Epidemiology and Infection; Primeau CA, Bharat A et. al.
Jan 27th, 2023 - Resistance to beta-lactam antimicrobials caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms is a global health concern. The objectives of this study were to (1) summarise the prevalence of potential ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) and Salmonella spp. (ESBL-SA) isolates from agrifood and human sources in Canada from 2012 to 2017, and (2) describe the distribution of ...
PloS One; Prümmer JK, Stein VM et. al.
Jan 26th, 2023 - Meningoencephalitis of unknown origin (MUO) is an inflammatory disease of the canine central nervous system (CNS) that shares several features with multiple sclerosis (MS) in humans. In approximately 95% of MS patients, ≥ two immunoglobulin G (IgG) oligoclonal bands (OCBs) are detectable exclusively in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). To investigate OCBs in CSF and serum in dogs affected by MUO, ...
PloS One; Batts TL, Sasaki E et. al.
Jan 26th, 2023 - Hepatobiliary neuroendocrine neoplasms are rare cancers in humans and dogs. To date, no large-scale primary hepatobiliary neoplasm omics analyses exist in any species. This limits the development of diagnostic biomarkers and targeted therapeutics. Neuroendocrine cancers are a heterogenous group of neoplasms categorized by their tissue-of-origin. Because the anatomic niche of neuroendocrine neop...
BMC Genomics; Sivakumar R, Pranav PS et. al.
Jan 26th, 2023 - Bovine mastitis accounts for significant economic losses to the dairy industry worldwide. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common causative agent of bovine mastitis. Investigating the prevalence of virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance would provide insight into the molecular epidemiology of mastitis-associated S. aureus strains. The present study is focused on the whole genome sequen...
PloS One; Schlipf M, Fischer A et. al.
Jan 25th, 2023 - Hereditary hypothyroidism represents a concern for dog breeders; thus, surveillance programs have been established for several dog breeds. Thyroid profiles (total thyroxine (TT4), thyrotropin (thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)), and thyroglobulin autoantibodies (TgAA)) collected as part of a breed surveillance program in Eurasians (2009-2017) were retrospectively analyzed. The study included da...
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Islam A, Cannon DL et. al.
Jan 25th, 2023 - Spillovers of Nipah virus (NiV) from Pteropus bats to humans occurs frequently in Bangladesh, but the risk for spillover into other animals is poorly understood. We detected NiV antibodies in cattle, dogs, and cats from 6 sites where spillover human NiV infection cases occurred during 2013-2015.
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Alkathiry HA, Alghamdi SQ et. al.
Jan 25th, 2023 - Scrub typhus is a zoonosis caused by 3 species of Orientia bacteria, including Candidatus Orientia chuto. This species is known only from a human case in Dubai and infections in wildlife in Kenya. We report molecular detection of Candidatus O. chuto in 2 wild rodent species from Saudi Arabia.
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Plewnia A, Lötters S et. al.
Jan 25th, 2023 - Skin fungi are among the most dangerous drivers of global amphibian declines, and few mitigation strategies are known. For Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Chytridiomycota), available treatments rely on temperature, partially combined with antifungal drugs. We report the clearance of B. salamandrivorans in 2 urodelan species using a solely drug-based approach.
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Meseko C, Adedeji A et. al.
Jan 25th, 2023 - To investigate animal reservoirs of monkeypox virus in Nigeria, we sampled 240 rodents during 2018-2019. Molecular (real-time PCR) and serologic (IgM) evidence indicated orthopoxvirus infections, but presence of monkeypox virus was not confirmed. These results can be used to develop public health interventions to reduce human infection with orthopoxviruses.
Parasites & Vectors; Uiterwijk M, Vojta L et. al.
Jan 25th, 2023 - Hepatozoon spp. are tick-borne parasites causing subclinical to clinical disease in wild and domestic animals. Aim of this study was to determine Hepatozoon prevalence and species distribution among wild mammals and ticks in Europe. Samples of wild mammals and ticks, originating from Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Belgium and the Netherlands, were tested with PCR to amplify a ~ 670-b...
