by clinicians, we developed ML models and investigated ...