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About 64,080 results

Unintentional Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127076
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Zhang C, Lam K et. al.

Jun 25th, 2022 - Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure increases the prevalence and severity of sinopulmonary diseases in children. The primary source of SHS exposure in children is through adults who live in the same house; however, the level of exposure may vary based on the adult smoking habits at home. This prospective cross-sectional study in Alberta, Canada, investigated the relationship between self-reported c...

Urine Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate Metabolites Are Independently Related to Body Fluid S...
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19126964
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Wang WJ, Wang CS et. al.

Jun 25th, 2022 - Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been utilized in many daily products for decades. Previous studies have reported that DEHP exposure could induce renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation and increase epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) activity, which contributes to extracellular fluid (ECF) volume expansion. However, there is also no previous study to evaluate the association between...

17-Hydroxyprogesterone, Urine
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2097997-overview

Jun 23rd, 2022 - Reference Range The reference range of urinary 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHPG) in children is as follows: [1, 2, 3] Age 3 days to 1 year: Up to 50 ng/24 hours Age 1-8 years: Up to 300 ng/24 hours The following is the reference of urinary 17-OHPG in adults: Males: Up to 2 µg/24 hours Females: Up to 4.5 µg/24 hours Next: Interpretation Elevated urinary 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHPG) levels are...

17-Hydroxyprogesterone, Urine
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2097997-overview

Jun 23rd, 2022 - Reference Range The reference range of urinary 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHPG) in children is as follows: [1, 2, 3] Age 3 days to 1 year: Up to 50 ng/24 hours Age 1-8 years: Up to 300 ng/24 hours The following is the reference of urinary 17-OHPG in adults: Males: Up to 2 µg/24 hours Females: Up to 4.5 µg/24 hours Next: Interpretation Elevated urinary 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHPG) levels are...

The clinical and pathological relevance of waxy casts in urine sediment.
https://doi.org/10.1080/0886022X.2022.2088388
Renal Failure; Xu D, Li J et. al.

Jun 23rd, 2022 - Although casts in urine may imply the underlying pathogenesis and the diagnosis, the waxy cast is poorly understood yet. We aim to investigate the association between waxy casts and clinicopathological indices. Patients undergone renal biopsy and urine sediment examination were enrolled. Waxy casts referred to those presented with a homogeneous melted wax appearance and pre-waxy casts referred ...

Associations of Obesity and Neighborhood Factors With Urinary Stone Parameters.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2022.01.033
American Journal of Preventive Medicine; Crivelli JJ, Redden DT et. al.

Jun 21st, 2022 - Obesity is associated with kidney stone disease, but it is unknown whether this association differs by SES. This study assessed the extent to which obesity and neighborhood characteristics jointly contribute to urinary risk factors for kidney stone disease. This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients with kidney stone disease evaluated with 24-hour urine collection (2001-2020). Neighbor...

Relationship between bisphenol A, bisphenol S, and bisphenol F and serum uric acid conc...
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268503
PloS One; Lee YJ, Lim YH et. al.

Jun 17th, 2022 - Hyperuricemia has a suspected relationship with hypertension, metabolic syndrome, kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease. Endocrine disruptors may affect uric acid metabolism; however, few epidemiologic studies have been performed in children regarding newly developed bisphenol A (BPA) substitutes. We evaluated the associations between BPA, bisphenol S (BPS), and bisphenol F (BPF) exposure ...

Simultaneous quantification of pyrethroid metabolites in urine of non-toilet-trained ch...
https://doi.org/10.1265/ehpm.21-00037
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine; Ueyama J, Ito Y et. al.

Jun 16th, 2022 - Pyrethroid (PYR) insecticides are widely used for controlling various pests. There are two types that differ in terms of usage: agricultural-purpose PYR (agriculture-PYR) and hygiene purpose PYR (hygiene-PYRs). Few studies exist on the exposure to these chemicals in small children. In this study, we conducted biomonitoring of urinary pyrethroid metabolites in 1.5-year-old children throughout th...

Urine Test Detects SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies.
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2022.9512
JAMA Larkin HD

Jun 15th, 2022 - Urine Test Detects SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies.|2022|Larkin HD,|urine,diagnosis,immunology,urine,methods,immunology,methods,

Implications of increased circulating macrophage inhibitory protein-5 in patients with ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2022.108916
International Immunopharmacology; Zhao B, Zhang M et. al.

Jun 10th, 2022 - Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) which is regarded as an inflammatory disease is associated with several chemokines, although the association with macrophage inhibitory protein-5 (MIP-5) which has a chemotaxis for many immune cells has not been reported. This study was designed to determine the circulating level of MIP-5 as well as clinical significance in T2DM patients. MIP-5 was measured in se...

Uses of GFR and Albuminuria Level in Acute and Chronic Kidney Disease.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra2201153
The New England Journal of Medicine; Levey AS, Grams ME et. al.

Jun 2nd, 2022 - Uses of GFR and Albuminuria Level in Acute and Chronic Kidney Disease.|2022|Levey AS,Grams ME,Inker LA,|etiology,complications,physiopathology,urine,complications,physiopathology,urine,

Exploration of the lower threshold of iodine intake in Southern Chinese young adults ba...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-022-00775-z 10.1016/S2213-8587(14)70225-6 10.1038/nrendo.2018.18 10.1111/j.1365-2265.1995.tb01886.x 10.1093/ajcn/81.4.840 10.3945/ajcn.116.139725 10.1089/thy.2015.0613 10.1016/j.beem.2009.08.013 10.3322/caac.21338 10.1210/jcem-29-1-111 10.1210/jcem-29-5-721 10.1210/jcem-26-2-149 10.1093/jn/117.11.1811 10.1017/S0007114520002196 10.1017/S1368980007361004 10.1186/s12986-019-0381-4 10.3945/ajcn.116.134049 10.1210/jcem-29-1-79 10.1210/jcem-25-8-1077 10.1677/joe.0.1610115 10.1210/jcem-27-7-913 10.3945/ajcn.111.028001
Nutrition Journal; Wang J, Zhang H et. al.

