About 102,173 results

Analysis of the Effects of COVID-19 Mask Mandates on Hospital Resource Consumption and ...
Southern Medical Journal; Schauer SG, Naylor JF et. al.

Sep 5th, 2021 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) threatens vulnerable patient populations, resulting in immense pressures at the local, regional, national, and international levels to contain the virus. Laboratory-based studies demonstrate that masks may offer benefit in reducing the spread of droplet-based illnesses, but few data are available to assess mask effects via executive order on a population basi...

Association Between Medicaid Expansion and Suicide Mortality Among Nonelderly US Adults.
American Journal of Epidemiology; Austin AE, Naumann RB et. al.

Sep 2nd, 2021 - In 2014, the Affordable Care Act gave states the option to expand Medicaid coverage to nonelderly adults (persons aged 18-64 years) with incomes up to 138% of the federal poverty level. To our knowledge, the association of Medicaid expansion with suicide, a leading cause of death in the United States, has not been examined. We used 2005-2017 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System...

Establishing the shadowline: the border between legally acceptable and unacceptable sta...
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England; Ricketts D, O'Brien A et. al.

Sep 1st, 2021 - Our study investigated how the standard of surgical care is assessed within the English and Welsh litigation process. The 'shadowline' represents the dividing line between acceptable and unacceptable standards of care. Our hypothesis was that different assessors risk adopting materially different interpretations regarding the acceptable standard of care. Any variation in the interpretation of w...

For debate: the short report - legal and ethical implications.
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England; Whitfield HN, van Dellen A

Sep 1st, 2021 - At the outset of an alleged medical negligence case, it is common for medical expert witnesses to be asked to write a brief report, sometimes called a short report or a screening report. Such requests may come from solicitors acting for a claimant or for the defence. Reassurances may be offered that the opinion given will not be disclosed. However, this is very often not the case. Doctors and t...

Medical negligence in urology: an untapped database.
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England; Whitfield HN

Sep 1st, 2021 - The aim of this study was to identify the causes of urological litigation in the NHS and to make recommendations how to reduce the burden of litigation to both injured patients and urologists. Under the Freedom of Information Act, the National Health Service Resolution (NHSR) was asked to provide the figures for the number of cases of litigation in urology reported between 2010 and 2020. The nu...

Malpractice litigation and spinal surgery in the National Health Service: a single tert...
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England; Quraishi NA, Shetaiwi A et. al.

Sep 1st, 2021 - Medical malpractice litigation is a major concern for all spine surgeons. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence and burden of successful litigation relating to the management of spinal disorders over 12 years within a UK NHS tertiary-level spinal unit and compare these litigation costs with those of other specialties. We obtained all data held by our claims department from its inception in Janu...

A literature review of consent declines and consent withdrawals in randomized controlle...
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine; Gogtay NJ, Sheth HJ et. al.

Aug 21st, 2021 - We evaluated the extent of consent declines and consent withdrawals during the COVID-19 pandemic as seen in published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and compared it with non-COVID-19 RCTs published at the same time and two historical controls. PubMed/Medline only was searched using key-word "COVID-19" and "RCTs" separately, and filtered for COVID-19 RCTs and non-COVID-19 RCTs respectively,...

The association between a statewide stay-at-home order and motor vehicle injury rates a...
Traffic Injury Prevention; Rudisill TM

Aug 20th, 2021 - Little is known about the relationship between Stay-At-Home orders issued by state governments due to the COVID-19 pandemic and their impacts on motor vehicle-related injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of a Stay-At-Home order was associated with lower rates of motor vehicle-related injuries requiring emergency medical treatment among population sub-groups ...

Modeling COVID-19 spread in small colleges.
PloS One; Bahl R, Eikmeier N et. al.

Aug 19th, 2021 - We develop an agent-based model on a network meant to capture features unique to COVID-19 spread through a small residential college. We find that a safe reopening requires strong policy from administrators combined with cautious behavior from students. Strong policy includes weekly screening tests with quick turnaround and halving the campus population. Cautious behavior from students means we...

