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About 1,938,348 results

RAD gene family analysis in cotton provides some key genes for flowering and stress tol...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744286
BMC Genomics; Kabir N, Zhang X et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - RADIALIS (RAD), belongs to the MYB gene family and regulates a variety of functions including floral dorsoventral asymmetry in Antirrhinum majus and development of fruit proteins in Solanum lycopersicum. RAD genes contain an SNF2_N superfamily domain. Here, we comprehensively identified 68 RAD genes from six different species including Arabidopsis and five species of cotton. Phylogenetic analys...

Which chart and which cut-point: deciding on the INTERGROWTH, World Health Organization...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8751336
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; Liauw J, Mayer C et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - To determine how various centile cut points on the INTERGROWTH-21st (INTERGROWTH), World Health Organization (WHO), and Hadlock fetal growth charts predict perinatal morbidity/mortality, and how this relates to choosing a fetal growth chart for clinical use. We linked antenatal ultrasound measurements for fetuses > 28 weeks' gestation from the British Columbia Women's hospital ultrasound unit w...

The cold water cut through my numbness.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.o40
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Sheather J

Jan 9th, 2022 - The cold water cut through my numbness.|2022|Sheather J,|physiology,physiology,

Visual Field Characteristics in East Asian Patients With Occult Macular Dystrophy (Miya...
https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.1.12
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Ahn SJ, Yang L et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - The purpose of this study was to investigate the perimetric features and their associations with structural and functional features in patients with RP1L1-associated occult macular dystrophy (OMD; i.e. Miyake disease). In this international, multicenter, retrospective cohort study, 76 eyes of 38 patients from an East Asian cohort of patients with RP1L1-associated OMD were recruited. Visual fiel...

Longitudinal In Vivo Changes in Radial Peripapillary Capillaries and Optic Nerve Head S...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742514
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Musial G, Adhikari S et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - There is conflicting evidence regarding whether a loss of radial peripapillary capillaries (RPCs) precedes neuronal loss in glaucoma. We examined the time course of in vivo changes in RPCs, optic nerve head (ONH) structure, and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) in experimental glaucoma (EG). Spectral domain optical coherence tomography images were acquired before and approximately eve...

Emotions and emotion up-regulation during the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8741032
PloS One; Schelhorn I, Schlüter S et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - In stressful situations such as the COVID-19-pandemic, unpleasant emotions are expected to increase while pleasant emotions will likely decrease. Little is known about the role cognitive appraisals, information management, and upregulating pleasant emotions can play to support emotion regulation in a pandemic. In an online survey (N = 1682), we investigated predictors of changes in pleasant and...

Columnar and Laminar Segregation of Retinal Input to the Primate Superior Colliculus Re...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742525
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Dilbeck MD, Spahr ZR et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - After the lateral geniculate nucleus, the superior colliculus is the richest target of retinal projections in primates. Hubel et al. used tritium autoradiography to show that axon terminals emanating from one eye form irregular columns in the stratum griseum superficiale. Unlabeled gaps were thought to be filled by the other eye, but this assumption was never tested directly. Experiments were p...

Annual Incidences and Progressions of Myopia and High Myopia in Chinese Schoolchildren ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742535
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Li SM, Wei S et. al.

Jan 7th, 2022 - To determine the annual incidences and rates of progression of myopia and high myopia in Chinese schoolchildren from grade 1 to grade 6 and explore the possible cause-specific risk factors for myopia. From 11 randomly selected primary schools in Anyang city, central China, 2835 grade 1 students were examined with annual follow ups for 5 years. Students were invited to undergo a comprehensive ex...

Contrast Sensitivity and Stereoacuity in Successfully Treated Refractive Amblyopia.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742522
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Jia Y, Ye Q et. al.

Jan 7th, 2022 - To assess whether monocular contrast sensitivity and stereoacuity impairments remain when visual acuity is fully recovered in children with refractive amblyopia. A retrospective review of 487 patients diagnosed with refractive amblyopia whose visual acuity improved to 0.08 logMAR or better in both eyes following optical treatment was conducted. Measurements of monocular contrast sensitivity and...

The impact of COVID-19 on fertility behaviour and intentions in a middle income country.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8735619
PloS One; Emery T, Koops JC

Jan 7th, 2022 - The COVID Pandemic may affect fertility behaviour and intentions in many ways. Restrictions on service provision reduce access to family planning services and increase fertility in the short term. By contrast, the economic uncertainty brought about by the pandemic and its impact on mental health and well-being may reduce fertility. These various pathways have been explored in the context of hig...

Avian haemosporidian parasites of accipitriform raptors.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8729155
Malaria Journal; Harl J, Himmel T et. al.

