×
About 99,223 results

Amoebicidal Activity of Poly-Epsilon-Lysine Functionalized Hydrogels.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742527
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Kennedy SM, Deshpande P et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - To determine the amoebicidal activity of functionalized poly-epsilon-lysine hydrogels (pɛK+) against Acanthamoeba castellanii. A. castellanii trophozoites and cysts were grown in the presence of pɛK solution (0-2.17 mM), pɛK or pɛK+ hydrogels, or commercial hydrogel contact lens (CL) for 24 hours or 7 days in PBS or Peptone-Yeast-Glucose (PYG) media (nutrient-deplete or nutrient-replete culture...

Clinical recovery of Macaca fascicularis infected with Plasmodium knowlesi.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8719393
Malaria Journal; Peterson MS, Joyner CJ et. al.

Jan 1st, 2022 - Kra monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), a natural host of Plasmodium knowlesi, control parasitaemia caused by this parasite species and escape death without treatment. Knowledge of the disease progression and resilience in kra monkeys will aid the effective use of this species to study mechanisms of resilience to malaria. This longitudinal study aimed to define clinical, physiological and pathologic...

The weaker sex: Male lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus) with blue color polymorphism are more...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8719767
PloS One; Wood CL, Leslie KL et. al.

Jan 1st, 2022 - The unusual blue color polymorphism of lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus) is the subject of much speculation but little empirical research; ~20% of lingcod individuals exhibit this striking blue color morph, which is discrete from and found within the same populations as the more common brown morph. In other species, color polymorphisms are intimately linked with host-parasite interactions, which led...

The role of Leishmania GP63 in the modulation of innate inflammatory response to Leishm...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8719666
PloS One; Chan A, Ayala JM et. al.

Jan 1st, 2022 - Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania and is known to affect millions of individuals worldwide. In recent years, we have established the critical role played by Leishmania zinc-metalloprotease GP63 in the modulation of host macrophage signalling and functions, favouring its survival and progression within its host. Leishmania major lacking GP63 was reported to c...

Path analysis based on genetic association of yield components and insects pest in upla...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8717984
PloS One; Shaheen M, Abdul Rauf H et. al.

Dec 31st, 2021 - Gossypium hirsutum L. is also called upland cotton or Mexican cotton. It is the most widely cultivated species of cotton in the whole world. Globally, about 90% of all cotton production comes from the cultivars derived from this species. Some genetic parameters like monopodial branches per plant, sympodial branches per plant, sympodial branch length, bolls per plant, boll weight, sympo-boll dis...

Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo-fighting malaria in conflict zones.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00780-5
The Lancet. Infectious Diseases; Kenyon G

Dec 27th, 2021 - Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo-fighting malaria in conflict zones.|2021|Kenyon G,|epidemiology,parasitology,prevention & control,epidemiology,history,education,history,

Isolation of infectious Theileria parva sporozoites secreted by infected Rhipicephalus ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8704063
Parasites & Vectors; Vimonish R, Dinkel KD et. al.

Dec 26th, 2021 - Vector-borne diseases pose an increasing threat to global food security. Vaccines, diagnostic tests, and therapeutics are urgently needed for tick-borne diseases that affect livestock. However, the inability to obtain significant quantities of pathogen stages derived from ticks has hindered research. In vitro methods to isolate pathogens from infected tick vectors are paramount to advance trans...

Risk factors associated with malaria infection identified through reactive case detecti...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8710018
Malaria Journal; Mkali HR, Reaves EJ et. al.

Dec 26th, 2021 - Over the past two decades, Zanzibar substantially reduced malaria burden. As malaria decreases, sustainable improvements in control interventions may increasingly depend on accurate knowledge of malaria risk factors to further target interventions. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with malaria infection in Zanzibar. Surveillance data from Zanzibar's Malaria Case Notif...

Neglected malaria parasites in hard-to-reach areas of Odisha, India: implications in el...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8698664
Malaria Journal; Bal M, Rana R et. al.

Dec 25th, 2021 - Information on the foci of Plasmodium species infections is essential for any country heading towards elimination. Odisha, one of the malaria-endemic states of India is targeting elimination of malaria by 2030. To support decision-making regarding targeted intervention, the distribution of Plasmodium species infections was investigated in hard-to-reach areas where a special malaria elimination ...

Assessment of FDA-approved drugs against Strongyloides ratti in vitro and in vivo to id...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8705154
Parasites & Vectors; Keiser J, Häberli C

Dec 25th, 2021 - Infections with Strongyloides stercoralis belong to the most neglected helminth diseases, and research and development (R&D) efforts on novel drugs are inadequate. A commercially available library containing 1600 FDA-approved drugs was tested in vitro against Strongyloides ratti larvae (L3) at 100 µM. Hits (activity > 70%) were then evaluated against S. ratti adult worms at 10 µM. Morantel, pra...

