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About 359,283 results

Removal of a catheter mount and heat-and-moisture exchanger improves hypercapnia in pat...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8428744
Medicine Shimoda T, Sekino M et. al.

Sep 14th, 2021 - To avoid ventilator-associated lung injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treatment, respiratory management should be performed at a low tidal volume of 6 to 8 mL/kg and plateau pressure of ≤30 cmH2O. However, such lung-protective ventilation often results in hypercapnia, which is a risk factor for poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effec...

The use of head helmets to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support: a comprehensive rev...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8424168
Critical Care (London, England); Coppadoro A, Zago E et. al.

Sep 10th, 2021 - A helmet, comprising a transparent hood and a soft collar, surrounding the patient's head can be used to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support, both as continuous positive airway pressure and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), the latter providing active support for inspiration. In this review, we summarize the technical aspects relevant to this device, particularly how to prev...

Reminiscence therapy exhibits alleviation of anxiety and improvement of life quality in...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8415997
Medicine Zhang L, Li Y et. al.

Sep 4th, 2021 - Although reminiscence therapy alleviates mental illness and improves quality of life in neurocognitive disorders patients, little study reports its clinical application in cancer patients. Thus, this study aimed to explore the effect of reminiscence therapy on anxiety, depression, quality of life, and survival profile in postoperative gastric cancer patients.One hundred sixty surgical gastric c...

Analgesic effects of erector spinae plane block can differ according to needle size: A ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8415956
Medicine Cho H, Chung J et. al.

Sep 4th, 2021 - Unlike brachial plexus block, erector spinae plane block (ESPB) does not target specific nerves, so the analgesic effect may differ depending on the extent of diffusion of local anesthetic. Therefore, needle size, which can affect the diffusion of local anesthetic, may be an important factor in the analgesic effect. Four patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis received vascular su...

Electrode pooling can boost the yield of extracellular recordings with switchable silic...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8413349
Nature Communications; Lee KH, Ni YL et. al.

Sep 4th, 2021 - State-of-the-art silicon probes for electrical recording from neurons have thousands of recording sites. However, due to volume limitations there are typically many fewer wires carrying signals off the probe, which restricts the number of channels that can be recorded simultaneously. To overcome this fundamental constraint, we propose a method called electrode pooling that uses a single wire to...

Self-collection and pooling of samples as resources-saving strategies for RT-PCR-based ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8412272
PloS One; Aubry M, Teiti I et. al.

Sep 3rd, 2021 - In French Polynesia, the first case of SARS-CoV-2 infection was detected on March 10th, 2020, in a resident returning from France. Between March 28th and July 14th, international air traffic was interrupted and local transmission of SARS-CoV-2 was brought under control, with only 62 cases recorded. The main challenge for reopening the air border without requiring travelers to quarantine on arri...

Self-collection of capillary blood using Tasso-SST devices for Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG anti...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8412246
PloS One; Hendelman T, Chaudhary A et. al.

Sep 3rd, 2021 - Efforts to minimize COVID-19 exposure during the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have led to limitations in access to medical care and testing. The Tasso-SST kit includes all of the components necessary for remote, capillary blood self-collection. In this study, we sought to investigate the accuracy and reliability of the Tasso-SST device as a self-collection device for measurement of SARS-CoV-2 Ig...

Performance verification of the Abbott SARS-CoV-2 test for qualitative detection of IgG...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8409620
PloS One; Castro MDM, Caicedo I et. al.

Sep 2nd, 2021 - Adequate testing is critically important for control of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Antibody testing is an option for case management and epidemiologic studies, with high specificity and variable sensitivity. However, characteristics of local populations may affect performance of these tests. For this reason, the National Institute of Health (INS) and regulatory agencies in Colombia require verifi...

Using an asymmetric crosslinked polyethylene liner in primary total hip arthroplasty is...
https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.103B9.BJJ-2021-0365.R1
The Bone & Joint Journal; Davis ET, Pagkalos J et. al.

Sep 2nd, 2021 - The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of asymmetric crosslinked polyethylene liner use on the risk of revision of cementless and hybrid total hip arthroplasties (THAs). We undertook a registry study combining the National Joint Registry dataset with polyethylene manufacturing characteristics as supplied by the manufacturers. The primary endpoint was revision for any reason. We perf...

Clinical impact of component placement in manually instrumented total knee arthroplasty...
https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.103B9.BJJ-2020-1639.R2
The Bone & Joint Journal; Kazarian GS, Lieberman EG et. al.

