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About 1,305,425 results

Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery and perioperative pirfenidone for lung cancer...
https://doi.org/10.1177/03000605211016998
The Journal of International Medical Research; Saiki A, Mizobuchi T et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) occasionally experience acute exacerbations after surgery for lung cancer. Several recent studies have revealed a prophylactic effect of perioperative pirfenidone treatment on postoperative acute exacerbations of IPF in patients with lung cancer. A 75-year-old woman consulted with her pulmonologist because of an IPF shadow detected by follow-up ...

Pulmonary function after segmentectomy versus lobectomy in patients with early-stage no...
https://doi.org/10.1177/03000605211044204
The Journal of International Medical Research; Wang X, Guo H et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - Segmentectomy is widely performed for early-stage lung cancer. However, the effects of segmentectomy versus lobectomy on pulmonary function remain unclear. We performed a meta-analysis with the aim of comparing segmentectomy and lobectomy in terms of preservation of pulmonary function in patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We conducted a literature search of PubMed usi...

Efficiency of complete omentectomy in patients with resectable gastric cancer: a meta‑a...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-021-01921-3 10.3322/caac.21657 10.1002/bjs.10149 10.1002/bjs.11702 10.1007/s11605-016-3092-4 10.1016/j.jss.2021.02.033 10.1007/s11605-020-04772-7 10.1016/j.surg.2021.02.008 10.1016/j.ijsu.2021.105906 10.1136/bmj.d5928 10.1046/j.1445-2197.2003.02748.x 10.1186/1471-2288-14-135 10.1007/s00268-008-9598-5 10.1007/s10120-012-0198-6 10.1186/1477-7819-12-64 10.3349/ymj.2011.52.6.961 10.1038/s41598-020-73367-8 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003883 10.1007/s00464-018-6268-z 10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3152 10.1016/j.ejso.2019.08.018 10.1080/08941939.2017.1355942 10.1016/j.ejso.2019.01.020 10.1016/S2468-1253(18)30090-6 10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00553-7 10.1007/s12029-019-00310-0 10.1089/lap.2019.0781 10.1016/j.crad.2011.05.006 10.5230/jgc.2012.12.1.46
BMC Gastroenterology; Zhu A, Yin G et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of complete omentectomy (CO) in patients undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. We conducted a literature search in PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases for clinical research that compared CO with non-complete omentectomy (NCO). These articles were published prior to April 2021. Overall survival (OS) rate...

Advanced-stage Wilms tumor arising in a horseshoe kidney of a 9-year-old child: a case ...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-021-03048-1 10.1016/S0031-3955(05)70538-1 10.1002/1097-0142(197601)37:1<403::AID-CNCR2820370152>3.0.CO;2-H 10.1016/S0022-3476(64)80079-2 10.1016/S0022-5347(17)49351-7 10.1053/jpsu.2002.34458 10.1016/j.urology.2016.02.035 10.1016/S0022-5347(01)64874-2 10.1016/S0022-3468(74)80119-3 10.1016/j.jpurol.2016.04.033 10.1002/ar.1092220413 10.1016/S0022-3468(98)90678-9 10.1016/0090-4295(79)90353-4 10.1111/j.1464-410X.1982.tb13570.x 10.1016/0090-4295(76)90344-7 10.1056/NEJM196404302701802 10.1200/JCO.2015.62.1888 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2003.10.019 10.1002/mpo.2950210307 10.1016/S0889-8588(18)30043-1 10.1016/S0022-5347(17)60983-2
Journal of Medical Case Reports; Farouk AG, Ibrahim HA et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - Horseshoe kidney (HK) is one of the most common renal fusion abnormalities, with an incidence of 1:400 in the normal population. However, Wilms tumor (WT) arising in an HK is a rare occurrence. We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who presented with an advanced WT in an HK and also highlight the management challenges in a resource-poor setting such as ours. The patient was a 9-year-old Nigeri...

