About 421,320 results

Examination of Protein Quantity and Protein Distribution across the Day on Ad Libitum Carbohydrate and Fat Intake in Overweight Women

The effects of meal-specific protein quantity and protein distribution throughout the day on daily food intake are relatively unknown.

Children and COVID-19: State-Level Data Report

State-level reports are the best publicly available data on child COVID-19 cases in the United States. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Children’s Hospital Association are collaborating to collect and share all publicly available data from states on child COVID-19 cases (definition of “child” case is based on varying age ranges reported across states; see report Appendix for details a...

Epidemiology, treatment and prevention of herpes zoster: A comprehensive review

Herpes zoster is a major health burden that can affect individuals of any age. It is seen more commonly among individuals aged ≥50 years, those with immunocompromised status, and those on immunosuppressant drugs. It is caused by a reactivation of varicella zoster virus infection. Cell-mediated immunity plays a role in this reactivation. Fever, pain, and itch are common symptoms before the onset...

Kinetics of viral load and antibody response in relation to COVID-19 severity

The SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent for COVID-19 pneumonia. Little is known about the 60 kinetics, tissue distribution, cross-reactivity and neutralization antibody response in COVID61 19 patients. Two groups of RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients were enrolled in this study, 62 including 12 severe patients in ICUs who needed mechanical ventilation and 11 mild patients 63 in isolation wards...

E-cigarette Use Among Middle and High School Students — United States, 2020

The use of any tobacco product by youths is unsafe, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) (1). Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is highly addictive, can harm the developing adolescent brain, and can increase risk for future addiction to other drugs (1). E-cigarette use has increased considerably among U.S. youths since 2011 (1,2). Multiple factors have contributed to this incr...

Protein Distribution and Muscle-Related Outcomes: Does the Evidence Support the Concept?

There is a shift in thinking about dietary protein requirements from daily requirements to individual meal requirements. Per meal, stimulation of muscle protein synthesis has a saturable dose relationship with the quantity of dietary protein consumed. Protein intake above the saturable dose does not further contribute to the synthetic response; the “excess” amino acids are predominantly oxidize...

Medications: Distribution of Sample Medications in the Practice Setting

Many physician offices accept sample medications from pharmaceutical drug representatives and dispense them to their patient population. Compliance with providing sample medications to patients in a safe manner requires a significant administrative effort. When the physician office practice dispenses sample medications to its patients, the practice is acting as a pharmacy and is required to fol...

Face mask use in the general population and optimal resource allocation during the COVID-19 pandemic

The ongoing novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has already infected millions worldwide and, with no vaccine available, interventions to mitigate transmission are urgently needed. While there is broad agreement that travel restrictions and social distancing are beneficial in limiting spread, recommendations around face mask use are inconsistent. Here, we use mathematical modeling to e...

A Timeline of COVID-19 Vaccine Developments in 2021
American Journal of Managed Care; AJMC Staff

Jun 3rd, 2021 - If 2020 was dominated by the news of how COVID-19 spread across the globe, then 2021 has so far been focused on ending the pandemic through vaccine distribution. Note: This timeline will update throughout the year as new developments take place.

Starkville Physician Sentenced for Receipt and Distribution of Misbranded Drugs
US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

May 18th, 2021 - Oxford, Miss. – A Starkville physician was sentenced today to three years of probation for receiving misbranded drugs in interstate commerce and distributing them with the intent to defraud his patients. In addition to the term of probation, the defendant was ordered to forfeit $105,322.53, to pay a fine of $95,000 and to pay restitution in the amount of $377,545.20.

Predictive equation for assessing appendicular lean soft tissue mass using bioelectric impedance analysis in older adults: Effect of body fat distribution
Experimental Gerontology; Toselli S, Campa F et. al.

May 6th, 2021 - Background: Low muscle mass is associated with sarcopenia and increased mortality. Muscle mass, especially that of the limbs, is commonly estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or bioimpedance analysis (BIA). However, BIA-based predictive equations for estimating lean appendicular soft tissue mass (ALST) do not take into account body fat distribution, an important factor influencin...

Functional disorders after COVID-19 vaccine fuel vaccination hesitancy
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry; Fasano A, Daniele A.

Aug 18th, 2021 - Due to the dramatic spread of COVID-19, public health measures and a campaign of widespread distribution of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 are among the most important priorities for many governments worldwide. Attitudes of people towards vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 can be basically split into three major categories. A first category includes people (60%–80% of the population) who are convinced...

