Infectious Diseases of Poverty; Mao FZ, Chen YY et. al.
Sep 12th, 2021 - Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections still present a global health problem. Mass drug administration (MDA) is a widely applied strategy to reduce morbidity and mortality caused by STH. Yet, this approach has some shortcomings. In this study, we analyzed the impact of a multi-intervention integrated deworming approach including MDA, health education (HE), and environmental sanitation impr...
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Kirby AE, Walters MS et. al.
Sep 10th, 2021 - Wastewater surveillance, the measurement of pathogen levels in wastewater, is used to evaluate community-level infection trends, augment traditional surveillance that leverages clinical tests and services (e.g., case reporting), and monitor public health interventions (1). Approximately 40% of persons infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, shed virus RNA in their stool (2); t...
Critical Care (London, England); Banoei MM, Dinparastisaleh R et. al.
Sep 10th, 2021 - The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the SARS-Cov2 virus has become the greatest health and controversial issue for worldwide nations. It is associated with different clinical manifestations and a high mortality rate. Predicting mortality and identifying outcome predictors are crucial for COVID patients who are critically ill. Multivariate and machine learning methods may ...
Critical Care (London, England); Coppadoro A, Zago E et. al.
Sep 10th, 2021 - A helmet, comprising a transparent hood and a soft collar, surrounding the patient's head can be used to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support, both as continuous positive airway pressure and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), the latter providing active support for inspiration. In this review, we summarize the technical aspects relevant to this device, particularly how to prev...
Public Health Research & Practice; Bennett CM
Sep 9th, 2021 - The emergence of the Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2 has made Australia's 'COVID-zero' strategy unviable. As signalled by the Australian Government's National plan to transition Australia's national COVID-19 response, we need to plan a pathway forward for life beyond lockdown. However, this plan must be guided by long overdue discussions on our tolerance for serious illness, and hospital and intens...
Journal of the International AIDS Society; Hiransuthikul A, Janamnuaysook R et. al.
Sep 9th, 2021 - Provider-collected swabs are an unappealing procedure for many transgender women and may have led to suboptimal rates of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) testing. Self-collection for CT/NG testing is recommended for men who have sex with men. However, the information on acceptability and clinical performance to support a recommendation for transgender women is lacking. ...
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Un... Dalvie NC, Rodriguez-Aponte SA et. al.
Sep 9th, 2021 - Global containment of COVID-19 still requires accessible and affordable vaccines for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Recently approved vaccines provide needed interventions, albeit at prices that may limit their global access. Subunit vaccines based on recombinant proteins are suited for large-volume microbial manufacturing to yield billions of doses annually, minimizing their manufac...
Public Health Research & Practice; Capon A, Sheppeard V et. al.
Sep 9th, 2021 - To describe local operational aspects of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) response during the first three waves of outbreaks in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, which began in January, July and December 2020. Type of program or service: Public health outbreak response. Narrative with epidemiological linking and genomic testing. Epidemiological linking and genomic testing found that duri...
https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-02401-0 10.1038/s41576-018-0018-x 10.1093/hmg/ddz187 10.1038/s41698-021-00176-1 10.1038/s41588-018-0183-z 10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.11.002 10.1038/s41588-019-0379-x 10.1038/s41467-020-17374-3 10.1038/s41467-020-19966-5 10.7554/eLife.48376
Nature McCarthy M, Birney E
Sep 8th, 2021 - Personalized profiles for disease risk must capture all facets of health.|2021|McCarthy M,Birney E,|trends,methods,trends,methods,
Cardiovascular Diabetology; Rivera-Caravaca JM, Harrison SL et. al.
Sep 6th, 2021 - It remains uncertain if prior use of oral anticoagulants (OACs) in COVID-19 outpatients with multimorbidity impacts prognosis, especially if cardiometabolic diseases are present. Clinical outcomes 30-days after COVID-19 diagnosis were compared between outpatients with cardiometabolic disease receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA) or direct-acting OAC (DOAC) therapy at time of COVID-19 diagnosis. ...