Intraorbital Expansion of an Intradiploic Frontal Epidermoid Cyst: A Case Report and Sh...
https://doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.931615
The American Journal of Case Reports; Antoniades E, Cheva A et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - BACKGROUND Calvarial epidermoid cysts (EC) are encased remnants of ectoderm at the third week of gestation. There are also reports which consider them sequelae of head trauma. They are benign lesions. As they develop, they exert a mass effect to adjacent anatomical structures. CASE REPORT We report the case of a 58-year-old male patient with left-sided exophthalmos. His radiologic examinations ...

Radical treatment of ruptured dissecting aneurysm on the P1 segment with monotherapy us...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244950
BMJ Case Reports; Sasaki N, Imamura H et. al.

Sep 16th, 2021 - The standard endovascular treatment for ruptured dissecting aneurysm is a parent artery occlusion. However, this treatment is unsuitable when the artery of the lesion gives off perforating vessels that supply blood to critical regions or when the collateral flow cannot be expected due to the sacrifice of the parent artery. Here, we present an infrequent case of ruptured dissecting aneurysm on P...

Late presentation of a cauda equina lesion with a vulval abscess: a case report.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8439054
Journal of Medical Case Reports; Ekanayake CD, Weerasekera D et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Cauda equina syndrome is a rare clinical condition that requires prompt diagnosis and timely surgical decompression with postoperative rehabilitation to prevent devastating complications. A 55-year-old Sinhalese woman presented with a vulval abscess, with a history of involuntary leakage of urine for the last 7 years. Her sexual activity has been compromised due to coital incontinence, and she ...

Small cell neuroendocrine tumour of the cervix in pregnancy: the importance of multidis...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2020-237058
BMJ Case Reports; Bain E, Coleridge SL et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - A woman in her mid-20s presented with bleeding at 18 weeks gestation from a cervical 'polyp'. Histopathology demonstrated a rare small cell neuroendocrine of the cervix. There were only 18 cases of neuroendocrine tumours of the cervix in and around pregnancy in the literature, so the evidence base for treatment was scarce. She was treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, using a regimen used for ...

Incidental finding of hereditary multiple osteochondroma causing ischiofemoral impingem...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-241840
BMJ Case Reports; Elnaggar A, Abraham R et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) has been described in the medical literature as a cause of hip pain. IFI occurs due to an abnormal contact or reduced space between the lesser trochanter and the lateral border of the ischium and is an often unrecognised cause of pain and snapping in the hip. Association of multiple exostoses and a skeletal dysplasia characterised by an abnormal modelling of bone...

Giant ulcerative benign osteochondroma of shoulder.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243202
BMJ Case Reports; Pathak SK, Chawla JS et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Osteochondromas in hereditary multiple exostosis have increased risk of malignant transformation as compared with solitary osteochondromas. We present a case of a 54-year-old man who presented to us with complaints of swollen mass of the left shoulder with an ulcerative lesion. Radiograph showed a sessile growth from the proximal humerus and scapula. MRI revealed a sessile osteochondroma measur...

First reported case of a coronal hamate fracture associated with intrusion of the fifth...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243368
BMJ Case Reports; Pace V, Placella G et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - We present a case reporting a rare combination of base of fourth metacarpal fracture and coronal body of hamate fracture, treated conservatively with excellent results. High index of suspicion for undetected bony injuries drove the execution of a CT scan, which allowed us to make a full correct diagnosis and plan treatment. Moreover, this case becomes the first reported case in the literature o...

Cardiac tamponade and massive pleural effusion in a young COVID-19-positive adult.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244518
BMJ Case Reports; Johny D, Subramanyam K et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - COVID-19 has a broad spectrum of cardiac manifestations, and cardiac tamponade leading to cardiogenic shock is a rare presentation. A 30-year-old man with a history of COVID-19-positive, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) done 1 week ago and who was home-quarantined, came to the emergency department with palpitations, breathlessness and orthopnoea. His ECG showed sinus tac...

