×
About 190,568 results

Up-regulation of apoptotic- and cell survival-related gene pathways following exposures...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8418000
BMC Genomics; Coates BS, Deleury E et. al.

Sep 5th, 2021 - Resistance of pest insect species to insecticides, including B. thuringiensis (Bt) pesticidal proteins expressed by transgenic plants, is a threat to global food security. Despite the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, being a major pest of maize and having populations showing increasing levels of resistance to hybrids expressing Bt pesticidal proteins, the cell mechanisms l...

Low-dose exposure to black carbon significantly increase lung injury of cadmium by prom...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112703
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety; Wang L, Bao S et. al.

Sep 4th, 2021 - Particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) has adverse biological effects on major living organs in the body, including lungs. The complex composition of PM2.5, including carbon black and heavy metals, cause toxic effects to the lung. Nonetheless, there exists considerable knowledge gaps regarding the impact of carbon black (CB) on environmental health and safety (EHS). Thus far, the synergistic effects of...

Long-Term Residential Exposure to Particulate Matter and Its Components, Nitrogen Dioxi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8393394
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Sommar JN, Hvidtfeldt UA et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - This study aims to estimate the mortality risk associated with air pollution in a Swedish cohort with relatively low exposure. Air pollution models were used to estimate annual mean concentrations of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm (PM2.5), primary emitted carbonaceous particles (BC/pOC), sea salt, chemically formed particles grouped as secondary inorganic and organic aero...

Toxicological Comparison of Mancozeb and Zoxamide Fungicides at Environmentally Relevan...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8392283
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Lori G, Tassinari R et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Mancozeb (MZ) and zoxamide (ZOX) are fungicides commonly used in pest control programs to protect vineyards. Their toxic and genotoxic potential were investigated in vitro on HepG2 and A549 cell lines at environmentally relevant concentrations. Cytotoxicity, apoptosis, necrosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), comet assay and a micronucleus test with CREST immunofluorescence wer...

Changes of Gene Expression Patterns from Aquatic Organisms Exposed to Metal Nanoparticles.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8394891
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Kulasza M, Skuza L

Aug 28th, 2021 - Metal nanoparticles are used in various branches of industry due to their physicochemical properties. However, with intensive use, most of the waste and by-products from industries and household items, and from weathering of products containing nanoparticles, end up in the waters. These pollutants pose a risk to aquatic organisms, one of which is a change in the expression of various genes. Mos...

Environmental Risk Characterization of an Antiretroviral (ARV) Lamivudine in Ecosystems.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8391970
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Omotola EO, Genthe B et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Antiretroviral drugs for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other viral infections are among the emerging contaminants considered for ecological risk assessment. These compounds have been reported to be widely distributed in water bodies and other aquatic environments, while data concerning the risk they may pose to unintended non-target species in a different ecosystem (en...

Sailors and the Risk of Asbestos-Related Cancer.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8394725
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Lemen RA, Landrigan PJ

Aug 28th, 2021 - Sailors have long been known to experience high rates of injury, disease, and premature death. Many studies have shown asbestos-related diseases among shipyard workers, but few have examined the epidemiology of asbestos-related disease and death among asbestos-exposed sailors serving on ships at sea. Chrysotile and amphibole asbestos were used extensively in ship construction for insulation, jo...

Odiel River (SW Spain), a Singular Scenario Affected by Acid Mine Drainage (AMD): Graph...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8392139
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Grande JA, Luís AT et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - The Odiel River (SW Spain) is one of the most cited rivers in the scientific literature due to its high pollution degree, generated by more than 80 sulphide mines' (mostly unrestored) contamination in the Iberian Pyritic Belt (IPB), that have been exploited for more than 5000 years. Along the river and its tributaries, the physico-chemical parameters and diatoms, from 15 sampling points, were a...

Toxic Effects of Inhaled Vanadium Attached to Particulate Matter: A Literature Review.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8391836
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Rojas-Lemus M, López-Valdez N et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Environmental pollution is a worldwide problem recognized by the World Health Organization as a major health risk factor that affects low-, middle- and high-income countries. Suspended particulate matter is among the most dangerous pollutants, since it contains toxicologically relevant agents, such as metals, including vanadium. Vanadium is a transition metal that is emitted into the atmosphere...

Observational Study of the Association between Air Cadmium Exposure and Prostate Cancer...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8392592
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Vijayakumar V, Abern MR et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Although studies have investigated cadmium and prostate cancer (PC) incidence and mortality, the role of cadmium in PC progression might be more clinically relevant. In this observational study, we assessed the association between air cadmium exposure and PC aggressiveness, with PC stage defined as metastatic or localized and Gleason grade defined as high (Gleason score ≥ 8) or low (Gleason sco...

