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What Vaccines Should You and Your Family Have?

Many diseases can be prevented by getting vaccinated against them. The CDC has vaccination schedules that you and your family can follow to make sure you are protected. Getting vaccines when recommended can help prevent the spread of these diseases. Specific vaccine recommendations vary by your age, where you live, and the risk factors you may have. Many basic vaccines are often g...

Patient education: Vaccines for children age 7 to 18 years (Beyond the Basics)
Amy B Middleman

INTRODUCTION In the United States, there are several vaccines that are routinely recommended for children and adolescents between the ages of 7 and 18 years. These include vaccines for four types of Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus): A, C, W135, and Y; tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis; and human papillomavirus. Influenza vaccine is recommended annually. Because the reco...

Patient education: Why does my child need vaccines? (Beyond the Basics)
Jan E Drutz

INTRODUCTION Vaccines are one of the most effective ways to prevent serious illness in children and adults. Vaccine programs in the United States have been quite successful in reducing the number of children affected by many highly contagious diseases, including measles, rubella, mumps, diphtheria, and polio. The following is a discussion of how immunizations work, common side effects, r...

Patient education: Vaccines for infants and children age 0 to 6 years (Beyond the Basics)
Jan E Drutz

INTRODUCTION In the United States, routine vaccines are recommended in children between ages 0 and 6 years to prevent a number of serious or even deadly diseases. The recommended schedule is available through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This article will review the recommended timing and dose of these vaccines, possible side effects, and vaccine effectiveness i...

Patient education: Adult vaccines (Beyond the Basics)
Patricia L Hibberd

INTRODUCTION Pediatric vaccine programs in the United States have been extremely successful against a range of contagious diseases, including measles, rubella, tetanus, diphtheria, and poliomyelitis; fewer than 500 children die in the United States each year of vaccine-preventable diseases. However, healthy adults also require regular vaccines. As many as 50,000 to 70,000 adults die annu...

Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccines

Jan 18th, 2016 - Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough) are serious bacterial infections. Tetanus causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It can lead to "locking" of the jaw. Diphtheria usually affects the nose and throat. Whooping cough causes uncontrollable coughing. Vaccines can protect you from these diseases. In the U.S., there are four combination vaccin...

Patient education: Fever in children (Beyond the Basics)
Mark A Ward

FEVER OVERVIEW Fever is a normal response to a variety of conditions, the most common of which is infection. Fever occurs when the body's temperature is elevated as a result of the body's thermostat being reset to a higher-than-usual temperature. Nearly every child will develop a fever at some point. The challenge for parents is to know when to be concerned. This topic review will discuss the d...

Patient education: Genital warts in women (Beyond the Basics)
Daniela A Carusi

GENITAL WARTS OVERVIEW Condyloma acuminata (genital warts) is a sexually transmitted infection that causes small, skin-colored or pink growths on the labia, at the opening of the vagina, or around or inside the anus. Genital warts are the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Although warts affect both genders, more women than men are diagnosed with warts. CAUSES OF G...

Patient education: Poor weight gain in infants and children (Beyond the Basics)
Kathleen J Motil

POOR WEIGHT GAIN OVERVIEW During infancy and childhood, children gain weight and grow more rapidly than at any other time in life. However, some children do not gain weight at a normal rate, either because of expected variations related to genes, being born prematurely, or because of undernutrition, which may occur for a variety of reasons. Undernutrition is sometimes called a growth deficit, w...

Zika virus - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Dec 20th, 2018 - Diagnosis The mosquito that carries the Zika virus is found worldwide. Stay up-to-date on virus disease cases on the CDC's Zika virus website. Your doctor will likely ask about your medical and travel history. Be sure to describe international trips in detail, including the countries you and your sexual partner have visited and the dates, as well as any contact you may have had with mosquitoes....

Patient education: Rabies (Beyond the Basics)
Catherine M Brown

RABIES OVERVIEW Rabies is a disease caused by a virus that is nearly always fatal. The virus infects the brain of animals, leading to unusual and often aggressive behavior. The rabies virus is present in the saliva of the infected animal and is spread to humans or other animals when the saliva gets into the body through a bite or scratch or through contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth. The ris...

Patient education: Tetanus (The Basics)

What is tetanus? — Tetanus is a serious infection that causes muscle stiffness and spasms. It is sometimes called "lockjaw" because muscle spasms can clench the jaw shut. Tetanus is caused by bacteria (germs) that live in the soil. They can get into the body through a cut or scrape. They can also get into the body if a person uses a needle to inject illegal drugs. Most people in the United Stat...

Patient education: Multiple myeloma treatment (Beyond the Basics)
S Vincent Rajkumar

MULTIPLE MYELOMA OVERVIEW Multiple myeloma (MM) is a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell that make antibodies to help fight infections. In multiple myeloma, the plasma cells are abnormal and grow out of control. The uncontrolled growth of these cells can lead to bone pain and fractures and an inadequate number of normal, healthy blood cells (wh...

Patient education: Hepatitis A (Beyond the Basics)
Michelle Lai

HEPATITIS A OVERVIEW Hepatitis is a common form of liver injury that simply means "inflammation of the liver" (the suffix "itis" means inflammation and "hepa" means liver). Hepatitis A is a specific type of hepatitis that is caused by a virus. Hepatitis A virus infection occurs worldwide. The number of people who become infected with hepatitis A in the United States has declined substantially s...

Patient education: Hepatitis A (The Basics)

What is hepatitis A? — Hepatitis A is an infection that harms the liver. The liver is a big organ in the upper right side of the belly (figure 1). Hepatitis A is caused by a virus. When people have hepatitis A, the virus leaves their body in their bowel movements. If infected people do not wash their hands after they use the bathroom, they can have the virus on their hands. Then they can spread...

Hepatitis A - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Nov 12th, 2018 - Overview Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. The virus is one of several types of hepatitis viruses that cause inflammation and affect your liver's ability to function. You're most likely to get hepatitis A from contaminated food or water or from close contact with a person or object that's infected. Mild cases of hepatitis A don't require treatme...