Pinckney fracture: do not underestimate trauma of the distal phalanx of the hallux.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244985
BMJ Case Reports; Nóbrega J, Ovídio J et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Toe injuries are common in the emergency department and most of them are treated conservatively. In some circumstances, these injuries can present as a physeal fracture with concomitant soft-tissue injury affecting the nail bed and resulting in a hidden open fracture. To adequately treat these patients, a high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose and treat the open fractures and to prevent ...

Annular cervical detachment during caesarean section.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-245070
BMJ Case Reports; Bahadur A, Ravi AK et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Annular cervical detachment is a rare complication mostly associated with prolonged labour and the resultant vascular impairment. Although a remote possibility, such a complication is not unheard of with caesarean section. Here is one such case of annular detachment of cervix during caesarean section due to difficult delivery of fetus which was managed by repair of cut edges.

FIGO good practice recommendations on cervical cerclage for prevention of preterm birth.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13835
International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the ... Shennan A, Story L et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Cervical cerclage is an intervention which when given to the right women can prevent preterm birth and second-trimester fetal losses. A history-indicated cerclage should be offered to women who have had three or more preterm deliveries and/or mid-trimester losses. An ultrasound-indicated cerclage should be offered to women with a cervical length <25 mm if they have had one or more spontaneous p...

Unusual cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in an 84-year-old woman: a miraculous surviv...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244318
BMJ Case Reports; Tan N, Shi Y et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - An 84-year-old woman presented acutely with dizziness, fatigue and a total of 800 mL of fresh per rectum (PR) bleeding. The significant history of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair 5 years ago included multiple episodes of endovascular leak around the stent associated with abscess of left psoas major, left abdominal wall abscess with sinus formation, appendicitis with abscess formation, and acut...

Small intestine leiomyosarcoma mimicking gastrointestinal stromal tumour.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244381
BMJ Case Reports; Fawaz M, Kataria K et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Small bowel malignant tumours make only 2% of all gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies. Small bowel leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is further rare, accounts for only 0.1%-3% fraction of these tumours. These cases can present as asymptomatic intra-abdominal mass, anaemia due to GI bleed or acute abdomen such as perforation peritonitis, intussusception and bowel ischaemia. Standard of care is surgical resect...

Two-staged posterior osteotomy surgery in complex and rigid congenital scoliosis in you...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8439016
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders; Zhao S, Xue X et. al.

Sep 15th, 2021 - Congenital scoliosis caused by failure of multiply vertebral segmentation with concave fused rib or unsegmented bar combined with contralateralhemivertebra is usually rigid and produces enormous asymmetric growth. Fusionless techniques have less advantage and come with some complications. Paucity of data was reported for children with complex congenital scoliosis using two-staged osteotomy surg...

Adrenal pheochromocytoma with involvement of aorta and left renal artery: salvaged with...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244297
BMJ Case Reports; Sathaye S, Parmar KM et. al.

Sep 14th, 2021 - Large adrenal pheochromocytomas encasing the renal artery are a rare entity. The management of such challenging cases is surgical resection. The involvement of renal tissue and renal artery may necessitate meticulous dissection and concomitant nephrectomy. Here, we present a case of 41-year-old man diagnosed with left adrenal pheochromocytoma with complete encasement of left renal artery and pa...

Corneal perforation due to vitamin A deficiency in a patient with short bowel syndrome.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-242776
BMJ Case Reports; Fieldhouse H, Nestel A et. al.

Sep 14th, 2021 - A 55-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 1-week history of left eye redness and blurred vision. Her medical history included previous small bowel resection and ileostomy for ischaemic bowel. Ophthalmic examination revealed a left corneal ulcer requiring hospital admission for intensive topical antibiotics. Overnight she became systemically unwell and was diagnosed with urinary tract infec...