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About 68,515 results

Elimination of human rabies in Goa, India through an integrated One Health approach.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9120018
Nature Communications; Gibson AD, Yale G et. al.

May 20th, 2022 - Dog-mediated rabies kills tens of thousands of people each year in India, representing one third of the estimated global rabies burden. Whilst the World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) have set a target for global dog-mediated human rabies elimination by 2030, examples of large-scale dog ...

Spatial statistical and environmental correlation analyses on vector density, vector in...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9118647
Parasites & Vectors; Liu MD, Li CX et. al.

May 20th, 2022 - In the eco-epidemiological context of Japanese encephalitis (JE), geo-environmental features influence the spatial spread of the vector (Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Giles 1901) density, vector infection, and JE cases. In Liyi County, Shanxi Province, China, the spatial autocorrelation of mosquito vector density, vector infection indices, and JE cases were investigated at the pigsty and village sca...

Dietary wheat and reduced methane yield are linked to rumen microbiome changes in dairy...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9119556
PloS One; Savin KW, Moate PJ et. al.

May 20th, 2022 - Fermentation of pasture grasses and grains in the rumen of dairy cows and other ruminants produces methane as a by-product, wasting energy and contributing to the atmospheric load of greenhouse gasses. Many feeding trials in farmed ruminants have tested the impact of dietary components on feed efficiency, productivity and methane yield (MeY). Such diets remodel the rumen microbiome, altering ba...

Koala retrovirus load and non-A subtypes are associated with secondary disease among wi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9119473
PLoS Pathogens; Blyton MDJ, Pyne M et. al.

May 20th, 2022 - Koala Retrovirus (KoRV) has been associated with neoplasia in the vulnerable koala (Phascolarctos cinereus). However, there are conflicting findings regarding its association with secondary disease. We undertook a large-scale assessment of how the different KoRV subtypes and viral load are associated with Chlamydia pecorum infection and a range of disease pathologies in 151 wild koalas admitted...

Rabies in a Dog Imported from Azerbaijan - Pennsylvania, 2021.
https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7120a3
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Whitehill F, Bonaparte S et. al.

May 20th, 2022 - On June 16, 2021, rabies virus infection was confirmed in a dog included in a shipment of rescue animals imported into the United States from Azerbaijan. A multistate investigation was conducted to prevent secondary rabies cases, avoid reintroduction of a dog-maintained rabies virus variant (DMRVV), identify persons who might have been exposed and would be recommended to receive rabies postexpo...

Closing the Brief Case: Brucella suis Infection in a Household of Dogs.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9116165
Journal of Clinical Microbiology; Landis M, Rogovskyy AS

May 19th, 2022 - Closing the Brief Case: Brucella suis Infection in a Household of Dogs.|2022|Landis M,Rogovskyy AS,|genetics,diagnosis,veterinary,diagnosis,

The Brief Case: Brucella suis Infection in a Household of Dogs.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9116163
Journal of Clinical Microbiology; Landis M, Rogovskyy AS

May 19th, 2022 - The Brief Case: Brucella suis Infection in a Household of Dogs.|2022|Landis M,Rogovskyy AS,|genetics,diagnosis,veterinary,diagnosis,

SARS-CoV-2 Kappa Variant Shows Pathogenicity in a Syrian Hamster Model.
https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2021.0080
Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.); Yadav PD, Mohandas S et. al.

May 18th, 2022 - Objectives: The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 lineage B.1.617 variants in India has been associated with a surge in the number of daily infections. We investigated the pathogenic potential of Kappa (B.1.617.1) variant in Syrian golden hamsters. Methods: Two groups of Syrian golden hamsters (18 each) were inoculated intranasally with SARS-CoV-2 isolates, B.1 (D614G) and Kappa variant, respectively. Th...

Puumala Orthohantavirus Infection Does Not Affect the Trapping Success of Its Reservoir...
https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2021.0099
Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.); Ecke F, Khalil H et. al.

May 18th, 2022 - Pathogens might affect behavior of infected reservoir hosts and hence their trappability, which could bias population estimates of pathogen prevalence. In this study, we used snap-trapping data on Puumala orthohantavirus (PUUV)-infected (n = 1619) and noninfected (n = 6940) bank voles (Myodes glareolus) from five vole cycles, normally representing increase, peak, and decline phase, to evaluate ...

Trypanosoma cruzi and Other Vector-Borne Infections in Shelter Dogs in Two Counties of ...
https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2021.0078
Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.); Allen KE, Lineberry MW

May 18th, 2022 - Trypanosoma cruzi is an emerging zoonotic vector-borne parasite infecting dogs and other mammals in the United States. In this study we evaluated shelter dogs in one northeastern and one southeastern county in Oklahoma for prevalence of exposure to T. cruzi. Dogs were tested for antibodies against T. cruzi using the Chagas STAT PAK® assay and for T. cruzi in circulation by PCR. In addition, dog...

