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About 2,205,346 results

IVF Transfer of Fresh or Frozen Embryos in Women without Polycystic Ovaries.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1703768
The New England Journal of Medicine; Vuong LN, Dang VQ et. al.

Jan 10th, 2018 - Among women who are undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), the transfer of frozen embryos has been shown to result in a higher rate of live birth than the transfer of fresh embryos in those with infertility associated with the polycystic ovary syndrome. It is not known whether frozen-embryo transfer results in similar benefit in women with infertility that is not associated with the polycysti...

Efficacy of Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication vs Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication...
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2017.12.021
Gastroenterology Richter JE, Kumar A et. al.

Jan 6th, 2018 - The effects of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) have been compared with those of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or a sham procedure in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but there has been no direct comparison of TIF vs LNF. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to comp...

Cystic Fibrosis Colorectal Cancer Screening Consensus Recommendations.
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2017.12.012
Gastroenterology Hadjiliadis D, Khoruts A et. al.

Dec 31st, 2017 - Improved therapy has substantially increased survival of persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). But the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults with CF is 5-10 times greater compared to the general population, and 25-30 times greater in CF patients after an organ transplantation. To address this risk, the CF Foundation convened a multi-stakeholder task force to develop CRC screening recommendatio...

Effect of Bag-Mask Ventilation vs Endotracheal Intubation During Cardiopulmonary Resusc...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5838565
JAMA Jabre P, Penaloza A et. al.

Feb 27th, 2018 - Bag-mask ventilation (BMV) is a less complex technique than endotracheal intubation (ETI) for airway management during the advanced cardiac life support phase of cardiopulmonary resuscitation of patients with out-of-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest. It has been reported as superior in terms of survival. To assess noninferiority of BMV vs ETI for advanced airway management with regard to surviv...

Fluoroquinolone use and risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection: nationwide cohort study.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5842359
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Pasternak B, Inghammar M et. al.

Mar 9th, 2018 - To investigate whether oral fluoroquinolone use is associated with an increased risk of aortic aneurysm or dissection. Nationwide historical cohort study using linked register data on patient characteristics, filled prescriptions, and cases of aortic aneurysm or dissection. Sweden, July 2006 to December 2013. 360 088 treatment episodes of fluoroquinolone use (78%ciprofloxacin) and propensity sc...

Effect of Colonoscopy Outreach vs Fecal Immunochemical Test Outreach on Colorectal Canc...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5648645
JAMA Singal AG, Gupta S et. al.

Sep 5th, 2017 - Mailed fecal immunochemical test (FIT) outreach is more effective than colonoscopy outreach for increasing 1-time colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but long-term effectiveness may need repeat testing and timely follow-up for abnormal results. Compare the effectiveness of FIT outreach and colonoscopy outreach to increase completion of the CRC screening process (screening initiation and follow-u...

Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Breast Cancer Mortality in the Women's Health Initiative Ra...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5578391
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Chlebowski RT, Aragaki AK et. al.

Jun 27th, 2017 - Purpose Earlier Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification trial findings suggested that a low-fat eating pattern may reduce breast cancers with greater mortality. Therefore, as a primary outcome-related analysis from a randomized prevention trial, we examined the long-term influence of this intervention on deaths as a result of and after breast cancer during 8.5 years (median) of dietary i...

Opioid Knowledge and Prescribing Practices Among Obstetrician-Gynecologists.
https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000002407
Obstetrics and Gynecology; Madsen AM, Stark LM et. al.

Dec 7th, 2017 - To describe obstetrician-gynecologists' (ob-gyns) knowledge and prescribing practices regarding opioid analgesics. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a national sample of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Fellows and Junior Fellows who are part of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network. We used a sequential mixed-method approach. We collected data on opioid knowle...

High-Quality Diets Associate With Reduced Risk of Colorectal Cancer: Analyses of Diet Q...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5526717
Gastroenterology Park SY, Boushey CJ et. al.

Apr 21st, 2017 - Healthy eating patterns assessed by diet quality indexes (DQIs) have been related to lower risk of colorectal cancer-mostly among whites. We investigated the associations between 4 DQI scores (the Healthy Eating Index 2010 [HEI-2010], the Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010 [AHEI-2010], the alternate Mediterranean diet score [aMED], and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension score) and c...

Systematic review with meta-analysis: enteral nutrition therapy for the induction of re...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5798240
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics; Swaminath A, Feathers A et. al.

Aug 17th, 2017 - Despite potential adverse-events in a paediatric population, corticosteroids are used to induce remission in paediatric Crohn's disease. Exclusive enteral nutrition also induces remission, but is infrequently used in the USA because corticosteroids are considered the superior therapy. New data have become available since the publication of the most recent meta-analysis in 2007. To see if curren...