Molecular detection of Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in yaks (Bos gru...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8697493
Parasites & Vectors; He Y, Chen W et. al.

Dec 25th, 2021 - Anaplasma, Babesia and Theileria are tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) that affect livestock worldwide. However, information on these pathogens in yaks (Bos grunniens) and Tibetan sheep (Ovis aries) on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP), China, is limited. In this study, Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. infections were assessed in yaks and Tibetan sheep from Qinghai Province. A total of 7...

Experimental reproduction of White Feces Syndrome in whiteleg shrimp, Penaeus vannamei.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8699691
PloS One; Aranguren Caro LF, Mai HN et. al.

Dec 24th, 2021 - White Feces Syndrome (WFS) is an emergent disease of penaeid shrimp (Penaeus monodon and P. vannamei) that is identified by the presence of floating white fecal strings on pond water in grow-out ponds. Although the clinical manifestations of WFS are well defined, the underling etiology remains obscure. WFS has been associated with several enteric pathogens, including Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei...

Hyper-prevalence of submicroscopic Plasmodium falciparum infections in a rural area of ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8685826
Malaria Journal; Ochwedo KO, Omondi CJ et. al.

Dec 22nd, 2021 - The gold standard for diagnosing Plasmodium falciparum infection is microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained peripheral blood smears. The effectiveness of this procedure for infection surveillance and malaria control may be limited by a relatively high parasitaemia detection threshold. Persons with microscopically undetectable infections may go untreated, contributing to ongoing transmission t...

Haematological response in experimental human Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium viva...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8685492
Malaria Journal; Woolley SD, Marquart L et. al.

Dec 22nd, 2021 - Malaria-associated anaemia, arising from symptomatic, asymptomatic and submicroscopic infections, is a significant cause of morbidity worldwide. Induced blood stage malaria volunteer infection studies (IBSM-VIS) provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the haematological response to early Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infection. This study was an analysis of the haemoglobin, red ce...

Coverage evaluation surveys following soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8691621
PloS One; Liyew EF, Chernet M et. al.

Dec 22nd, 2021 - The Geshiyaro project aims to break transmission of soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis in the Wolaita Zone of Ethiopia through a combination of two interventions: behavior change communication (BCC) for increased water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) infrastructure use alongside preventive chemotherapy (PC) using albendazole (ALB) and praziquantel (PZQ), targeted to reach 90% treatme...

Responses of ticks to immersion in hot bathing water: Effect of surface type, water tem...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8682875
PloS One; Schimpf DJ, Ewert MM et. al.

Dec 18th, 2021 - Preventing bites from undetected ticks through bathing practices would benefit public health, but the effects of these practices have been researched minimally. We immersed nymphal and adult hard ticks of species common in the eastern United States in tap water, using temperatures and durations that are realistic for human hot bathing. The effect of (a) different skin-equivalent surfaces (silic...

Shotgun sequence-based metataxonomic and predictive functional profiles of Pe poke, a n...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8682898
PloS One; Tamang JP, Kharnaior P et. al.

Dec 18th, 2021 - Pe poke is a naturally fermented sticky soybean food of Myanmar. The present study was aimed to profile the whole microbial community structure and their predictive gene functionality of pe poke samples prepared in different fermentation periods viz. 3 day (3ds), 4 days (4ds), 5 days (5ds) and sun-dried sample (Sds). The pH of samples was 7.6 to 8.7, microbial load was 2.1-3.9 x 108 cfu/g with ...

Enteropathogen Changes After Rotavirus Vaccine Scale-up.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-049884
Pediatrics Ballard SB, Requena D et. al.

Dec 18th, 2021 - To inform next steps in pediatric diarrhea burden reduction by understanding the shifting enteropathogen landscape after rotavirus vaccine implementation. We conducted a case-control study of 1788 medically attended children younger than 5 years, with and without gastroenteritis, after universal rotavirus vaccine implementation in Peru. We tested case and control stools for 5 viruses, 19 bacter...

Insecticide-treated net (ITN) use, factors associated with non-use of ITNs, and occurre...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8675665
PloS One; Akuffo R, Wilson M et. al.

Dec 17th, 2021 - The insecticide treated bed net (ITN) has been proven for malaria control. Evidence from systematic review also suggests benefits of ITN roll out in reducing the incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and other vector borne diseases. Using a community-based cross-sectional study design, ITN use, factors associated with non-use of ITNs, and occurrence of sand flies were investigated in three ...

Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) as potential vectors for Leishmania mar...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8673663
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Sunantaraporn S, Thepparat A et. al.

Dec 16th, 2021 - Biting midges of genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are the vectors of several pathogenic arboviruses and parasites of humans and animals. Several reports have suggested that biting midges might be a potential vector of Leishmania parasites. In this study, we screened for Leishmania and Trypanosoma DNA in biting midges collected from near the home of a leishmaniasis patient in Lamphun ...