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About 3,240 results

The relationship between blood groups and risk of infect...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8209917
Reviews in Medical Virology; Shokri P, Golmohammadi S et. al.

Jan 9th, 2022 - The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is considered a global catastrophe that has overwhelmed health care systems. Since initiation of the pandemic, identification of characteristics that might influence risk of infection and poor disease outcomes have been of paramount interest. Blood group phenotypes are gen...

Maternal marijuana use, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and neonatal morbidity.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5614818
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Metz TD, Allshouse AA et. al.

Jun 5th, 2017 - The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network previously demonstrated an association between stillbirth and maternal marijuana use as defined by the presence of 11-nor-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid in the umbilical cord homogenate. However, the relationship between marijuana use and pe...

New research suggests a causal link between blood group and severe COVID-19
https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/945181

Mar 3rd, 2022 - Peer-reviewed/Observational/People New research suggests a causal link between blood group and severe COVID-19 A new study has analysed over 3000 proteins to identify which are causally linked to the development of severe COVID-19. This is the first study to assess such a large number of proteins for their connection to COVID-19. The findings provide insight into pot...

Little Evidence of Benefit With Short-Term Weight Loss Before Knee Replacement
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/944589

Jan 25th, 2021 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Short-term weight loss before a total knee replacement is unlikely to reduce surgical risk or improve outcomes and might contribute to development of sarcopenic obesity, a critical review suggests. "We anticipated a gap in evidence around this topic, yet we were surprised by the extent of the gap and lack of substantive research," Dr. Kristine Godziuk of the U...

Pott Puffy Tumor
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK560789/
StatPearls; Jose I. Sandoval, Orlando De Jesus

Sep 5th, 2021 - Pott puffy tumor is a subperiosteal abscess due to associated frontal skull osteomyelitis. This usually occurs as a rare complication of frontal sinusitis or trauma to the forehead, that presents with tender forehead swelling associated with fever, headaches, nasal discharge, or symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Including this in the differential diagnosis is important, as early diag...

Neonatal Sepsis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK531478/
StatPearls; Meenakshi Singh, Mahdi Alsaleem et. al.

Oct 10th, 2021 - Neonatal sepsis refers to an infection involving bloodstream in newborn infants less than 28 days old. It continues to remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among infants, especially in middle and lower-income countries. It is divided into early-onset sepsis (EOS) or late-onset sepsis (LOS) based on the age of presentation after birth with different experts using 72 hours or ...

Case Study: 33-Year-Old Female Presents with Chronic SOB and Cough
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK500024/
StatPearls; Sandeep Sharma, Muhammad F. Hashmi et. al.

Jun 26th, 2021 - History of Present Illness: A 33-year-old white female presents after admission to the general medical/surgical hospital ward with a chief complaint of shortness of breath on exertion. She reports that she was seen for similar symptoms previously at her primary care physician’s office six months ago. At that time, she was diagnosed with acute bronchitis and treated with bronchodilators, empiric...

Scrub Typhus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK558901/
StatPearls; O B. Singh, Prasan K. Panda

Sep 30th, 2021 - Scrub typhus is one of the tropical rickettsial infections which if left untreated, can have fatal consequences. It is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi and transmitted by the bite of the mite larvae or chiggers. It is a systemic illness and can present as a vasculitis-like infection. This activity focuses on the role of the interprofessional team in prompt diagnosis and early trea...

Fournier Gangrene
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK549821/
StatPearls; Jonathan Rad, Juron Foreman

Aug 19th, 2021 - Fournier gangrene is a rapidly progressive, life-threatening infectious process that involves the genital and perineal areas. The disease is one of the few urological emergencies and requires prompt surgical debridement as well as antibiotic therapy. This activity reviews the evaluation and treatment and highlights the role of the healthcare team in evaluating and treating patients with this co...

Spinal Opioids In Anesthetic Practice
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK564409/
StatPearls; Katelynn Champagne, Christopher Fecek et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - Spinal opioids for use in anesthesia offers several advantages to systemic pain management. This occurs mainly through the mechanism of action when placed close to nociceptors in the spinal column. This activity reviews and explains the use of spinal opioids in anesthesia and highlights the interprofessional team's role in evaluating patients who undergo the use of spinal opioids in anesthesia....

Dexamethasone exposure in normal-weight and obese hospitalized COVID-19 patients: An ob...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9283739
Clinical and Translational Science; Abouir K, Gosselin P et. al.