COVID Vaccine Distribution and Doses
The Washington Post;

Mar 21st, 2021 - As coronavirus vaccinations continue to pick up speed in the country, states are expanding the share of the population eligible to receive the growing supply of vaccines. According to new data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a majority of U.S. adults age 65 and older have received at least one shot of a coronavirus vaccine.

Binding and Neutralization Antibody Titers After a Single Vaccine Dose in Health Care Workers Previously Infected With SARS-CoV-2
JAMA Saadat S, Rikhtegaran Tehrani Z et. al.

Feb 28th, 2021 - Current shortages in COVID-19 vaccine production and distribution have led some experts to suggest untested regimens.1 Persons who have had COVID-19 are thought to have protective immunity and memory responses2 for at least 6 months; however, neither recall responses nor ideal vaccine dosing regimens have been studied in those previously infected with SARS-CoV-2. We assessed whether health care...

Uniting Infectious Disease and Physical Science Principles on the Importance of Face Masks for COVID-19
Cell Press; Gandi M, Marr LC.

Jan 15th, 2021 - This commentary will summarize the evidence on face masks for COVID-19 from both the infectious diseases and physical science viewpoints; standardize recommendations on types of masks that afford the best protection to the public; and provide guidelines on messaging for this important non-pharmaceutical intervention as we await widespread vaccine distribution.

Prevalence estimates of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Belgium: results fro...
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BMC Infectious Diseases; Fischer N, Peeters I et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) is the most diagnosed sexually transmitted infection in Belgium. Screening programs focus on young women, due to the implications of chronic asymptomatic infections for reproductive health. Thereby, the frequency of infections in men and older adults is underestimated. This study aimed to estimate the point-prevalence of chlamydia in the broader Belgian populat...

Phylogeography and population differentiation in Hepatozoon canis (Apicomplexa: Hepatoz...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-04924-x 10.1016/j.vprsr.2016.11.001 10.1038/s41598-019-46662-2 10.1590/s1984-29612017041 10.1645/13-203.1 10.1645/13-325.1 10.1016/j.vetpar.2011.04.015 10.2307/3283781 10.1186/s13071-021-04628-2 10.1645/0022-3395(2001)087[0606:TOHCTD]2.0.CO;2 10.1186/1756-3305-4-55 10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.03.027 10.1292/jvms.57.111 10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.05.066 10.1017/S003118201600250X 10.1089/vbz.2009.0182 10.1007/s00436-014-3923-8 10.1016/j.parint.2020.102200 10.1186/1756-3305-7-303 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.07.005 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.05.005 10.1002/mbo3.1103 10.1177/1940082918755513 10.1111/jbi.13070 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.06.015 10.1016/j.parint.2020.102205 10.1016/j.parint.2018.09.006 10.3201/eid2208.151885 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.12.020 10.1093/bioinformatics/btm404 10.1046/j.1365-294x.2000.01020.x 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00191.x 10.1007/s00180-007-0072-x 10.1093/genetics/144.3.1237 10.1177/117693430500100003 10.1093/genetics/131.2.479 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2002.01650.x 10.1093/genetics/123.3.585 10.1093/genetics/147.2.915 10.1093/genetics/152.3.1079 10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040727 10.1093/molbev/msx248 10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a004034 10.1093/molbev/msi103 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003537 10.1038/nmeth.2109 10.1093/sysbio/syy032 10.1136/bmj.1.2320.1361 10.1016/j.cimid.2020.101514 10.1186/s13071-018-2714-y 10.1016/j.ijpara.2018.05.002 10.3347/kjp.2017.55.5.561 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2020.101520 10.1093/molbev/mst104 10.1016/j.apjtm.2017.08.011 10.1016/j.ijpara.2016.09.007 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005736 10.1186/s13071-018-3137-5 10.1093/genetics/105.2.437 10.1093/jhered/esy065 10.1051/parasite/2008153469 10.1073/pnas.2010083118 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.11.005
Parasites & Vectors; Vásquez-Aguilar AA, Barbachano-Guerrero A et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - Hepatozoon canis is a protozoan transmitted to dogs and other wild carnivores by the ingestion of ticks containing mature oocysts and is considered the principal cause of canine hepatozoonosis in the world. Here, we examined ribosomal RNA 18S gene sequence variation to determine the genetic differences and phylogeographic diversity of H. canis from various geographical areas around the world. W...