Jan 7th, 2022 - The order Accipitriformes comprises the largest group of birds of prey with 260 species in four families. So far, 21 haemosporidian parasite species have been described from or reported to occur in accipitriform birds. Only five of these parasite species have been characterized molecular genetically. The first part of this study involved molecular genetic screening of accipitriform raptors from...

Dry heat sterilization as a method to recycle N95 respirator masks: The importance of fit.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8730429
PloS One; Yuen JG, Marshilok AC et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - In times of crisis, including the current COVID-19 pandemic, the supply chain of filtering facepiece respirators, such as N95 respirators, are disrupted. To combat shortages of N95 respirators, many institutions were forced to decontaminate and reuse respirators. While several reports have evaluated the impact on filtration as a measurement of preservation of respirator function after decontami...

Audio Interview: Covid-19 - The Outlook in Europe.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMe2200149
The New England Journal of Medicine; Rubin EJ, Baden LR et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - Audio Interview: Covid-19 - The Outlook in Europe.|2022|Rubin EJ,Baden LR,Drosten C,Morrissey S,|epidemiology,prevention & control,transmission,methods,prevention & control,epidemiology,epidemiology,methods,genetics,pathogenicity,physiology,

Social isolation induces neuroinflammation and microglia overactivation, while dihydrom...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8724741
Journal of Neuroinflammation; Al Omran AJ, Shao AS et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental illnesses in the U.S. and are estimated to consume one-third of the country's mental health treatment cost. Although anxiolytic therapies are available, many patients still exhibit treatment resistance, relapse, or substantial side effects. Further, due to the COVID-19 pandemic and stay-at-home order, social isolation, fear of the pandemic, and un...

Microbial Signatures in The Rodent Eyes With Retinal Dysfunction and Diabetic Retinopathy.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742510
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Prasad R, Asare-Bediko B et. al.

Jan 6th, 2022 - The gut microbiome has been linked to disease pathogenesis through their interaction in metabolic, endocrine, and immune functions. The goal of this study was to determine whether the gut and plasma microbiota could transfer microbes to the retina in type 1 diabetic mice with retinopathy. We analyzed the fecal, plasma, whole globe, and retina microbiome in Akita mice and compared with age-match...

IgG3 and IgM Identified as Key to SARS-CoV-2 Neutralization in Convalescent Plasma Pools.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8726489
PloS One; Kober C, Manni S et. al.

Jan 5th, 2022 - Analysis of convalescent plasma derived from individuals has shown that IgG3 has the most important role in binding to SARS-CoV-2 antigens; however, this has not yet been confirmed in large studies, and the link between binding and neutralization has not been confirmed. By analyzing plasma pools consisting of 247-567 individual convalescent donors, we demonstrated the binding of IgG3 and IgM to...

Axonal Protection by Netarsudil, a ROCK Inhibitor, Is Linked to an AMPK-Autophagy Pathw...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742515
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Kitaoka Y, Sase K et. al.

Jan 5th, 2022 - Netarsudil, a Rho kinase inhibitor with norepinephrine transport inhibitory effect, lowers intraocular pressure, however, its effect on axon damage remains to be elucidated. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of netarsudil on TNF-induced axon loss and to examine whether it affects phosphorylated-AMP-activated kinase (p-AMPK) and autophagy in the optic nerve. Intravitreal...

Blur Representation in the Amblyopic Visual System Using Natural and Synthetic Images.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742520
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Abbas Farishta R, Yang CL et. al.

Jan 5th, 2022 - Amblyopia is diagnosed as a reduced acuity in an otherwise healthy eye, which indicates that the deficit is not happening in the eye, but in the brain. One suspected mechanism explaining these deficits is an elevated amount of intrinsic blur in the amblyopic visual system compared to healthy observers. This "internally produced blur" can be estimated by the "equivalent intrinsic blur method", w...

EphA2 Affects Development of the Eye Lens Nucleus and the Gradient of Refractive Index.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8742528
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Cheng C, Wang K et. al.

Jan 4th, 2022 - Our studies in mouse eye lenses demonstrate that ephrin-A5 and EphA2 are needed for normal epithelial cells and lens transparency. We sought to determine whether EphA2 and ephrin-A5 are important for lens morphometrics, nucleus formation, and refractive index. We performed tissue morphometric measurements, electron microscopy, Western blots, and interferometric measurements using an X-ray synch...

Expanding or shrinking? range shifts in wild ungulates under climate change in Pamir-Ka...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8719741
PloS One; Ali H, Din JU et. al.

Jan 1st, 2022 - Climate change is expected to impact a large number of organisms in many ecosystems, including several threatened mammals. A better understanding of climate impacts on species can make conservation efforts more effective. The Himalayan ibex (Capra ibex sibirica) and blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) are economically important wild ungulates in northern Pakistan because they are sought-after hunting ...