Southern Medical Journal; Kountz D, Rodriguez F et. al.
Sep 5th, 2021 - Could Clinician Sensitivity to Cultural and Historical Considerations Help Reduce COVID-19 Deaths among Blacks?|2021|Kountz D,Rodriguez F,Vital V,Vora S,Gough R,|statistics & numerical data,ethnology,mortality,methods,statistics & numerical data,ethnology,epidemiology,
Southern Medical Journal; Schauer SG, Naylor JF et. al.
Sep 5th, 2021 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) threatens vulnerable patient populations, resulting in immense pressures at the local, regional, national, and international levels to contain the virus. Laboratory-based studies demonstrate that masks may offer benefit in reducing the spread of droplet-based illnesses, but few data are available to assess mask effects via executive order on a population basi...
Southern Medical Journal; Adepoju OE, Chae M et. al.
Sep 5th, 2021 - Since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many US clinics have shifted some or all of their practice from in-person to virtual visits. In this study, we assessed the use of telehealth among primary care and specialty clinics, by targeting healthcare administrators via multiple channels. Using an online survey, we assessed the use of, barriers to, and reimbursement for...
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance : Official J... Kim JY, Han K et. al.
Sep 5th, 2021 - The prevalence of abnormal cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) findings in recovered coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of abnormal CMR findings in recovered COVID-19 patients. A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies that report the prevalence of abnormal CMR findings in recovered COVID-19 patients...
International Journal of Public Health; Czaplicki L, Welding K et. al.
Sep 4th, 2021 - Objective: Limited research has examined feminine marketing appeals on cigarette packs in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). We reviewed a systematically collected sample of cigarette packs sold across 14 LMICs in 2013 (Wave 1) and 2015-2017 (Wave 2). Methods: Packs in Wave 1 (n = 3,240) and Wave 2 (n = 2,336) were coded for feminine imagery and descriptors (flowers, fashion, women/girls,...
International Journal of Public Health; Valeri L, Amsalem D et. al.
Sep 4th, 2021 - Objectives: During the first peak of the COVID-19 outbreak in the United States, we investigated the impact of digital interventions to reduce COVID-19 related fear, loneliness, and public stigma. Methods: We recruited and randomly assigned 988 United States residents to: 1) no intervention 2) informational sheet to learn about COVID-19, 3) (2) AND video encouraging digital social activity, 4) ...
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; Clemente-Moragón A, Martínez-Milla J et. al.
Sep 4th, 2021 - Severe coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) can progress to an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which involves alveolar infiltration by activated neutrophils. The beta-blocker metoprolol has been shown to ameliorate exacerbated inflammation in the myocardial infarction setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of metoprolol on alveolar inflammation and on respirat...
Anticancer Research; DE Souza DV, Suarez Alpire ME et. al.
Sep 4th, 2021 - The aim of this review was to evaluate the scientific literature regarding the cytogenetic damage in oral exfoliated cells of adult patients submitted to panoramic X-ray. An extensive search of the literature was conducted on PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases for all studies published until April 2021 using combinations of the following keywords: "panoramic X-ray," "DNA damage," "gene...
Anticancer Research; Koh SA, Lee KH
Sep 4th, 2021 - Expression of pleckstrin homology-like domain family A member 2 (PHLDA2) has been reported to be suppressed or activated in several cases of malignant tumors. However, its apoptotic regulatory mechanism and role in gastric cancer are not understood. This study examined the role of PHLDA2 in apoptosis in gastric cancer. We used cell culture, western blotting, semiquantitative reverse transcripti...
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Nature Communications; Qin X, Wu C et. al.
Sep 4th, 2021 - Peroxisome, a special cytoplasmic organelle, possesses one or more kinds of oxidases for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production and catalase for H2O2 degradation, which serves as an intracellular H2O2 regulator to degrade toxic peroxides to water. Inspired by this biochemical pathway, we demonstrate the reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced tumor therapy by integrating lactate oxidase (LOx) and ca...