Arthritis & Rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.); Fraenkel L, Bathon JM et. al.
Jun 9th, 2021 - To develop updated guidelines for the pharmacologic management of rheumatoid arthritis. We developed clinically relevant population, intervention, comparator, and outcomes (PICO) questions. After conducting a systematic literature review, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach was used to rate the certainty of evidence. A voting panel comprising c...
JAMA Redfield MM, Borlaug BA
Mar 15th, 2023 - Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), defined as HF with an EF of 50% or higher at diagnosis, affects approximately 3 million people in the US and up to 32 million people worldwide. Patients with HFpEF are hospitalized approximately 1.4 times per year and have an annual mortality rate of approximately 15%. Risk factors for HFpEF include older age, hypertension, diabetes, dysli...
Journal of Refractive Surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995); Zhu M, Xin Y et. al.
Mar 10th, 2023 - To investigate corneal epithelial thickness changes during a 6-month follow-up period after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK), femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK), and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). This prospective study included 76 eyes of 76 participants who underwent myopic refractive surgery (23 FS-LASIK, 22 SMILE, and 31 tPRK)....
The New England Journal of Medicine; Bernard S, Bray J
Mar 9th, 2023 - Temperature Management after Cardiac Arrest - All In or Fold?|2023|Bernard S,Bray J,|physiology,methods,etiology,physiopathology,therapy,therapy,
Nature Keener AB
Mar 9th, 2023 - SGLT2 inhibitors breathe life into kidney-disease care.|2023|Keener AB,|drug effects,physiology,physiopathology,drug therapy,therapeutic use,pharmacology,
Gut Microbes; Peters BA, Qi Q et. al.
Mar 9th, 2023 - The gut microbiome is altered in chronic kidney disease (CKD), potentially contributing to CKD progression and co-morbidities, but population-based studies of the gut microbiome across a wide range of kidney function and damage are lacking. In the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, gut microbiome was assessed by shotgun sequencing of stool (n = 2,438; 292 with suspected CKD). We ...
Nature Drew L
Mar 9th, 2023 - How the brain senses a flu infection - and orders the body to rest.|2023|Drew L,|physiology,physiopathology,virology,physiology,
Journal of Sports Science & Medicine; Koshino Y, Akimoto M et. al.
Mar 7th, 2023 - The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS), a subjective examiner-based assessment, is often employed to assess postural balance in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI); however, inertial sensors may enhance the detection of balance deficits. This study aimed to compare the BESS results between the CAI and healthy groups using conventional BESS scores and inertial sensor data. The BESS...
JAMA Reddy YNV, Koepp KE et. al.
Mar 6th, 2023 - Reduced heart rate during exercise is common and associated with impaired aerobic capacity in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), but it remains unknown if restoring exertional heart rate through atrial pacing would be beneficial. To determine if implanting and programming a pacemaker for rate-adaptive atrial pacing would improve exercise performance in patients with HFpEF a...
Nature Kreier F
Mar 4th, 2023 - What Chernobyl's stray dogs could teach us about radiation.|2023|Kreier F,|injuries,physiology,epidemiology,physiopathology,epidemiology,physiopathology,veterinary,
Blood Liss B, Kutscher K
Mar 3rd, 2023 - An unusual case of a multiple myeloma with thyroid involvement at primary diagnosis.|2023|Liss B,Kutscher K,|complications,diagnosis,physiopathology,
American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychi... Itai T, Jia P et. al.
Mar 3rd, 2023 - Investigating functional, temporal, and cell-type expression features of mutations is important for understanding a complex disease. Here, we collected and analyzed common variants and de novo mutations (DNMs) in schizophrenia (SCZ). We collected 2,636 missense and loss-of-function (LoF) DNMs in 2,263 genes across 3,477 SCZ patients (SCZ-DNMs). We curated three gene lists: (a) SCZ-neuroGenes (1...
Physiological Reports; Klimenko O, Luu P et. al.
Feb 25th, 2023 - We determined the effect of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) on the shape of the maximal expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) curve in asthmatic adults. The slope-ratio index (SR) was used to quantitate the shape of the MEFV curve. We hypothesized that EIB would be accompanied by increases in SR and thus increased curvilinearity of the MEFV curve. Adult asthmatic ( n = 10) and non-asthmatic...
BMC Endocrine Disorders; Wang JJ, Wang X et. al.
Feb 24th, 2023 - Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a serious complication in pregnancy. Despite controlling the plasma glucose levels with dietary intervention (GDM-D) or insulin therapy (GDM-I), children born of diabetic mothers suffer more long-term complications from childhood to early adulthood. Placental circulation and nutrient exchange play a vital role in fetal development. Additionally, placental ...
Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience : JPN; Avramescu RG, Flores C
Feb 23rd, 2023 - We're not in Kansas anymore: ectopic dopaminergic terminals as an explanation for the positive symptoms in psychiatric pathology.|2023|Avramescu RG,Flores C,|physiopathology,pathology,
Nature Malle L, Patel RS et. al.
Feb 23rd, 2023 - Down's syndrome (DS) presents with a constellation of cardiac, neurocognitive and growth impairments. Individuals with DS are also prone to severe infections and autoimmunity including thyroiditis, type 1 diabetes, coeliac disease and alopecia areata1,2. Here, to investigate the mechanisms underlying autoimmune susceptibility, we mapped the soluble and cellular immune landscape of individuals w...
The New England Journal of Medicine; Ganesh K
Feb 16th, 2023 - Uncoupling Metastasis from Tumorigenesis.|2023|Ganesh K,|pathology,pathology,physiology,pathology,physiopathology,
JAMA Martinez FJ, Han MK et. al.
Feb 15th, 2023 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is underdiagnosed in primary care. To evaluate the operating characteristics of the CAPTURE (COPD Assessment in Primary Care To Identify Undiagnosed Respiratory Disease and Exacerbation Risk) screening tool for identifying US primary care patients with undiagnosed, clinically significant COPD. In this cross-sectional study, 4679 primary care patients...
Current Medical Research and Opinion; Fernandez-Fairen M, Calderón-Ospina CA et. al.
Feb 12th, 2023 - The term "mixed pain" has been established when a mixture of different pain components (e.g. nociceptive, neuropathic, and nociplastic) are present. It has gained more and more acceptance amongst pain experts worldwide, but many questions around the concept of mixed pain are still unsolved. The sensation of pain is very personal. Cultural, social, personal experiences, idiomatic, and taxonomic ...
Journal of Virology; Li S, Yim MK et. al.
Jan 31st, 2023 - The expression of human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoproteins perturbed multiple cellular events of the host cells, leading to the formation of cancer phenotypes. Our current and previous studies indicated that Aurora kinase A (AurA), a mitotic regulator that is often aberrantly expressed in human cancers, is preferentially bound to E6-encoded by cancer-causing HPV. AurA is believed to be important...