Pediatrics Colson ER, Geller NL et. al.
Aug 22nd, 2017 - The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants be placed supine for sleep. Our objectives in this study were to, in a nationally representative sample, examine (1) prevalence of maternal intention regarding infant sleeping position and of actual practice and (2) factors associated with their choices. We recruited mothers from 32 US hospitals, oversampling African American and Hispanic mo...
Bipolar Disorders; Kessing LV, Andersen PK et. al.
Dec 14th, 2017 - For the first time to estimate the risk of recurrence among patients with a single manic/mixed episode by systematically reviewing prior studies on cohorts of adults, and cohorts of children and adolescents, respectively. A systematic literature search up to August 2017 was carried out including studies in which < 25% of the participants were estimated to have had a mood episode that required p...
PloS One; Bowden B, John A et. al.
Apr 27th, 2018 - Alcohol misuse is a well-known risk factor for suicide however, the relationship between alcohol-related hospital admission and subsequent risk of death from suicide is unknown. We aimed to determine the risk of death from suicide following emergency admission to hospital with an alcohol-related cause. We established an electronic cohort study of all 2,803,457 residents of Wales, UK, aged from ...
Lancet (London, England); McAllister L, Anderson J et. al.
Jun 2nd, 2014 - Administration of vaccines by needle-free technology such as jet injection might offer an alternative to needles and syringes that avoids the issue of needle phobia and the risk of needle-stick injury. We aimed to assess the immunogenicity and safety of trivalent influenza vaccine given by needle-free jet injector compared with needle and syringe. For this randomised, comparator-controlled tria...
The Journal of Pediatrics; Walders-Abramson N, Venditti EM et. al.
Jun 20th, 2014 - To examine the relationships between stressful life events and physiological measures, adherence to prescribed oral medication regimens, depressive symptoms, and impaired quality of life (QoL) in adolescents with recent-onset type 2 diabetes (T2D). Data were collected from 497 ethnically diverse participants (66% female) in the final year of the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolesce...
Annals of Internal Medicine; Bloomfield HE, Olson A et. al.
Jun 30th, 2014 - Pelvic examination is often included in well-woman visits even when cervical cancer screening is not required. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, benefits, and harms of pelvic examination in asymptomatic, nonpregnant, average-risk adult women. Cervical cancer screening was not included. MEDLINE and Cochrane databases through January 2014 and reference lists from identified studies. 52 English...
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Chen Q, Sjölander A et. al.
Jun 19th, 2014 - To investigate the association between drug treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and risk of concomitant suicidal behaviour among patients with ADHD. Register based longitudinal study using within patient design. Linkage of multiple national registers in Sweden. 37,936 patients with ADHD born between 1960 and 1996 and followed from 2006 to 2009 for treatment status by A...
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP; Levickis P, Reilly S et. al.
Apr 21st, 2014 - To determine, in a community-based sample of slow-to-talk toddlers, the extent to which specific maternal responsive behaviors at 24 months predict child language at 24 and 36 months. Mother-child dyads were recruited for this prospective longitudinal study from 3 local government areas spanning low, middle, and high socioeconomic status in Melbourne, Australia. At child age 18 months, 1138 par...
Molecular Psychiatry; Gilman SE, Ni MY et. al.
Apr 22nd, 2014 - In treated cohorts, individuals with bipolar disorder are more likely to report childhood adversities and recent stressors than individuals without bipolar disorder; similarly, in registry-based studies, childhood adversities are more common among individuals who later become hospitalized for bipolar disorder. Because these types of studies rely on treatment-seeking samples or hospital diagnose...
The American Journal of Psychiatry; Keyes KM, Pratt C et. al.
May 16th, 2014 - Unexpected death of a loved one is common and associated with subsequent elevations in symptoms of multiple forms of psychopathology. Determining whether this experience predicts novel onset of psychiatric disorders and whether these associations vary across the life course has important clinical implications. The authors examined associations of a loved one's unexpected death with first onset ...
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry; Lahmann C, Henningsen P et. al.
Jun 25th, 2014 - Vertigo and dizziness are often not fully explained by an organic illness, but instead are related to psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to evaluate psychiatric comorbidity and assess psychosocial impairment in a large sample of patients with a wide range of unselected organic and non-organic (ie, medically unexplained) vertigo/dizziness syndromes. This cross-sectional study involved a sam...
JAMA Kroenke K, Krebs EE et. al.
Jul 16th, 2014 - Chronic musculoskeletal pain is among the most prevalent, costly, and disabling medical disorders. However, few clinical trials have examined interventions to improve chronic pain in primary care. To determine the effectiveness of a telecare intervention for chronic pain. The Stepped Care to Optimize Pain Care Effectiveness (SCOPE) study was a randomized trial comparing a telephone-delivered co...
JAMA Bingel U,
Jul 8th, 2014 - Avoiding nocebo effects to optimize treatment outcome.|2014|Bingel U, ,|psychology,
JAMA Psychiatry; LaFrance WC, Baird GL et. al.
Jul 5th, 2014 - There is a paucity of controlled treatment trials for the treatment of conversion disorder, seizures type, also known as psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, the most common conversion disorder, are as disabling as epilepsy and are not adequately addressed or treated by mental health clinicians. To evaluate different PNES treatments compared with standard...
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; Schumm JA, O'Farrell TJ et. al.
Jul 21st, 2014 - Multiple studies show that behavioral couples therapy (BCT) is more efficacious than individually based therapy (IBT) for substance use and relationship outcomes among men with alcohol use disorder (AUD). The present study compared BCT with IBT for women with AUD. Participants were women with AUD (N = 105) and their male partners without substance use disorder. Participants were mostly White an...
The American Journal of Psychiatry; Uher R, Tansey KE et. al.
Jul 15th, 2014 - Major depressive disorder has been linked with inflammatory processes, but it is unclear whether individual differences in levels of inflammatory biomarkers could help match patients to treatments that are most likely to be beneficial. The authors tested the hypothesis that C-reactive protein (CRP), a commonly available marker of systemic inflammation, predicts differential response to escitalo...
Pediatrics Sahni V, Lai FY et. al.
Aug 19th, 2014 - Neonatal Vitamin K prophylaxis is an effective intervention for reducing vitamin K deficiency bleeding. A recently published report of parental refusal of vitamin K prompted an investigation of the prevalence and characteristics of this group, and exploration of whether these same parents were likely to subsequently refuse immunization for their children. We conducted a retrospective population...
Pediatrics , et. al.
Aug 26th, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes insufficient sleep in adolescents as an important public health issue that significantly affects the health and safety, as well as the academic success, of our nation's middle and high school students. Although a number of factors, including biological changes in sleep associated with puberty, lifestyle choices, and academic demands, negatively affe...
Pediatrics de Vries AL, McGuire JK et. al.
Sep 9th, 2014 - In recent years, puberty suppression by means of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs has become accepted in clinical management of adolescents who have gender dysphoria (GD). The current study is the first longer-term longitudinal evaluation of the effectiveness of this approach. A total of 55 young transgender adults (22 transwomen and 33 transmen) who had received puberty suppression durin...
JAMA Internal Medicine; Linder JA, Doctor JN et. al.
Oct 6th, 2014 - Time of day and the decision to prescribe antibiotics.|2014|Linder JA,Doctor JN,Friedberg MW,Reyes Nieva H,Birks C,|therapeutic use,statistics & numerical data,psychology,statistics & numerical data,statistics & numerical data,drug therapy,