Effect of Trans-Nasal Evaporative Intra-arrest Cooling on Functional Neurologic Outcome...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.4149
JAMA Nordberg P, Taccone FS et. al.

May 7th, 2019 - Therapeutic hypothermia may increase survival with good neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest. Trans-nasal evaporative cooling is a method used to induce cooling, primarily of the brain, during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ie, intra-arrest). To determine whether prehospital trans-nasal evaporative intra-arrest cooling improves survival with good neurologic outcome compared with cooling init...

Effect of Mechanically Expanded vs Self-Expanding Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacemen...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5833545
JAMA Feldman TE, Reardon MJ et. al.

Jan 3rd, 2018 - Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is established for selected patients with severe aortic stenosis. However, limitations such as suboptimal deployment, conduction disturbances, and paravalvular leak occur. To evaluate if a mechanically expanded valve (MEV) is noninferior to an approved self-expanding valve (SEV) in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR. The REPRISE...

Fecal microbiota transplant for relapsing Clostridium difficile infection using a froze...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017893
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Youngster I, Sauk J et. al.

Apr 25th, 2014 - Recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) with poor response to standard antimicrobial therapy is a growing medical concern. We aimed to investigate the outcomes of fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) for relapsing CDI using a frozen suspension from unrelated donors, comparing colonoscopic and nasogastric tube (NGT) administration. Healthy volunteer donors were screened and a frozen fecal s...

Etrolizumab as induction therapy for ulcerative colitis: a randomised, controlled, phas...
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60661-9
Lancet (London, England); Vermeire S, O'Byrne S et. al.

May 12th, 2014 - Etrolizumab is a humanised monoclonal antibody that selectively binds the β7 subunit of the heterodimeric integrins α4β7 and αEβ7. We aimed to assess etrolizumab in patients with moderately-to-severely active ulcerative colitis. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, phase 2 study, patients with moderately-to-severely active ulcerative colitis who had not responded to conventiona...

Efficacy and safety of olanzapine/fluoxetine combination vs fluoxetine monotherapy foll...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4207330
Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the Ame... Brunner E, Tohen M et. al.

May 7th, 2014 - This study assessed prevention of relapse in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) taking olanzapine/fluoxetine combination (OFC). Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who failed to satisfactorily respond to ≥ 2 different antidepressants for ≥ 6 weeks within the current MDD episode were acutely treated for 6-8 weeks, followed by stabilization (12 weeks) on OFC. Those who r...

Prevention of dental caries in children from birth through age 5 years: US Preventive S...
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-0483
Pediatrics Moyer VA,

May 6th, 2014 - Update of the 2004 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on prevention of dental caries in preschool-aged children. The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on prevention of dental caries by primary care clinicians in children 5 years and younger, focusing on screening for caries, assessment of risk for future caries, and the effectiveness of various interventions that have possible...

Ultrasonography of the colon in pediatric ulcerative colitis: a prospective, blind, com...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.02.055
The Journal of Pediatrics; Civitelli F, Di Nardo G et. al.

Apr 14th, 2014 - To evaluate the usefulness of colonic ultrasonography (US) in assessing the extent and activity of disease in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) and to compare US findings with clinical and endoscopic features. Consecutive pediatric patients (n = 60) with a diagnosis of UC and suspected disease flare-up were prospectively enrolled; of these, 50 patients were eligible for the study. All underwent...

Management of gastrointestinal angiodysplastic lesions (GIADs): a systematic review and...
https://doi.org/10.1038/ajg.2014.19
The American Journal of Gastroenterology; Jackson CS, Gerson LB

Mar 19th, 2014 - Gastrointestinal angiodysplastic lesions (GIADs) are defined as pathologically dilated communications between veins and capillaries. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the efficacy of available treatment modalities for GIADs. We identified eligible studies by searching through PubMed, SCOPUS, and Cochrane central register of controlled trials. We searched...

Anterior cruciate ligament injuries: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-0623
Pediatrics LaBella CR, Hennrikus W et. al.

Apr 29th, 2014 - The number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries reported in athletes younger than 18 years has increased over the past 2 decades. Reasons for the increasing ACL injury rate include the growing number of children and adolescents participating in organized sports, intensive sports training at an earlier age, and greater rate of diagnosis because of increased awareness and greater use of a...

Hygiene strategies to prevent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017895
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Ellis MW, Schlett CD et. al.

Mar 18th, 2014 - Effective measures are needed to prevent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in high-risk community settings. The study objective was to evaluate the effect of personal hygiene-based strategies on rates of overall SSTI and MRSA SSTI. We conducted a prospective, field-based, cluster-randomized trial in US Army Infantry trainees from May 2010...