Jun 2nd, 2022 - Appropriate iodine intake for adults is essential to reduce the prevalence of thyroid diseases, but there is little research data on iodine requirement of Chinese population. This study aimed to explore the iodine requirement of young adults to maintain a healthy status based on 'overflow theory'. Iodine-balance experiment has been performed in this project. We conducted an 18-day study consist...

Is an Acute Perioperative Increase in Creatinine Production Rate a Potential Mechanism ...
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2022.03.035
Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia; McIlroy DR, Tupper-Creed D et. al.

Jun 2nd, 2022 - Previous studies report a creatinine-based signal of injury within hours after cardiac surgery, which is sooner than expected based on creatinine kinetic modelling. A plausible mechanism for such an early signal has not been established, but might be explained by an acute perioperative increase in creatinine production rate (Crprod-rate). The authors sought to test the hypothesis that periopera...

Urinary 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) levels and changes in hematological parameters in...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2022.113988
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health; Choi YH, Lee JY et. al.

Jun 1st, 2022 - Pyrethroid insecticides have been broadly used as pest control in agriculture and residential spaces, exerting high effectiveness of insecticidal property and relatively low toxicity to humans. Several animal studies suggested that exposure to pyrethroids may induce hematological abnormalities, thereby altering the number of blood cells and resulting in blood disorders. However, no epidemiologi...

Association between Fathers' Use of Heated Tobacco Products and Urinary Cotinine Concen...
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106275
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Onoue A, Inaba Y et. al.

May 29th, 2022 - Heated tobacco products (HTPs) have become increasingly popular among smokers, especially among young adults in Japan in recent years. Assessments of secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure due to HTPs are scarce. The present study aimed to assess the urinary levels of total nicotine metabolites (TNMs) of non-smoking spouses and their children following SHS exposure due to their fathers' use of...

Performance of a rapid immuno-chromatographic test (Schistosoma ICT IgG-IgM) for detect...
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0010463
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Hoermann J, Kuenzli E et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Schistosomiasis, an acute and chronic parasitic disease caused by human pathogenic Schistosoma species, is a neglected tropical disease affecting more than 220 million people worldwide. For diagnosis of schistosomiasis, stool and urine microscopy for egg detection is still the recommended method, however sensitivity of these methods is limited. Therefore, other methods like molecular detection ...

Assessment of urine sample quality by the simultaneous measurement of urinary γ-glutamy...
https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2022-0153
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine; Friess A, Friess U et. al.

May 26th, 2022 - Evaluation of the simultaneous measurement of urinary γ-glutamyltransferase (γGT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) to discriminate fresh from previously frozen specimens in urine drug monitoring. Two widely available photometric tests (Siemens Healthineers Atellica) were used to determine the range of urinary γGT and LDH excretion and to study the decay in urinary enzyme activity under various s...

Biological variation in the serum and urine kidney injury markers of a healthy populati...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-022-02819-2 10.2215/CJN.00710113 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00344-X 10.2215/CJN.02140215 10.1159/000339789 10.7754/clin.lab.2013.120804 10.1053/j.ajkd.2009.07.020 10.2174/1389203717666160909125004 10.1515/cclm-2014-1127 10.1373/clinchem.2017.281808 10.1007/s11356-020-07661-3 10.1016/j.kint.2019.02.021 10.1373/clinchem.2017.282517 10.1515/cclm-2020-1168 10.1016/0028-3908(89)90046-4 10.1093/biomet/52.3-4.591 10.2307/3001634 10.1373/clinchem.2012.187781 10.1093/ndt/gfs127 10.1515/cclm-2013-0157 10.1053/j.ajkd.2018.04.023 10.1373/clinchem.2015.250993 10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.11.048 10.1111/bcp.13217 10.1186/cc2872 10.2215/CJN.05431207 10.1186/cc11454 10.1038/s41598-018-26226-6 10.1016/j.jcrc.2012.10.007 10.1159/000364937 10.1681/ASN.2010080796
BMC Nephrology; Kong LR, Wei F et. al.

May 25th, 2022 - To explore the biological variation (BV) of kidney injury markers in serum and urine of healthy subjects within 24 hours to assist with interpretation of future studies using these biomarkers in the context of known BV. Serum and urine samples were collected every 4 hours (0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 hours) from 31 healthy subjects within 24 hours and serum creatinine (s-Crea), serum β2-microglobin ...

Validation of steroid ratios for random urine by mass spectrometry to detect 5α-reducta...
https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2022-0272
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine; Tran TCM, Tran TNA et. al.

May 25th, 2022 - The 5α-reductase-type-2 deficiency (5ARD2) is a rare autosomal recessive 46,XY disorder of sex development caused by the mutated 5α-reductase type 2 (SRD5A2) gene. In this disease, defective conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone leads to variable presentations of male ambiguous genitalia during fetal development. We aimed to examine characteristics of patients presenting with 5ARD2 ...

Iodine status, dietary iodine intake and iodized salt in school-aged children in São Mi...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2022.111681
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.); Carvalho R, Moniz CS et. al.

May 24th, 2022 - School-aged children in São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal, are a population with a long history of iodine deficiency, and a recent governmental program for iodized salt (IS) consumption was implemented. This study investigated urinary iodine concentration (UIC), household and school IS consumption, and iodine-rich food intake in school-aged children. In this cross-sectional study, spot urine ...