Jun 17th, 2022 - During the latest pandemic, the RECOVERY study showed the benefits of dexamethasone (DEX) use in COVID-19 patients. Obesity has been proven to be an independent risk factor for severe forms of infection, but little information is available in the literature regarding DEX dose adjustment according to body weight. We conducted a prospective, observational, exploratory study a...

Study seeks to find ways to predict COVID-19 severity risk in children
https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/930203

Oct 8th, 2021 - ITASCA, IL – An ongoing study is looking at the relationship between cytokines in saliva and COVID-19 infection to help predict the severity of infection. In a preliminary analysis of saliva samples from 150 children, the researchers found that levels of two cytokines were higher in those with severe COVID-19 compared to those without severe infection. The stu...

The adverse impact of pre-operative anaemia on survival following major lower limb ampu...
https://doi.org/10.1177/17085381211065622
Vascular Rammell J, Perre D et. al.

Mar 4th, 2022 - Approximately 5000 major lower-limb amputations (MLLA) for PAD occur per-annum in the UK with clinical outcomes being poor for this high-risk cohort of patients. Existing evidence suggests that anaemic surgical patients have an increased 30-day mortality, but this has not been explored in the context of MLLA. Recent prioritization processes suggested that MLLAs are a target area for rese...

Role of ABO blood system in COVID-19: Findings from a southern Italian study.
https://doi.org/10.1111/tme.12797
Transfusion Medicine (Oxford, England); Negro P, Congedo M et. al.

Jun 12th, 2021 - COVID-19 is a worldwide infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 and infects humans by binding to the ACE2 receptor. Blood group ABO glycoproteins can influence the binding of the virus to ACE2. The role of ABO blood system in the susceptibility to infection as well as in the clinical outcome of infected patients is still controversial and needs to be clarified. We conducted a retrospective...

Cesarean Birth Morbidity among Women with SARS-CoV-2.
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1739430
American Journal of Perinatology; McLaren R, London V et. al.

Nov 15th, 2021 - The objective of this study was to compare maternal outcomes of women with and without severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections who underwent cesarean births. This was a matched cohort study of pregnant women who had a cesarean birth between March 15, 2020, and May 20, 2020. Cases included women who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. For every case, two...

Long-term efficacy and safety of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with chronic kidney...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8817171
BMC Nephrology; Bouwmans P, Messchendorp AL et. al.

Feb 7th, 2022 - COVID-19 is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages G4-G5, on dialysis or after kidney transplantation (kidney replacement therapy, KRT). SARS-CoV-2 vaccine trials do not elucidate if SARS-CoV-2 vaccination is effective in these patients. Vaccination against other viruses is known to be less effective in kidney patients. Our objecti...

Convalescent Plasma Flops in High-Risk COVID Outpatients
https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19/94102

Aug 18th, 2021 - Plasma transfusions from COVID-19-recovered patients didn't prevent progression of the same infection in high-risk adults outside the hospital setting, the SIREN-C3PO trial showed, knocking yet another nail into the coffin for convalescent plasma. Disease progression came to a similar 30.0% in the convalescent-plasma group and 31.9% in the placebo group, with a nonsignificant Baye...

Influence of systemic infection and comorbidities on rehabilitation outcomes in severe ...
https://doi.org/10.23736/S1973-9087.20.05939-0
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine; Bellaviti G, Balsamo F et. al.

Nov 10th, 2020 - Severe infectious complications are a frequent problem in patients with disability due to a severe acquired brain injury. Previous studies reported that the rehabilitation outcome is significantly lower in patients colonized or infected. However, these results could be influenced by comorbidities of those patients admitted in rehabilitation hospital with a lower functional status....

Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK555962/
StatPearls; Lara Zekar, Tariq Sharman

Aug 11th, 2021 - Malaria is a global infectious disease that remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Severe and fatal malaria is predominantly caused by Plasmodium falciparum. Its management and prognosis depend on the awareness of a possible diagnosis in travelers returning from endemic areas, early recognition, and timely effective treatment. This activity reviews th...

Hepatitis B
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK555945/
StatPearls; Nishant Tripathi, Omar Y. Mousa

Jul 18th, 2021 - Hepatitis B infection is a serious global healthcare problem. Often transmitted via body fluids like blood, semen, and vaginal secretions, the hepatitis B virus can cause liver injury. After infection with the hepatitis B virus, the majority of adults are able to clear the infection. Patients can present with acute symptomatic disease or have an asymptomatic disease ...