Tailoring Public Health Policies.
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Persad G

Aug 19th, 2021 - In an effort to contain the spread of COVID-19, many states and countries have adopted public health restrictions on activities previously considered commonplace: crossing state borders, eating indoors, gathering together, and even leaving one's home. These policies often focus on specific activities or groups, rather than imposing the same limits across the board. In this Article, I consider t...

Expedited Antitrust Review of COVID-19-Related Requests.
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Lu VJ

Aug 19th, 2021 - Expedited Antitrust Review of COVID-19-Related Requests.|2021|Lu VJ,|economics,legislation & jurisprudence,legislation & jurisprudence,economics,legislation & jurisprudence,economics,legislation & jurisprudence,

Infected by Bias: Behavioral Science and the Legal Response to COVID-19.
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Teichman D, Underhill K

Aug 19th, 2021 - This Article presents the first comprehensive analysis of the contribution of behavioral science to the legal response to the COVID-19 pandemic. At the descriptive level, the Article shows how different psychological phenomena such as loss aversion and cultural cognition influenced the way policymakers and the public perceived the pandemic, and how such phenomena affected the design of laws and...

Information Opacity in Biopharmaceutical Innovation Through the Lens of COVID-19.
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Paradise J

Aug 19th, 2021 - The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed myriad and complex challenges for our national health care system spanning preparedness, response, access, costs, infrastructure, coordination, and medical innovation. These challenges implicate federal, state, and local agencies and actors, as well as international collaborative bodies. One constant throughout the pandemic has been the pressing need for safe ...

Easing Medical Device Regulatory Oversight: The FDA and Testing Amidst the COVID-19 Pan...
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Maxwell K

Aug 19th, 2021 - The FDA already subjects most medical devices to much less stringent approval requirements than drugs and biologics, and attempts to speed up rollout during the COVID crisis have been problematic. Agency decisions, including to allow antibody test marketing without emergency use authorization or review, and the back-and-forth guidance on laboratory-developed tests, have met harsh criticism and ...

Ruthless Utilitarianism? COVID-19 State Triage Protocols May Subject Patients to Racial...
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Weismann MF, Holder C

Aug 19th, 2021 - As the coronavirus pandemic intensified, many communities in the United States experienced shortages of ventilators, intensive care beds, and other medical supplies and treatments. Currently, there is no single national response to provide guidance on allocation of scarce health care resources. Accordingly, states have formulated various "triage protocols" to prioritize those who will receive c...

Access in a Crisis: The Modernization of OTC Drug Regulations.
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Harris M

Aug 19th, 2021 - Access in a Crisis: The Modernization of OTC Drug Regulations.|2021|Harris M,|legislation & jurisprudence,

Pushing Past the Pandemic: Re-evaluating Tribal Exemptions to Medicaid Work Requirements.
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Lozah K

Aug 19th, 2021 - Pushing Past the Pandemic: Re-evaluating Tribal Exemptions to Medicaid Work Requirements.|2021|Lozah K,|legislation & jurisprudence,legislation & jurisprudence,organization & administration,

Too Important for the Bureaucrats: Rethinking Risk and Regulatory Presumptions in Times...
American Journal of Law & Medicine; Toomey J

Aug 19th, 2021 - The posture of American regulation of medicine is negative-we assume that a new drug is unsafe and ineffective until it is proven safe and effective.1 This regulatory posture is a heuristic normative principle, a specific instance of the so-called precautionary principle in public health law.2 It is defensible, if debatable, in many ordinary circumstances.3 But like many normative heuristics, t...

England's health and care bill neglects service users' voice.
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Augst C, Tester N et. al.

Aug 15th, 2021 - England's health and care bill neglects service users' voice.|2021|Augst C,Tester N,Redmond I,|legislation & jurisprudence,legislation & jurisprudence,ethics,legislation & jurisprudence,statistics & numerical data,organization & administration,

Medicare Physician Payment Reform - Enhancing Incentives for Value-Based Care.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Mechanic R, Perlman A

Aug 14th, 2021 - Medicare Physician Payment Reform - Enhancing Incentives for Value-Based Care.|2021|Mechanic R,Perlman A,|economics,legislation & jurisprudence,legislation & jurisprudence,