Sep 2nd, 2021 - The goal of the current systematic review was to assess the impact of implant placement accuracy on outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines using the Ovid Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central, and Web of Science databases in order to assess the i...

B-SOiD, an open-source unsupervised algorithm for identification and fast prediction of...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8408193
Nature Communications; Hsu AI, Yttri EA

Sep 2nd, 2021 - Studying naturalistic animal behavior remains a difficult objective. Recent machine learning advances have enabled limb localization; however, extracting behaviors requires ascertaining the spatiotemporal patterns of these positions. To provide a link from poses to actions and their kinematics, we developed B-SOiD - an open-source, unsupervised algorithm that identifies behavior without user bi...

The application of an oxygen mask, without supplemental oxygen, improved oxygenation in...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8401362
Critical Care (London, England); Dogani B, Månsson F et. al.

Aug 30th, 2021 - The application of an oxygen mask, without supplemental oxygen, improved oxygenation in patients with severe COVID-19 already treated with high-flow nasal cannula.|2021|Dogani B,Månsson F,Resman F,Hartman H,Tham J,|therapy,instrumentation,instrumentation,

Sysmex UF-5000 Automatic Urine Sediment Analyzer Can Improve the Accuracy of Epithelial...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34452897
Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science; Chen Y, Zhang Z et. al.

Aug 29th, 2021 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the consistency and accuracy of all the parameters of the urine samples detected by two automated urine sediment analyzers from Sysmex Corporation. Two automated analyzers and manual microscopy examined 1,059 urine samples. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were evaluated. The consistency of all the param...

Novel effects of acute COVID-19 on cardiac mechanical function: Two case studies.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8391984
Physiological Reports; Singh J, Bhagaloo L et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - The spread of the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic. The disease has spread rapidly, and research shows that COVID-19 can induce long-lasting cardiac damage. COVID-19 can result in elevated cardiac biomarkers indicative of acute cardiac injury, and research utilizing echocardiography has shown that there is mechanical dysfunction in these patients as well, especiall...

Implantable optical fibers for immunotherapeutics delivery and tumor impedance measurem...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8390758
Nature Communications; Chin AL, Jiang S et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Immune checkpoint blockade antibodies have promising clinical applications but suffer from disadvantages such as severe toxicities and moderate patient-response rates. None of the current delivery strategies, including local administration aiming to avoid systemic toxicities, can sustainably supply drugs over the course of weeks; adjustment of drug dose, either to lower systemic toxicities or t...

Biosafety devices to control the spread of potentially contaminated dispersion particle...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8389494
PloS One; Montalli VAM, Freitas PR et. al.

Aug 27th, 2021 - Dental procedures produce a large amount of spatter and aerosols that create concern for the transmission of airborne diseases, such as Covid-19. This study established a methodology with the objective of evaluating new associated strategies to reduce the risk of cross-transmission in a health environment by simulating spread of potentially contaminated dispersion particles (PCDP) in the enviro...

Battery-free, wireless soft sensors for continuous multi-site measurements of pressure ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8385057
Nature Communications; Oh YS, Kim JH et. al.

Aug 26th, 2021 - Capabilities for continuous monitoring of pressures and temperatures at critical skin interfaces can help to guide care strategies that minimize the potential for pressure injuries in hospitalized patients or in individuals confined to the bed. This paper introduces a soft, skin-mountable class of sensor system for this purpose. The design includes a pressure-responsive element based on membran...

Home seismometers provide crucial data on Haiti's quake.
https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-02279-y 10.3389/feart.2020.542654
Nature Witze A

Aug 22nd, 2021 - Home seismometers provide crucial data on Haiti's quake.|2021|Witze A,|economics,instrumentation,methods,epidemiology,mortality,statistics & numerical data,methods,epidemiology,

Effect of physical therapy intervention on thickness and ratio of the sternocleidomasto...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8376309
Medicine Song S, Hwang W et. al.

Aug 21st, 2021 - Early diagnosis as well as treatment is important in management of congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). The purpose of this study was to find an effective physical therapy modality to improve the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle thickness, the ratio of the SCM muscle thickness on the affected side to that on the non-affected side (A/N ratio), and head rotation in infant under 3 months of age ...

Continuous renal replacement therapy in COVID-19-associated AKI: adding heparin to citr...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8375288
Critical Care (London, England); Valle EO, Cabrera CPS et. al.

Aug 21st, 2021 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may predispose patients to thrombotic events. The best anticoagulation strategy for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in such patients is still under debate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact that different anticoagulation protocols have on filter clotting risk. This was a retrospective observational study comparing two different ...