Strongyloides stercoralis infection in dogs in Austria: two case reports.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9107779
Parasites & Vectors; Unterköfler MS, Eipeldauer I et. al.

May 16th, 2022 - Strongyloides stercoralis is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions, but reports of infections in central and northern Europe have been recently increasing. Infections occur mainly in humans and dogs. In dogs, both dog-adapted and zoonotic S. stercoralis genotypes seem to occur. Clinical manifestations mainly include gastrointestinal and respiratory signs. The severity of the disease can v...

Identification and genome characterization of novel parechovirus sequences from Hipposi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9107582
Virology Journal; Zeng J, Yang Z et. al.

May 16th, 2022 - Bats were identified as a natural reservoir of emerging and re-emerging infectious pathogens threatening human health and life. This study collected 21 fecal samples of Hipposideros armiger in Mengla County of Xishuangbanna Prefecture Yunnan Province to combine one pool for viral metagenomic sequencing. Two nearly complete genomes of parechoviruses, BPeV11 and BPeV20, were sequenced. Genome ana...

Molecular Epidemiology of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Virulence Factors in Multidru...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9102629
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Sonola VS, Katakweba A et. al.

May 15th, 2022 - The interaction of rodents with humans and chicken in the household environment can facilitate transmission of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli (E. coli), causing infections that are difficult to treat. We investigated the presence of genes encoded for carbapenem, extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL), tetracycline and quinolones resistance, and virulence among 50 MDR E. coli isola...

Assessment of the Costs Related to West Nile Virus Monitoring in Lombardy Region (Italy...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9101130
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Defilippo F, Dottori M et. al.

May 15th, 2022 - In Italy, the West Nile Virus surveillance plan considers a multidisciplinary approach to identify the presence of the virus in the environment (entomological, ornithological, and equine surveillance) and to determine the risk of infections through potentially infected donors (blood and organ donors). The costs associated with the surveillance program for the Lombardy Region between 2014 and 20...

An Update on the Surveillance of Livestock Diseases and Antimicrobial Use in Sierra Leo...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9104805
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Bangura Turay FI, Leno A et. al.

May 15th, 2022 - In Sierra Leone, in 2020, a study by the Livestock and Veterinary Services Division (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) on the surveillance system of animal diseases and antimicrobial use found poor reporting. Of the expected weekly districts reports, <1% were received and only three of the 15 districts had submitted reports occasionally between 2016 and 2019. Following this, staff-capaci...

Has the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Been Impacted by COVID-19 P...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9104891
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Biondi V, Monti S et. al.

May 15th, 2022 - African Swine Fever (ASF) is a contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs, listed as notifiable by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). It causes substantial economic losses to pig farming in the affected countries, with consequent enormous damage to livestock production due to mortality of the animals, and to the restrictions on national and international trade in pigs and d...

Characterization of qnrB-carrying plasmids from ESBL- and non-ESBL-producing Escherichi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9101827
BMC Genomics; Juraschek K, Malekzadah J et. al.

May 14th, 2022 - Escherichia coli carrying clinically important antimicrobial resistances [i.e., against extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases (ESBL)] are of high concern for human health and are increasingly detected worldwide. Worryingly, they are often identified as multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates, frequently including resistances against quinolones/fluoroquinolones. Here, the occurrence and genetic basis of ...

Comparison of FECPAKG2, a modified Mini-FLOTAC technique and combined sedimentation and...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9097362
Parasites & Vectors; Boelow H, Krücken J et. al.

May 14th, 2022 - Due to high prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in equine helminths, selective treatment is increasingly promoted and in some countries a positive infection diagnosis is mandatory before treatment. Selective treatment is typically recommended when the number of worm eggs per gram faeces (epg) exceeds a particular threshold. In the present study we compared the semi-quantitative sedimentation/...

Ewe breed differences in the cervical transcriptome at the follicular phase of a synchr...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9097332
BMC Genomics; Abril-Parreño L, Meade KG et. al.

May 14th, 2022 - Cervical artificial insemination (AI) with frozen-thawed semen results in unacceptably low pregnancy rates internationally. The exception is in Norway, where vaginal deposition of frozen-thawed semen to a natural oestrous routinely yields pregnancy rates in excess of 70%. Previous studies by our group has demonstrated that this is due to differences in cervical sperm transport. However, a poten...

Giardia duodenalis in patients with diarrhea and various animals in northeastern China:...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9097065
Parasites & Vectors; Wu Y, Yao L et. al.

May 14th, 2022 - Giardia duodenalis is a common parasitic diarrheal agent in humans, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and multilocus genetic characterization of G. duodenalis in patients with diarrhea and animals in northeastern China, and to assess the epidemiological role of animals in the transmission of human giardiasis. A total of 1739 fecal specim...