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About 346,520 results

Expression of immune response genes in human corneal epithelial cells interacting with ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8728928
BMC Genomics; Arunachalam D, Ramanathan SM et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - Aspergillus flavus, one of the causative agents of human fungal keratitis, can be phagocytosed by human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells and the conidia containing phagosomes mature into phagolysosomes. But the immunological responses of human corneal epithelial cells interacting with A. flavus are not clear. In this study, we report the expression of immune response related genes of HCE cells ex...

Microbial Signatures in The Rodent Eyes With Retinal Dysfunction and Diabetic Retinopathy.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742510
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Prasad R, Asare-Bediko B et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - The gut microbiome has been linked to disease pathogenesis through their interaction in metabolic, endocrine, and immune functions. The goal of this study was to determine whether the gut and plasma microbiota could transfer microbes to the retina in type 1 diabetic mice with retinopathy. We analyzed the fecal, plasma, whole globe, and retina microbiome in Akita mice and compared with age-match...

Severe polymicrobial and fungal periprosthetic osteomyelitis persisting after hip disar...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8720203
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials; Enz A, Müller S et. al.

Jan 2nd, 2022 - Periprosthetic fungal infections are considered rare and opportunistic infections. Treatment is difficult, and established standards do not yet exist. The choice of the appropriate antifungal drug might affect the patient outcome. All the three cases presented showed polybacterial recurrent infection of the revision hip arthroplasty. All patients were of younger age, had multiple revisions of t...

Helicobacter pylori Targets in AGS Human Gastric Adenocarcinoma: In Situ Proteomic Prof...
https://doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.15511
Anticancer Research; Yang JS, Kang CY et. al.

Jan 1st, 2022 - Helicobacter pylori, a gram-negative bacterium, causes chronic stomach diseases in humans. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are involved in cell integrity, cell growth, and gastric mucosa colonization by H. pylori. This study aimed to investigate HSP expression levels in H. pylori-infected gastric adenocarcinoma AGS cells. We determined protein expression levels using iTRAQ proteomics analysis. We an...

Alteration of the gut microbiota following SARS-CoV-2 infection correlates with disease...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8726722
Gut Microbes; Sencio V, Machelart A et. al.

Dec 30th, 2021 - Mounting evidence suggests that the gut-to-lung axis is critical during respiratory viral infections. We herein hypothesized that disruption of gut homeostasis during severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection may associate with early disease outcomes. To address this question, we took advantage of the Syrian hamster model. Our data confirmed that this model recapitu...

Moraxella-dominated pediatric nasopharyngeal microbiota associate with upper respirator...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8714118
PloS One; McCauley KE, DeMuri G et. al.

Dec 29th, 2021 - Distinct bacterial upper airway microbiota structures have been described in pediatric populations, and relate to risk of respiratory viral infection and, exacerbations of asthma. We hypothesized that distinct nasopharyngeal (NP) microbiota structures exist in pediatric populations, relate to environmental exposures and modify risk of acute sinusitis or upper respiratory infection (URI) in chil...

Diagnostic accuracy of Truenat Tuberculosis and Rifampicin-Resistance assays in Addis A...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8714111
PloS One; Meaza A, Tesfaye E et. al.

Dec 29th, 2021 - Rapid and sensitive Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis closer to patients is a key global TB control priority. Truenat assays (MTB, MTB Plus, and MTB-RIF Dx) are new TB molecular diagnostic tools for the detection of TB and Rifampicin (RIF)-resistance from sputum samples. The diagnostic accuracy of the assays is needed prior to implementation in clinical use in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine ...

Diagnosis of tuberculosis among COVID-19 suspected cases in Ghana.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8714104
PloS One; Afum T, Asare P et. al.

Dec 29th, 2021 - Tuberculosis (TB) and COVID-19 pandemics are both diseases of public health threat globally. Both diseases are caused by pathogens that infect mainly the respiratory system, and are involved in airborne transmission; they also share some clinical signs and symptoms. We, therefore, took advantage of collected sputum samples at the early stage of COVID-19 outbreak in Ghana to conduct differential...

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis with chest pain as atypical symptoms.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00423-0
The Lancet. Infectious Diseases; Chen TT, Zhou P et. al.

Dec 27th, 2021 - Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis with chest pain as atypical symptoms.|2021|Chen TT,Zhou P,Nie L,Lei Y,Li D,|therapeutic use,diagnostic imaging,drug therapy,drug effects,pathogenicity,microbiology,

A new treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis in Ukraine.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00772-6
The Lancet. Infectious Diseases; Holt E

Dec 27th, 2021 - A new treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis in Ukraine.|2021|Holt E,|administration & dosage,therapeutic use,drug effects,drug therapy,epidemiology,microbiology,epidemiology,

Molecular detection of Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in yaks (Bos gru...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8697493
Parasites & Vectors; He Y, Chen W et. al.

