The effects of meal-specific protein quantity and protein distribution throughout the day on daily food intake are relatively unknown.
State-level reports are the best publicly available data on child COVID-19 cases in the United States. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Children’s Hospital Association are collaborating to collect and share all publicly available data from states on child COVID-19 cases (definition of “child” case is based on varying age ranges reported across states; see report Appendix for details a...
Herpes zoster is a major health burden that can affect individuals of any age. It is seen more commonly among individuals aged ≥50 years, those with immunocompromised status, and those on immunosuppressant drugs. It is caused by a reactivation of varicella zoster virus infection. Cell-mediated immunity plays a role in this reactivation. Fever, pain, and itch are common symptoms before the onset...
The SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent for COVID-19 pneumonia. Little is known about the 60 kinetics, tissue distribution, cross-reactivity and neutralization antibody response in COVID61 19 patients. Two groups of RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients were enrolled in this study, 62 including 12 severe patients in ICUs who needed mechanical ventilation and 11 mild patients 63 in isolation wards...
The use of any tobacco product by youths is unsafe, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) (1). Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is highly addictive, can harm the developing adolescent brain, and can increase risk for future addiction to other drugs (1). E-cigarette use has increased considerably among U.S. youths since 2011 (1,2). Multiple factors have contributed to this incr...
There is a shift in thinking about dietary protein requirements from daily requirements to individual meal requirements. Per meal, stimulation of muscle protein synthesis has a saturable dose relationship with the quantity of dietary protein consumed. Protein intake above the saturable dose does not further contribute to the synthetic response; the “excess” amino acids are predominantly oxidize...
Many physician offices accept sample medications from pharmaceutical drug representatives and dispense them to their patient population. Compliance with providing sample medications to patients in a safe manner requires a significant administrative effort. When the physician office practice dispenses sample medications to its patients, the practice is acting as a pharmacy and is required to fol...
The ongoing novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has already infected millions worldwide and, with no vaccine available, interventions to mitigate transmission are urgently needed. While there is broad agreement that travel restrictions and social distancing are beneficial in limiting spread, recommendations around face mask use are inconsistent. Here, we use mathematical modeling to e...
American Journal of Managed Care; AJMC Staff
Jun 3rd, 2021 - If 2020 was dominated by the news of how COVID-19 spread across the globe, then 2021 has so far been focused on ending the pandemic through vaccine distribution. Note: This timeline will update throughout the year as new developments take place.
US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
May 18th, 2021 - Oxford, Miss. – A Starkville physician was sentenced today to three years of probation for receiving misbranded drugs in interstate commerce and distributing them with the intent to defraud his patients. In addition to the term of probation, the defendant was ordered to forfeit $105,322.53, to pay a fine of $95,000 and to pay restitution in the amount of $377,545.20.
Experimental Gerontology; Toselli S, Campa F et. al.
May 6th, 2021 - Background: Low muscle mass is associated with sarcopenia and increased mortality. Muscle mass, especially that of the limbs, is commonly estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or bioimpedance analysis (BIA). However, BIA-based predictive equations for estimating lean appendicular soft tissue mass (ALST) do not take into account body fat distribution, an important factor influencin...
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry; Fasano A, Daniele A.
Aug 18th, 2021 - Due to the dramatic spread of COVID-19, public health measures and a campaign of widespread distribution of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 are among the most important priorities for many governments worldwide. Attitudes of people towards vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 can be basically split into three major categories. A first category includes people (60%–80% of the population) who are convinced...
The Washington Post;
Mar 21st, 2021 - As coronavirus vaccinations continue to pick up speed in the country, states are expanding the share of the population eligible to receive the growing supply of vaccines. According to new data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a majority of U.S. adults age 65 and older have received at least one shot of a coronavirus vaccine.
JAMA Saadat S, Rikhtegaran Tehrani Z et. al.
Feb 28th, 2021 - Current shortages in COVID-19 vaccine production and distribution have led some experts to suggest untested regimens.1 Persons who have had COVID-19 are thought to have protective immunity and memory responses2 for at least 6 months; however, neither recall responses nor ideal vaccine dosing regimens have been studied in those previously infected with SARS-CoV-2. We assessed whether health care...
Cell Press; Gandi M, Marr LC.
Jan 15th, 2021 - This commentary will summarize the evidence on face masks for COVID-19 from both the infectious diseases and physical science viewpoints; standardize recommendations on types of masks that afford the best protection to the public; and provide guidelines on messaging for this important non-pharmaceutical intervention as we await widespread vaccine distribution.
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BMC Infectious Diseases; Fischer N, Peeters I et. al.
Sep 16th, 2021 - Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) is the most diagnosed sexually transmitted infection in Belgium. Screening programs focus on young women, due to the implications of chronic asymptomatic infections for reproductive health. Thereby, the frequency of infections in men and older adults is underestimated. This study aimed to estimate the point-prevalence of chlamydia in the broader Belgian populat...
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Parasites & Vectors; Vásquez-Aguilar AA, Barbachano-Guerrero A et. al.
Sep 16th, 2021 - Hepatozoon canis is a protozoan transmitted to dogs and other wild carnivores by the ingestion of ticks containing mature oocysts and is considered the principal cause of canine hepatozoonosis in the world. Here, we examined ribosomal RNA 18S gene sequence variation to determine the genetic differences and phylogeographic diversity of H. canis from various geographical areas around the world. W...
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Parasites & Vectors; Choubdar N, Karimian F et. al.
Sep 16th, 2021 - Anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis are tick-borne diseases affecting humans and livestock, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Animal husbandry is the main activity of people on the borders of Iran and Pakistan, with thousands of cattle crossing the border each week. PCR and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used to determine the percentage and geographical distribution of the pathog...
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Parasites & Vectors; Ghavami MB, Ghahremani Z et. al.
Sep 16th, 2021 - The tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipterus, is an important ectoparasite causing various health problems. This species is mainly confined to tropical regions; however, insecticide resistance, global warming, and globalization have changed its distribution map. Molecular information on pyrethroid resistance, which is essential for the development of control programs, is unknown for C. hemipterus in ...
American Journal of Preventive Medicine; Finlay AK, Palframan KM et. al.
Sep 16th, 2021 - Opioid-related overdose risks are elevated after incarceration. The rates of opioid-related overdose mortality have risen in recent years, including among Veterans Health Administration patients. To inform Veteran overdose prevention, this study evaluates whether opioid-related overdose risks differ for Veterans Health Administration patients with versus those without indicators of legal system...