PloS One; Rankovic A, Godfrey H et. al.
Jan 24th, 2023 - Choline participates in methyl group metabolism and has been recognized for its roles in lipid metabolism, hepatic health and muscle function in various species. Data regarding the impacts of choline on feline metabolic pathways are scarce. The present study investigated how choline intake affects the metabolomic profile of overweight cats fed at maintenance energy. Overweight (n = 14; body con...
Parasites & Vectors; Lacroux C, Bonnet S et. al.
Jan 23rd, 2023 - Ticks and tick-borne pathogens significantly impact both human and animal health and therefore are of major concern to the scientific community. Knowledge of tick-borne pathogens is crucial for prescription of mitigation measures. In Africa, much research on ticks has focused on domestic animals. Little is known about ticks and their pathogens in wild habitats and wild animals like the endanger...
PloS One; England AD, Musigwa S et. al.
Jan 21st, 2023 - The availability of sexed day-old broiler chicks is becoming an issue as feather sexing is no longer possible. This has great implications for broiler researchers as the use of randomly distributed mixed-sex birds may result in a greater between-pen variation and thus less statistical power than the use of single-sex birds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of including sex...
PloS One; Tomacheuski RM, Monteiro BP et. al.
Jan 21st, 2023 - This systematic review aimed to investigate the measurement properties of pain scoring instruments in farm animals. According to the PRISMA guidelines, a registered report protocol was previously published in this journal. Studies reporting the development and validation of acute and chronic pain scoring instruments based on behavioral and/or facial expressions of farm animals were searched. Da...
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Esmaeili S, Esmaeili P et. al.
Jan 21st, 2023 - Plague may recur after several decades in its endemic regions; therefore, the continuous monitoring of wildlife is essential, even when no human cases are reported in the old foci. The present study was conducted to monitor rodents and their ectoparasites as well as carnivores to learn about the epidemiology of plague infection in an old focus of Iran. The present study was conducted from 2019 ...
Microbiome Lin L, Lai Z et. al.
Jan 21st, 2023 - Dairy cattle (Bos taurus), especially Holstein cows, which are the highest-producing dairy animals and are widely bred to provide milk products to humans, rely critically on their associated gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota to digest plant feed. However, the region-specific taxonomic composition and function of the GIT microbiome in dairy cattle and the mechanistic basis for the diet-ind...
Virology Journal; Yao X, Qiao WT et. al.
Jan 21st, 2023 - Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) variant strains cause great economic losses to the global swine industry. However, vaccines do not provide sufficient protection against currently circulating strains due to viral mutations. This study traced the molecular characteristics of the most recent isolates in China and aimed to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of PEDV. We obtained...
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials; Seo KW, Do KH et. al.
Jan 20th, 2023 - Pathogenic Escherichia coli are an important cause of bacterial infections in both humans and pigs and many of antimicrobials are used for the treatment of E. coli infection. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics and relationship between humans and pigs regarding third-generation cephalosporin resistance and CMY-2-producing E. coli in Korea. All 103 third-generation...
Archives of Virology; Zheng W, Jiang T et. al.
Jan 20th, 2023 - We present the complete genome sequence of an aviadenovirus obtained by metagenomics from cloacal swabs taken from a free-living Eurasian scops owl (Otus scops, a small raptor distributed in Europe and several parts of Asia) in China. Thirty protein coding genes were predicted in this 40,239-bp-long genome, which encodes the largest fiber protein among all reported aviadenoviruses. The viral ge...
Virology Journal; Vanmechelen B, Lahoreau J et. al.
Jan 20th, 2023 - Only two cases of papillomavirus infections in North American porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum) have been described thus far, and molecular investigation linked these cases to two distinct papillomavirus species. In this report, we present the clinical, histological and molecular investigation of a third case of a porcupine papillomavirus infection. Papillomatous lesions occurred on the upper and...