Dec 25th, 2021 - Anaplasma, Babesia and Theileria are tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) that affect livestock worldwide. However, information on these pathogens in yaks (Bos grunniens) and Tibetan sheep (Ovis aries) on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP), China, is limited. In this study, Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. infections were assessed in yaks and Tibetan sheep from Qinghai Province. A total of 7...

Molecular subtyping for source tracking of Escherichia coli using core genome multilocu...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8699670
PloS One; Nakamura A, Takahashi H et. al.

Dec 24th, 2021 - When harmful bacteria are detected in the final product at a food manufacturing plant, it is necessary to identify and eliminate the source of contamination so that it does not occur again. In the current study, the source of contamination was tracked using core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) analysis in cases where Escherichia coli was detected in the final product at a food manufa...

Eco-friendly soil amendments improve growth, antioxidant activities, and root colonizat...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8700020
PloS One; Fallah M, Hadi H et. al.

Dec 24th, 2021 - This study's primary purpose was to investigate the possible amelioration of limited irrigation conditions by mycorrhiza (AMF), vermicompost, and green manure for lingrain plants. This experiment was accomplished as a factorial based on the completely randomized design with three replications. The first factor was green manure (without green manure and with Trifolium pratense as green manure); ...

Experimental reproduction of White Feces Syndrome in whiteleg shrimp, Penaeus vannamei.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8699691
PloS One; Aranguren Caro LF, Mai HN et. al.

Dec 24th, 2021 - White Feces Syndrome (WFS) is an emergent disease of penaeid shrimp (Penaeus monodon and P. vannamei) that is identified by the presence of floating white fecal strings on pond water in grow-out ponds. Although the clinical manifestations of WFS are well defined, the underling etiology remains obscure. WFS has been associated with several enteric pathogens, including Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei...

Nano-enabled improvements of growth and colonization rate in wheat inoculated with arbu...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118724
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Naseer M, Zhu Y et. al.

Dec 24th, 2021 - Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi display desired potential to boost crop productivity and drought acclimation. Yet, whether nanoparticles can be incorporated into arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for better improvement and its relevant morphologic and anatomical evidences are little documented. Pot culture experiment on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was conducted under drought stress (30% FWC) as well a...

Possible relationship between esophageal dilatation and severity of M. abscessus pulmon...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8699664
PloS One; Hara H, Okuda K et. al.

Dec 24th, 2021 - Recently, incidence of Mycobacterium abscessus (Mab) pulmonary disease (Mab-PD) is increasing worldwide. We aimed to identify factors associated with severity of Mycobacterium abscessus (Mab) pulmonary disease (Mab-PD). All patients diagnosed as Mab-PD based on the official ATS/IDSA statement between 2017 January 1 and 2021 July 31 were included (n = 13). We reviewed medical records, bacteriolo...

Using a ligate intestinal loop mouse model to investigate Clostridioides difficile adhe...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8694449
PloS One; Castro-Córdova P, Mendoza-León MJ et. al.

Dec 23rd, 2021 - Interaction of Clostridioides difficile spores with the intestinal mucosa contributes to the persistence and recurrence of the infection. Advanced age is one of the main risk factors for C. difficile infection and recurrence of the disease. However, interaction of C. difficile spores with the intestinal mucosa during aging has not been evaluated. In the present work, using intestinal ligated lo...

Reading the ground: Understanding the response of bioelectric microbes to anthropogenic...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8694411
PloS One; Barbato RA, Jones RM et. al.

Dec 23rd, 2021 - Electrogenic bacteria produce power in soil based terrestrial microbial fuel cells (tMFCs) by growing on electrodes and transferring electrons released from the breakdown of substrates. The direction and magnitude of voltage production is hypothesized to be dependent on the available substrates. A sensor technology was developed for compounds indicative of anthropological activity by exposing t...

Gonococcal endocarditis in a 54-year-old man with acute arthritis.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8687512
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De ... Boodman C, MacKenzie L et. al.

Dec 22nd, 2021 - Gonococcal endocarditis in a 54-year-old man with acute arthritis.|2021|Boodman C,MacKenzie L,Navarro C,Alexander DC,Wuerz T,|diagnosis,microbiology,therapy,diagnosis,microbiology,therapy,diagnosis,therapy,

Extensively Drug-Resistant Carbapenemase-Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Medical T...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8714193
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Kracalik I, Ham DC et. al.

Dec 22nd, 2021 - Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) producing the Verona integron‒encoded metallo-β-lactamase (VIM) are highly antimicrobial drug-resistant pathogens that are uncommon in the United States. We investigated the source of VIM-CRPA among US medical tourists who underwent bariatric surgery in Tijuana, Mexico. Cases were defined as isolation of VIM-CRPA or CRPA from a patient who had ...