Hyalomma spp. ticks and associated Anaplasma spp. and Ehrlichia spp. on the Iran-Pakist...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-04956-3 10.2741/3200 10.1016/j.idc.2015.02.007 10.1007/s00436-011-2658-z 10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.06.001 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)70051-4 10.1016/j.cimid.2019.04.004 10.1016/j.cll.2009.10.004 10.1586/eri.09.44 10.1186/s13071-015-0649-0 10.3201/eid2205.152009 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0540 10.1111/tid.12652 10.1016/S2222-1808(16)61131-3 10.4178/epih/e2015002 10.1186/s40249-019-0522-z 10.1016/j.meegid.2011.09.019 10.1016/j.vetmic.2008.08.004 10.1016/j.ijmm.2008.01.001 10.1016/S0378-1135(02)00352-8 10.1111/j.1939-1676.1998.tb02096.x 10.1099/00207713-47-3-713 10.1099/ijs.0.02688-0 10.1093/molbev/msw054 10.1089/vbz.2017.2219 10.1111/tbed.13059 10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.10.015 10.1186/s13071-015-0894-2 10.1111/tbed.13488 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005681 10.1016/j.parepi.2020.e00173 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2004.07.005 10.4236/jbise.2013.67A3001 10.3389/fcimb.2013.00029 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009480 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006696 10.22319/rmcp.v11i1.5018 10.1186/s13071-020-3973-y 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006916 10.1186/s13071-018-3269-7 10.7589/0090-3558-20.1.12 10.1016/j.apjtb.2017.01.017 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2020.101641
Parasites & Vectors; Choubdar N, Karimian F et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - Anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis are tick-borne diseases affecting humans and livestock, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Animal husbandry is the main activity of people on the borders of Iran and Pakistan, with thousands of cattle crossing the border each week. PCR and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used to determine the percentage and geographical distribution of the pathog...

High levels of pyrethroid resistance and super-kdr mutations in the populations of trop...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-04962-5 10.1128/CMR.05015-11 10.1002/9781119171539 10.1080/22221751.2020.1780950 10.3390/insects2020210 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.01006.x 10.1080/03079458708436381 10.26842/binhm.7.2019.15.3.0343 10.1093/ae/57.1.14 10.1186/s13071-017-2232-3 10.1080/15216540701352042 10.1002/ps.1574 10.1007/s10158-006-0036-9 10.1016/j.ibmb.2011.05.004 10.1016/j.ibmb.2014.03.012 10.1016/S0965-1748(03)00023-7 10.1146/annurev.ento.52.040306.133913 10.1016/j.pestbp.2013.02.007 10.1002/ps.3861 10.1007/s00249-016-1195-1 10.1007/BF02173204 10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[1092:BAMAOD]2.0.CO;2 10.1093/jme/tjv103 10.1002/ps.3880 10.1186/s13071-019-3565-x 10.1051/parasite/2012194381 10.1038/srep01456 10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60727-1 10.11646/zootaxa.4111.2.8 10.1093/jme/tjz011 10.1093/jee/tox039 10.1016/j.pestbp.2006.09.006 10.1603/ME11003 10.1093/jmedent/47.4.592 10.1111/aen.12109 10.1303/aez.33.339 10.1016/j.pestbp.2018.03.004 10.1186/s13071-020-04364-z 10.1093/molbev/msy096 10.1111/aen.12268 10.1111/aen.12098 10.3791/55092 10.1093/jme/tjv253 10.1093/jee/tox070 10.1093/jme/tjy126 10.1017/S0007485319000877 10.1093/jme/tjaa022 10.1007/s00204-011-0726-x 10.1007/s00436-015-4898-9 10.1016/j.ibmb.2010.03.004 10.1111/brv.12440 10.1146/annurev.genet.34.1.499 10.1074/jbc.M402392200 10.1016/j.gene.2006.04.013 10.5864/d2012-013 10.3390/insects2020151 10.1002/ps.4084
Parasites & Vectors; Ghavami MB, Ghahremani Z et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - The tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipterus, is an important ectoparasite causing various health problems. This species is mainly confined to tropical regions; however, insecticide resistance, global warming, and globalization have changed its distribution map. Molecular information on pyrethroid resistance, which is essential for the development of control programs, is unknown for C. hemipterus in ...

Legal System Involvement and Opioid-Related Overdose Mortality in U.S. Department of Ve...
American Journal of Preventive Medicine; Finlay AK, Palframan KM et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - Opioid-related overdose risks are elevated after incarceration. The rates of opioid-related overdose mortality have risen in recent years, including among Veterans Health Administration patients. To inform Veteran overdose prevention, this study evaluates whether opioid-related overdose risks differ for Veterans Health Administration patients with versus those without indicators of legal system...