Understanding the Impact of Perfluorinated Compounds on Cardiovascular Diseases and The...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8391474
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Abdullah Soheimi SS, Abdul Rahman A et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are non-biodegradable synthetic chemical compounds that are widely used in manufacturing many household products. Many studies have reported the association between PFCs exposure with the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, those reports are still debatable, due to their findings. Thus, this review paper aimed to analyse the association of...

Probabilistic Risk Assessment of Dietary Exposure to Chloramphenicol in Guangzhou, China.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8391991
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Wang Y, Zhang W et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Chloramphenicol has been used in veterinary medicine, where its residues can remain in food of animal origin, thus potentially causing adverse health effects. This facilitated the ban for its use in food-producing animals globally, but its residues have remained ubiquitous. In this study, food commodities possibly contaminated with chloramphenicol, including livestock meat, poultry, edible visc...

Development of a Human Estrogen Receptor Dimerization Assay for the Estrogenic Endocrin...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8395052
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Kim HM, Seo H et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are found in food and various other substances, including pesticides and plastics. EDCs are easily absorbed into the body and have the ability to mimic or block hormone function. The radioligand binding assay based on the estrogen receptors binding affinity is widely used to detect estrogenic EDCs but is limited to radioactive substances and requires specif...

Ambient particulate matter triggers defective autophagy and hijacks endothelial cell re...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117295
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Wang Y, Ma Y et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Ambient particulate matter (APM) has been authenticated to exert hazards on human vascular endothelial cells, including abnormal autophagy. However, the potential reasons for autophagosome accumulation are still obscure. Since autophagy is a dynamic process, it is imperative to systemically consider the autophagic induction combined with its degradation to reflect realistic scenarios. Therefore...

Comparative physicochemical properties and toxicity of organic UV filters and their pho...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117551
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Law JC, Huang Y et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Transformation products (TPs) of micropollutants contaminating our water resources have become an emerging issue due to the potential threats they pose to environmental and human health. This study investigated the transformation chemistry, toxicity, physicochemical properties and environmental behavior resulting from photocatalytic transformation of organic UV filters as model micropollutants....

Lead, mercury, and selenium alter physiological functions in wild caimans (Caiman croco...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117549
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Lemaire J, Bustamante P et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Environmental contaminants affect ecosystems worldwide and have deleterious effects on biota. Non-essential mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb) concentrations are well documented in some taxa and are described to cause multiple detrimental effects on human and wildlife. Additionally, essential selenium (Se) is known to be toxic at high concentrations but, at lower concentrations, Se can protect organism...

Multiomics assessment in Enchytraeus crypticus exposed to Ag nanomaterials (Ag NM300K) ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117571
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Maria VL, Licha D et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Silver nanomaterials (AgNMs) are broadly used and among the most studied nanomaterials. The underlying molecular mechanisms (e.g. protein and metabolite response) that precede phenotypical effects have been assessed to a much lesser extent. In this paper, we assess differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) and metabolites (DEMs) by high-throughput (HTP) techniques (HPLC-MS/MS with tandem mass ta...

Relationships between di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate exposure and lipid metabolism in adol...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117570
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Ding S, Qi W et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - In recent years, the incidence of lipid metabolism disorders in adolescents has gradually increased, and the effects of DEHP on lipid metabolism have received widespread attention. In this study, 463 adolescents aged 16-19 years were enrolled as subjects. This study analyzed the associations between the urinary levels of DEHP metabolites (MEHP, MEOHP, MEHHP, MECPP, MCMHP, and ∑DEHP) and BMI, WH...

Biomarkers-based assessment of triclosan toxicity in aquatic environment: A mechanistic...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117569
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Kumar S, Paul T et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Triclosan (TCS), an emergent pollutant, is raising a global concern due to its toxic effects on organisms and aquatic ecosystems. The non-availability of proven treatment technologies for TCS remediation is the central issue stressing thorough research on understanding the underlying mechanisms of toxicity and assessing vital biomarkers in the aquatic organism for practical monitoring purposes....

Negative impacts of microcystin-LR and glyphosate on zebrafish intestine: Linked with g...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117685
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987); Ding W, Shangguan Y et. al.

Aug 28th, 2021 - Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and glyphosate (GLY) have been classified as a Group 2B and Group 2A carcinogens for humans, respectively, and frequently found in aquatic ecosystems. However, data on the potential hazard of MC-LR and GLY exposure to the fish gut are relatively scarce. In the current study, a subacute toxicity test of zebrafish exposed to MC-LR (35 μg L-1) and GLY (3.5 mg L-1), either al...